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Acknowledgments PART ONE: INTRODUCTION: An Overview of Social Experimentation and the Digest What Is a Social Experiment? What Is a Quasi Experiment? Reasons for Conducting Social Experiments Are Experiments Ethical? Alternatives to Social Experimentation Threats to External Validity of Impact Estimates Are Experiments Unduly Expensive? What "Optional Features" Can Experiments Have? How Might Social Experiments Be Used? What Is the History of Social Experiments? What Is the Future for Social Experiments? Uses and Organization of This Book PART TWO: EXPERIMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES Section 1. PUBLIC ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS-AFDC and TANF Ford Administration AFDC Job Counselors Colorado Monthly Reporting Experiment and Pretest WIN Job-Finding Clubs Carter Administration Massachusetts Work Experience Program Louisville Immediate Job Search Assistance Experiment WIN Services to Volunteers Madison and Racine Quality Employment Experiment Denver Postplacement Services Project Louisville Group Job Search Experiment Dayton Wage-Subsidy Voucher Experiment First Reagan Administration Monthly Reporting in the AFDC Program Washington State Intensive Applicant Employment Services Evaluation West Virginia Community Work Experience Demonstration West Virginia Community Work Experience Program (CWEP) (Quasi-experimental) Baltimore Options Program (Maryland Employment Initiatives) San Diego Job Search and Work Experience Demonstration Washington Community Work Experience Program Arkansas Work Program Maine Training Opportunities in the Private Sector (TOPS) Virginia Employment Services Program Florida Trade Welfare for Work New Jersey Grant Diversion Project Second Reagan Administration Cook County Job Search and Work Experience Saturation Work Initiative Model (SWIM) Pennsylvania Saturation Work Program (PSWP) Illinois On-Line Cross-Match Demonstration New York State Comprehensive Employment Opportunity Support Centers (CEOSC) Program Teenage Parent Demonstration Wisconsin Welfare Employment Experiment-Rock County Child Assistance Program (CAP) Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) Washington State Family Independence Program (FIP) (Quasi-experimental) H.W. Bush Administration Child Day Care Recycling Fund Experiment-North Carolina Community Group Participation and Housing Supplementation Demonstration (Bethel Self-Sufficiency Program) Illinois Career Advancement Project Cash Incentives in a Self-Sufficiency Program-Montgomery County, Maryland New Chance Ohio Transitions to Independence Demonstration-JOBS Ohio Transitions to Independence Demonstration-Work Choice Opportunity Knocks Program Wisconsin Earned Income Disregard Demonstration Wisconsin Medical Assistance Extension Demonstration Ohio's Learning, Earning, and Parenting Program (LEAP) Alabama's Avenues to Self-Sufficiency through Employment and Training Services (ASSETS) (Quasi-experimental) AFDC JOBS Participants: Paths toward Self-Sufficiency Project Independence-Florida Wisconsin Learnfare Partnership for Hope National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) Link-Up Maryland Primary Prevention Initiative (PPI) To Strengthen Michigan's Families Utah Single Parent Employment Demo Program (SPED) California Work Pays Demonstration Program (CWPDP) Georgia Preschool Immunization First Clinton Administration Iowa's Family Investment Program New Jersey Family Development Program Colorado Personal Responsibility and Employment Program (CPREP) Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) Post-Employment Services Demonstration (PESD) Vermont Welfare Restructuring Project Florida's Family Transition Program Arkansas Welfare Waiver Demonstration Cal-Learn LA Jobs-First GAIN Evaluation Teenage Parent Home Visitor Services Demonstration Indiana Welfare Reform Evaluation Ohio Children of Opportunity: Learnfare Virginia Independence Program (VIP) Delaware: A Better Chance Connecticut Jobs First San Diego School Attendance Demonstration Project (SADP) The Achieving Change for Texans (ACT) Experiments: Introduction Responsibilities, Employment, and Resources (RER)-Non-Choices Time Limits Pilot Responsibilities, Employment, and Resources (RER)-Choices Wisconsin's Self-Sufficiency First/Pay for Performance Program Second Clinton Administration Work-First Profiling Demonstration W-2 Child Support Demonstration Evaluation Experiments Ongoing at Publication New Visions: College as a Job Advancement Strategy New Jersey Substance Abuse Research Demonstration (SARD) Employment Retention and Advancement Project Welfare to Work Housing Voucher Demonstration Section 2: PUBLIC ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS-FOOD STAMPS and MEDICAID Food Stamp Work Registration and Job Search Demonstration Illinois Monthly Reporting Food Stamp Demonstration Program for Prepaid Managed Health Care (PPMHC) Food Stamp Employment and Training Program San Diego Food Stamp Cash-Out Demonstration Alabama Food Stamp Cash-Out Demonstration Section 3: FIRMS AND ORGANIZATIONS Power Customers Southern California Edison Electricity Pricing Experiment Niagara Mohawk Hourly Integrated Pricing Program (HIPP) Employers Wage-Subsidy Variation Experiment Wilkes-Barre Job Search Voucher Project Health Care Providers NCHSR Nursing Home Incentives Demonstration National Home Health Prospective Payment Demonstration-Phase I National Home Health Prospective Payment Demonstration-Phase II Section 4: MIDDLE-CLASS AND EMPLOYEE POPULATIONS Power Customers Introduction Connecticut Peak Load Pricing Experiment Los Angeles Peak Load Pricing Experiment for Electricity Health Care Consumers Rand Health Insurance Study United Healthcare Gatekeeper Plan Experiment Other Minnesota Income Tax Compliance Experiment Seed Money Experiment Employee Monitoring (Quasi-experimental) Lifelong Learning Demonstration Retirement Plan Decisions Experiment Section 5: LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS (GENERAL) New Jersey Income Maintenance Experiment Rural Income Maintenance Experiment Seattle-Denver Income Maintenance Experiment Gary Income Maintenance Experiment Housing Allowance Demand Experiment Freestanding Housing Voucher Demonstration National Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) Study Emergency Food and Homelessness Intervention Project Operation INC (Incubator for New Companies Project Hope (Head Start Opportunities for Parents through Employment) North Dakota Self-Reliance Program Wisconsin New Hope Project Parents' Fair Share (PFS) Demonstration Experiments Ongoing at Publication Moving to Opportunity (MTO) Bridges to Work Chicago Housing Voucher Lottery Community Action Program of Tulsa County (CAPTC) American Dream Demonstration Jobs Plus (Quasi-experimental) Section 6: LOWER-INCOME HOME OWNERS Counseling for Delinquent Mortgagors Detroit Default Counseling Demonstration Prepurchase Homeownership Counseling Demonstration Section 7: LOW-INCOME CHILDREN AND THEIR FAMILIES Perry Preschool Program Washington, D.C., Mobile Unit for Child Health Care Carolina Abecedarian Project New York Nurse Home Visitation Experiment: 15-Year Follow-Up Increasing the Immunization of Preschool Children Infant Health and Development Program Memphis Nurse Home Visitation Even Start Family Literacy Program National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP) Maryland Guardianship Assistance Program Demonstration School Vouchers Section 8: LOW-INCOME YOUTH Public- versus Private-Sector Jobs Demonstration Project Cambridge Job Factory Career Advancement Voucher Demonstration Project Wilkes-Barre Yes Workshop Program Alternative Youth Employment Strategies Project Cambridge Job Search Voucher Program Summer Experimental Youth Transition Project Jobstart Summer Training and Education Program (STEP) New Orleans and Philadelphia Nonresidential Job Corps Centers Alternative Schools High-Risk Youth Demonstration Project-Yolo County, California Quantum Opportunities Program (QOP)-Pilot Brothers Homeless Youth Self-Sufficiency Project Success Connection Austin Youth Leadership Development School Dropout Demonstration Assistance Program Demonstration American Conservation and Youth Services Corps Illinois Youth Employment and Training Initiative (YETI) National Job Corps Study Quantum Opportunity Program (QOP) Demonstration Carrera Model Experiments Ongoing at Publication Career Academies Upward Bound Center for Employment Training (CET) Replication Study Section 9: LOW-INCOME SINGLE/TEEN PARENT Minority Female Single-Parent Demonstration (MFSP) Young Families Can Project Single-Parent Economic Independence Demonstration (SPEID) Section 10: UNEMPLOYED WORKERS General Education in Manpower Training Carbondale Job-Finding Club Carbondale Handicapped Job-Finding Club U.S. Employment Service Effectiveness of Counseling Pilot Study Job Club Behavioral Supervision Test Buffalo Dislocated Worker Demonstration Program Claimant Placement and Work Test Demonstration Delaware Dislocated Worker Pilot Program Illinois Unemployment Insurance Incentive Program Texas Worker Adjustment Demonstration New Jersey Unemployment Insurance Reemployment Demonstration Washington State Alternative Work Search Experiment Nevada Concentrated Employment Program (CEP) Pennsylvania Reemployment Bonus Demonstration Reemploy Minnesota (REM) Washington State Reemployment Bonus Experiment Washington and Massachusetts Unemployment Insurance Self-Employment Work Search Demonstrations Minority Male Opportunity and Responsibility Program Maryland Unemployment Insurance Work Search Demonstration Kentucky Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) Experiment Job Search Assistance Demonstration Experiment Ongoing at Publication Individual Training Accounts Section 11: HOMELESS PEOPLE Homeless Employment Partnership (HEP) Boston McKinney Demonstration Project Philadelphia Micro-Enterprise Development Program Critical Time Intervention San Diego Homeless Research Demonstration New Orleans Homeless Substance Abusers Project HUD-VA Supported Housing Demonstration (HUD-VASH) Experiments Ongoing at Publication Phoenix, Arizona, Homeless Study St. Louis, Missouri, Community Alternatives Westchester County, New York, Homeless Study Section 12: CHARGED/CONVICTED Living Insurance for Ex-Offenders (LIFE) Transitional Aid Research Project (TARP) Court Employment Project Ex-Offender Research Project Section 13: SUBSTANCE ABUSERS Wildcat Experiment Job Seekers' Workshop Transition Project Section 14: FRAIL ELDERLY Introduction Continued Care BRI Protective Services BRH Home Aide Chronic Disease Worcester Home Care NCHSR Day Care/Homemaker Demonstration Wisconsin Community Care Organization (CCO)-Milwaukee Georgia Alternative Health Services Home Health Care Team Project Open San Diego Long-Term Care Florida Pentastar South Carolina Community Long-Term Care National Long-Term Care (Channeling) Demonstration Neighborhood Team Experiment Team Approach to Outpatient Geriatric Evaluation Experiment Section 15: NONELDERLY PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES Training in Community Living Job Path Harbinger Mental Health Project Structured Training and Employment Transitional Services Demonstration (STETS) Transitional Employment Training Demonstration (TETD) Project NetWork Experiments Ongoing at Publication Consumer-Operated Services Program Employment Intervention Demonstration Program (EIDP) State Partnership Initiatives Section 16: MULTIPLE GROUPS National Supported Work Demonstration AFDC Homemaker-Home Health Aide Demonstrations PART THREE: EXPERIMENTS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES Section 1: AFRICA Teacher Incentives-Kenya (Quasi-experimental) School Meals-Kenya (Quasi-experimental) Deworming Drug Take-up-Kenya (Quasi-experimental) Section 2: ASIA/PACIFIC Women as Policy Makers-India Matriculation Awards Pilot-Israel Assisting the Long-Term Unemployed-Australia Matriculation Awards-Israel (Quasi-experimental) Section 3: CANADA Manitoba Basic Annual Income Experiment Self-Sufficiency Project SSP Entry Effects SSP Plus Earnings Supplement Project Experiments Ongoing at Publication Community Employment Innovation Project Learn$ave Section 4: CONTINENTAL EUROPE Intensified Employment Services-Sweden Counseling and Monitoring I-Netherlands Labour Market Training-Norway Job Training-Denmark Bergen Worker Sickness-Norway Bergen Pain--Norway Counseling and Monitoring II-Netherlands Targeted Negative Income Tax-Germany Zurich Bike Messengers-Switzerland Undergraduate Student Achievement-Netherlands Section 5: LATIN AMERICA PACES (Programa de Ampliación de Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria)-Colombia School Facility Improvements-Bolivia (Quasi-experimental) PROGRESA-Mexico (Quasi-experimental) Proempleo-Argentina Section 6: UNITED KINGDOM Electricity Pricing Restart 13-Week Review 30-Month-Plus Restart Supportive Caseloading Jobplan 1-2-1 Workwise Lone Parent Caseworker Pilots 1-2-1 for Very Long Term Unemployed Benefits Agency Visiting Officer (NDLP) New Deal 25 Plus Intensive Gateway Trailblazers (NDYP) In-Work Training Grant (IWTG) Experiment Ongoing at Publication Employment Zones PART FOUR: TRENDS The Social Experiment Market (from Journal of Economic Perspectives) A Postscript
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: United States Social policy, Evaluation research (Social action programs) United States, Public welfare administration United States, Human services United States