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Contents Preface Symbols, terminology, and units Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Composite beams and slabs 1.2 Composite columns and frames 1.3 Design philosophy and the Eurocodes 1.3.1 Background 1.3.2 Limit state design philosophy 1.4 Properties of materials 1.5 Direct actions (loading) 1.6 Methods of analysis and design Chapter 2 Shear Connection 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Simply-supported beam of rectangular cross-section 2.2.1 No shear connection 2.2.2 Full interaction 2.3 Uplift 2.4 Methods of shear connection 2.4.1 Bond 2.4.2 Shear connectors 2.4.3 Shear connection for profiled steel sheeting 2.5 Properties of shear connectors 2.5.1 Stud connectors used with profiled steel sheeting 2.6 Partial interaction 2.7 Effect of slip on stresses and deflections 2.8 Longitudinal shear in composite slabs 2.8.1 The m - k or shear-bond test 2.8.2 The slip-block test Chapter 3 Simply-supported Composite Slabs and Beams 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Example: layout, materials, and loadings 3.3 Composite floor slabs 3.3.1 Resistance of composite slabs to sagging bending 3.3.2 Resistance of composite slabs to longitudinal shear 3.3.3 Resistance of composite slabs to vertical shear 3.3.4 Punching shear 3.3.5 Bending moments from concentrated point and line loads 3.3.6 Serviceability limit states for composite slabs 3.3.7 Fire resistance Partial safety factors for fire Design action effects for fire Thermal properties of materials Design methods for resistance to fire Simple calculation model for unprotected composite slab 3.4 Example: composite slab 3.4.1 Profiled steel sheeting as shuttering 3.4.2 Composite slab - flexure and vertical shear 3.4.3 Composite slab - longitudinal shear 3.4.4 Local effects of point load 3.4.5 Composite slab - serviceability 3.4.6 Composite slab - fire design 3.4.7 Comments on the design of the composite slab 3.5 Composite beams - sagging bending and vertical shear 3.5.1 Effective cross section 3.5.2 Classification of steel elements in compression 3.5.3 Resistance to sagging bending Cross-sections in Class 1 or 2 Cross-sections in Class 3 or 4 3.5.4 Resistance to vertical shear 3.6 Composite beams - longitudinal shear 3.6.1 Critical lengths and cross-sections 3.6.2 Ductile and non-ductile connectors 3.6.3 Transverse reinforcement Design rules for transverse reinforcement in solid slabs Transverse reinforcement in composite slabs 3.6.4 Detailing rules 3.7 Stresses, deflections, and cracking in service 3.7.1 Elastic analysis of composite sections in sagging bending 3.7.2 The use of limiting span-to-depth ratios 3.8 Effects of shrinkage of concrete and of temperature 3.9 Vibration of composite floor structures 3.9.1 Prediction of fundamental natural frequency 3.9.2 Response of a composite floor to pedestrian traffic 3.10 Fire resistance of composite beams 3.11 Example: simply-supported composite beam 3.11.1 Composite beam - full-interaction flexure, and vertical shear 3.11.2 Composite beam - partial shear connection, and transverse reinforcement 3.11.3 Composite beam - deflection and vibration Deflection Vibration 3.11.4 Composite beam - fire design Chapter 4 Continuous Beams and Slabs, and Beams in Frames 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Hogging moment regions of continuous composite beams 4.2.1 Classification of sections, and resistance to bending General Plastic moment of resistance Example: cross-section in hogging bending Elastic moment of resistance Example: elastic resistance to bending 4.2.2 Vertical shear, and moment-shear interaction 4.2.3 Longitudinal shear 4.2.4 Lateral buckling Elastic critical moment Buckling moment Use of bracing 4.2.5 Cracking of concrete No control of crack width Control of restraint-induced cracking Control of load-induced cracking 4.3 Global analysis of continuous beams 4.3.1 General 4.3.2 Elastic analysis Redistribution of moments in continuous beams Example: redistribution of moments Corrections for cracking and yielding 4.3.3 Rigid-plastic analysis 4.4 Stresses and deflections in continuous beams 4.5 Design strategies for continuous beams 4.6 Example: continuous composite beam 4.6.1 Data 4.6.2 Flexure and vertical shear 4.6.3 Lateral buckling 4.6.4 Shear connection and transverse reinforcement 4.6.5 Check on deflections 4.6.6 Control of cracking 4.7 Continuous composite slabs Chapter 5 Composite Columns and Frames 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Composite columns 5.3 Beam-to-column joints 5.3.1 Properties of joints 5.3.2 Classification of joints 5.4 Design of non-sway composite frames 5.4.1 Imperfections 5.4.2 Elastic stiffnesses of members 5.4.3 Method of global analysis 5.4.4 First-order global analysis of braced frames Actions Eccentricity of loading, for columns Elastic global analysis Rigid-plastic global analysis 5.4.5 Outline sequence of design for a composite braced frame 5.5 Example: composite frame 5.5.1 Data 5.5.2 Design action effects and load arrangements 5.5.3 Design action effects for columns 5.6 Simplified design method of EN 1994-1-1, for columns 5.6.1 Introduction 5.6.2 Fire resistance, and detailing rules 5.6.3 Properties of column lengths 5.6.4 Resistance of a cross-sections to combined compression and uni-axial bending 5.6.5 Verification of a column length Design action effects for uni-axial bending Bi-axial bending 5.6.6 Transverse and longitudinal shear 5.6.7 Concrete-filled steel tubes 5.7 Example (continued): external column 5.7.1 Action effects 5.7.2 Properties of the cross-section, and y-axis slenderness 5.7.3 Resistance of the column length, for major-axis bending 5.7.4 Resistance of the column length, for minor-axis bending 5.7.5 Checks on shear 5.8 Example (continued): internal column 5.9 Example (continued): design for horizontal forces 5.10 Example (continued): nominally-pinned joint to external column Appendix A. Partial-interaction Theory A.1 Theory for simply-supported beam A.2 Example: partial interaction References Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Composite construction, Building, Iron and steel, Concrete construction