Table of contents for A history of the modern Middle East / William L. Cleveland.

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List of Illustrations
Preface to the Third Edition
A Note about Place Names and Transliteration
Part IThe Development of Islamic Civilization to the Eighteenth Century 1
1.The Rise and Expansion of Islam 5
2.The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Fifteenth Century 27
3.The Ottoman and Safavid Empires: A New Imperial Synthesis 51
Part IIThe Beginnings of the Era of Transformation 78
4. Forging a New Synthesis: The Pattern of Reforms, 1789-1849 83
5.The Ottoman Empire and Egypt During the Era of the Tanzimat 111
6.Egypt and Iran in the Late Nineteenth Century 145
7.The Response of Islamic Society 170
8. The Era of the Young Turks and the Iranian Constitutionalists 192
9.World War I and the End of the Ottoman Order 218
Part IIIThe Struggle for Independence: The Interwar Era to the End of World War II 245
10.Authoritarian Reform in Turkey and Iran 250
11. The Arab Struggle for Independence: Egypt, Iraq, and Transjordan from the Interwar Era to 1945 279
12. The Arab Struggle for Independence: Syria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia from the Interwar Era to 1945 314
13. The Palestine Mandate and the Birth of the State of Israel 345
Part IVThe Independent Middle East from the End of World War II to the 1970s 265
14.Democracy and Authoritarianism: Turkey and Iran 395
15.The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Egyptian Base 438
16.The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Radicalization of Arab Politics 471
17.Israel and the Palestinians from 1948 to the 1970s 505
Part VA Time of Upheaval and Renewal: The Middle East from the 1970s to the 1990s 540
18.Changing Patterns of War and Peace: Egypt and Lebanon in the 1970s and 1980s 546
19. The Consolidation of Authoritarian Rule in Syria and Iraq: The Regimes of Hafiz al-Asad and Saddam Hussein 583
20. The Iranian Revolution and the Resurgence of Islam 623
21. The Arabian Peninsula in the Petroleum Era 666
22. Challenges to the Existing Order: The Palestinian Uprising and the Gulf War 701
23. A Peace So Near, A Peace So Far: Israeli-Palestinian Relations since the Gulf War 740
24. Patterns of Continuity and Change in the Central Middle East since the Gulf War 770
Epilogue 804
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