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Introduction: The historical map transformed_x Exploring a new world_2 In which the famous Cook-killed by native Hawaiians-and the forgotten La Pérouse-lost at sea-voyage across the Pacific and confront the western limits of new continents, mapping nooks and crannies of shoreline from Alaska to Chile. Venturing into the interior_18 Alexander von Humboldt begins to map New Spain and generously shares his work with Thomas Jefferson, who, having recently made the Louisiana Purchase, is eager to find out what he bought, dispatching Zebulon Pike up the Mississippi, and Meriwether Lewis and William Clark west on the Missouri. Drawing patterns on the land_38 The Age of the Surveyor reaches a zenith, as trigonometry, rods and chains, and benchmarks replace canoes and ocean-going vessels. The wilderness is commodified, and as the value of land increases, so does the precision of its description and mapping. Showing the shape of the land_60 In which cartographers strive to bring a "fuller volume of reality" and a third dimension to the flat surface of a paper map, with oblique perspectives or bird's eye views, topography, color lithography, and the theodolite. Connecting place to place_82 Millennia-old equations of time and distance are revolutionized by the telegraph, the Erie Canal, steam power, and a transcontinental railroad, transforming maps from descriptions of areas and surface features to renderings of increasingly complex webs of connection . Settling into the city_106 The first great cities of the continent appear in the most likely and unlikely places, from a quiet cove in a balmy bay to a malarial swamp, from the sub-zero wastes of the Gaspé Peninsula to an arid basin ringed by mountains, each defying its planners' most rigorous schemes and growing according to the lay of the land, the flow of commerce, and the tides of history. Afterword: The brick, the mortar, the pixel_124 Image bibliography_128
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: North America Historical geography Maps Catalogs, South America Historical geography Maps Catalogs, Rumsey, David, 1944- Map collections Catalogs, Maps Private collections California San Francisco Catalogs