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Contents Preface 000 To the Instructor 000 About the Authors 000 Fiction 1 1 Reading a Story 3 Fable, Parable, and Tales 4 W. Somerset Maugham, The Appointment in Samarra 4 A servant tries to gallop away from Death in this brief sardonic fable retold in memorable form by a popular storyteller. Aesop, The Fox and the grapes 5 Ever wonder where the phrase "sour grapes" comes from? Find out in this classic fable. Bid pai, The Camel and His Friends 6 With friends like these, you can guess what the camel doesn't need. Chuang Tzu, Independence 6 The Prince of Ch'u asks the philosopher Chuang Tzu to become his advisor and gets a surprising reply in this classic Chinese fable. Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Godfather Death 9 Neither God nor the Devil came to the christening. In this stark folk tale, a young man receives magical powers with a string attached. Plot 12 The Short Story 13 John Updike, A & P 15 In walk three girls in nothing but bathing suits, and Sammy finds himself no longer an aproned checkout clerk but an armored knight. Writer's Perspective John Updike on Writing, Why Write 20 Writing Critically What's the Plot? 21 Writing Assignment 22 Further Suggestions For Writing 22 2 Point of View 23 William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily 29 Proud, imperious Emily Grierson defied the town from the fortress of her mansion. Who could have guessed the secret that lay within? Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Malbies 37 Mr. Kapasi's life had settled into a quiet pattern-and then Mrs. Das and her family came into it. James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues 53 Two brothers in Harlem see life differently. The older brother is the sensible family man, but Sonny wants to be a jazz musician. Eudora Welty, Why I Live at the P.O. 77 Since no one appreciated Sister, she decides to live at the Post Office. After meeting her family, you won't blame her. Writer's Perspective James Baldwin on Writing, Race and the African American Writer 87 Writing Critically How Point of View Shapes a Story 89 Writing Assignment ?? Further Suggestions For Writing 90 3 Character 91 Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall 94 For sixty years Ellen Weatherall has fought back the memory of that terrible day, but now once more the priest waits in the house. Alice Walker, Everyday Use 102 When successful Dee visits from the city, she has changed her name. Her mother and sister notice other things have changed, too. Raymond Carier Cathedral 109 He had never expected to find himself crying to describe a cathedral to a blind man. He hadn't even wanted to meet this odd, old friend of his wife. Writer's Perspective Raymond Carier on Writing, Common place but precise language 121 Writing Critically How Character Creates Action 122 Writing Assignment 123 Further Suggestions For Writing 123 4 Setting 124 Kate Chopin, The Storm 127 Even with her husband away, Calixta feels happily, securely married. Why then should she not shelter an old admirer from the rain? Jack London, To Build a Fire 132 Seventy-five degrees below zero. Alone except for one mistrustful wolf dog, a man finds himself battling a relentless force. T. Coraghessan Boyle, Greasy Lake 143 Murky and strewn with beer cans, the lake appears a wasteland. On its shore three "dangerous characters" learn a lesson one grim night. Amy Tan, A Pair of Tickets 157 A young woman flies with her father to China to meet two half sisters she never knew existed. Writer's Perspective Amy Tan on Writing, Setting the Voice 167 Writing Critically How Time and Place Set a Story 168 Writing Assignment 169 Further Suggestions For Writing 169 5 Tone and Style 170 Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place 174 All by himself each night, the old man lingers in the bright cafÄ. What does he need more than brandy? One other knew. William Faulkner, Barn Burning 178 This time when Ab Snopes wields his blazing torch, his son Sarty faces a dilemma: whether to obey or defy the vengeful old man. Irony 192 Guy de Maupassant, The Necklace 193 Having no jewels to wear to the ball, a young woman borrows her rich friend's diamond necklace-with disastrous results. Ha Jin, Saboteur 200 When the police unfairly arrest Mr. Chiu, he hopes for justice. After witnessing their brutality, he quietly plans revenge. Writer's Perspective Ernest Hemingway on Writing, The Direct Style 209 Writing Critically Be Style-Conscious 210 Writing Assignment 211 Further Suggestions For Writing 211 6 Theme 212 Stephen Crane, The Open Boat 215 In a lifeboat circled by sharks, tantalized by glimpses of land, a reporter scrutinizes Fate and learns about comradeship. Alice ??uafo, Day of the Butterfly 234 A sixth-grader is surprised by some of her own reactions when one of her classmates becomes seriously ill. Luke 15: 11-32, The Parable of the Prodigal Son 241 A father has two sons. One demands his inheritance now and leaves to spend it with ruinous results. Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Harrison Bergeron 242 Are you handsome? Off with your eyebrows! Are you brainy? Let a transmitter sound thought-shattering beeps inside your ear. Writer's Perspective Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. on Writing, The Themes of Science Fiction 248 Writing Critically Stating the Theme 249 Writing Assignment 250 Further Suggestions For Writing 250 7 Symbol 251 John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums 253 Fenced-in Elisa feels emotionally starved-then her life promises to blossom with the arrival of the scissors-grinding man. Shirley Jackson, The Lottery 262 Splintered and faded, the sinister black box had worked its annual terror for longer than anyone in town could remember. Elizabeth Tallent, No one is a mystery 269 A two-page story speaks volumes about an open-hearted girl and her married lover. Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas 272 Omelas is the perfect city. All of its inhabitants are happy. But everyone's prosperity depends on a hidden evil. Writer's Perspective Ursula K. Le Guin on Writing, Note on "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" 278 Writing Critically Recognizing Symbols 279 Writing Assignment 279 Student Essay An Analysis of The Symbolism in Steinbeck's "The Chrysanthemums" 280 Further Suggestions For Writing 283 8 Evaluating a Story 284 Writing Critically Know What You're Judging 286 Writing Assignment 287 Further Suggestions For Writing 287 9 Reading Long Stories and Novels 288 Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilych 294 The supreme Russian novelist tells how a petty, ambitious judge, near the end of his wasted life, discovers a harrowing truth. Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis 336 "As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect." Kafka's famous opening sentence introduces one of the most chilling stories in world literature. Writer's Perspective Franz Kafka on Writing, Discussing The Metamorphosis 371 Writing Critically Leaving Things Out 373 Writing Assignment-Research Paper 373 Student Essay Kafka's Greatness 374 Further Suggestions For Writing 380 10 Two Critical Casebooks: Edgar Alian Poe and Flannery O'Connor 381 Edgar Allan Poe 381 Stories The Tell-Tale Heart 382 The smoldering eye at last extinguished, a murderer finds that, despite all his attempts at a cover-up, his victim will be heard. The Masque of the Red Death 386 The uninvited guest at Prince Prospero's masquerade ball changes the life of everyone present, in this masterpiece of mood and effect. The Fall of the House of Usher 391 A letter from a boyhood friend turns out to be an invitation to a world of horror and doom. Edgar Allan Poe on Edgar Allan Poe The Tale and Its Effect 405 On Imagination 406 The Philosophy of Composition 406 Critics on Edgar Allan Poe Daniel Hoffman, The Father-Figure in "The Tell-Tale Heart" 408 Marie Bonaparte, A Psychoanalytic Reading of "The Masque of the Red Death" 410 Charies Baudelaire, On Pre?? Genius 412 James Tuttleton, Poe's Quest for Supernal Beauty 413 Flannery O'Connor 415 Stories Good Country People 416 Joy's mother thought the Bible salesman was a nice young man, but Joy will soon discover otherwise. A Good Man Is Hard to Find 431 Wanted: The Misfit, a cold-blooded killer. An ordinary family vacation leads to horror-and one moment of redeeming grace. Revelation 443 Mrs. Turpin thinks herself Jesus' favorite child, until she meets a troubled college girl. Soon violence flares in a doctor's waiting room. Flannery O'Connor on Flannery O'Connor Excerpt from "On Her Own Work" 459 On Her Catholic Faith 462 Excerpt from "The Grotesque in Southern Fiction": The Serious Writer and the Tired Reader 462 Yearbook Cartoons 464 Critics on Flannery O'Connor Robert Brinkmeyer Jr., Flannery O'Connor and Her Readers 465 J. O. Tate, A Good Source Is Not So Hard to Find: The Real Life Misfit 468 Mary Jane Schenck, Deconstructing "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" 470 Kathleen Feeley, Comic Perversion in "Good Country People" 472 Writing Critically How One Story Imaging ?? Another 473 Writing Assignment 473 Further Suggestions for Writing on Edgar Allan Poc 473 Further Suggestions for Writing on Flannery O'Connor 474 11 Stories for Further Reading 475 Chinua Achebe, Dead Men's Path 475 The new headmaster of the village school was determined to fight superstition, but the villagers did not agree. Isabel Allende, The Judge's Wife 478 Anjana Appachana, The Prophecy 485 Seventeen years old and pregnant, Amrita doesn't know what to do, but before she visits the gynecologist, she consults a fortune teller. Margaret Atwood, Happy Endings 497 John and Mary meet. What happens next? This witty experimental story offers five different outcomes. Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge 501 At last, Peyton Farquhar's neck is in the noose. Reality mingles with dream in this classic story of the American Civil War. Jorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to Mark 505 A young man from Buenos Aires is trapped by a flood on an isolated ranch. To pass the time he reads the Gospel to a family with unforeseen results. I sabel allende, The Judge's Wife 478 Revenge can take many different forms, but few are as strange as the revenge taken in this passionate tale.. Willa Cather, Paul's Case ?? Paul's teachers can't understand the boy. Then one day, with stolen cash, he boards a train for New York and the life of his dreams. John Cheever, The Five-Forty-Eight 528 After their brief affair, Blake fired his secretary. He never expected she would seek revenge. Anton Chekhov, The Lady with the Pet Dog 539 Lonely and bored at a seaside resort, they had sought a merely casual affair. How could they know it might deepen and trouble their separate marriages? Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour 552 "There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know; it was too subtle and elusive to name." Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street 554 Does where we live tell what we are? A little girl dreams of a new house, but things don't always turn out the way we want them to. Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal 555 A young black man is invited to deliver his high school graduation speech to a gathering of a Southern town's leading white citizens. What promises to be an honor turns into a nightmare of violence, humiliation, and painful self-discovery. Gabriel GarcÆa Mçrquez, The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World 566 Even in death, a mysterious stranger has a profound effect on all of the people in the village. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper 571 Her husband the doctor prescribed complete rest in the isolated and mysterious country house they rented for the summer. The cure proves worse than the disease in this gothic classic. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown 584 Urged on through deepening woods, a young Puritan sees-or dreams he sees-good villagers hasten toward a diabolic rite. Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat 594 Delia's hard work paid for her small house. Now her drunken husband, Sykes, has promised it to another woman. Kazuo Ishiguro, A Family Supper 604 Something very odd lurks beneath the surface of this family supper, and it might prove fatal. James Joyce, Araby 612 If only he can find her a token, she might love him in return. As night falls, a Dublin boy hurries to make his dream come true. Jamaica Kincaid, Girl 617 "Try to walk like a lady, and not like the slut you are so bent on becoming." An old-fashioned mother tells her daughter how to live. D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner 619 Wild-eyed "as if something were going to explode in him," the boy predicts each winning horse, and gamblers rush to bet a thousand pounds. Bernard Malamud, Angel Levine 631 Broke, ill, and desperate, the tailor Manischevitz begs God for help. But when he discovers a black man in his living room who claims to be a Jewish angel, the tailor refuses to believe. A comic classic of how grace and need overcome prejudice. Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill 639 Sundays had long brought joy to solitary Miss Brill, until one fateful day when she happened to share a bench with two lovers in the park. Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh 643 After the accident Leroy could no longer work as a truck driver. He hoped to make a new life with his wife, but she seemed strangely different. Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? 650 Alone in the house, Connie finds herself helpless before the advances of a spellbinding imitation teenager, Arnold Friend. Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried 667 What each soldier carried into the combat zone was largely determined by necessity, but each man's necessities differed. Frank O'Connor, First Confession 680 A sympathetic Irish priest cross-examines a boy who takes a bread knife to his sister and wants to chop up his grandmother besides. Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing 687 Deserted by her husband, forced to send away her child, a woman remembers how both she and her daughter managed to survive. Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds 693 When old Teofilo dies, his friends give him a tribal burial to ensure that the rains will come for the pueblo. But can they also convince Father Paul to take part in the pagan ceremony? Poetry 697 12 Reading a Poem 701 William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree 703 Lyric Poetry 706 D. H. Lawrence, Piano 706 Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer's Tigers 707 Narrative Poetry 708 Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spence 708 Robert Frost, "Out, Out-" 710 Dramatic Poetry 711 Robert Browning, My Last Duchess 712 Writer's Perspective Adrienne Rich on Writing, Recalling "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers" 714 Writing Critically Can a Poem be Paraphrased? 715 William Stafford, Ask Me 715 William Stafford, A Paraphrase of "Ask Me" 716 Writing Assignment 716 13 Listening to a Voice 717 Tone 717 Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz 718 Countee Cullen, For a Lady I Know 719 Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book 719 Walt Whitman, To a Locomotive in Winter 720 Emily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles 721 Benjamin Alire Sçenz, To the Desert 722 Weldon Kees, For My Daughter 723 The Person in the Poem 723 Natasha The then??, White Lies 724 Edwin Arlington Robinson, Luke Havergal 725 Ted Hughes, Hawk Rodsting 726 William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud 727 Dorothy Wordsworth, Journal Entry 728 James Stephens, A Glass of Beer 729 Anne Sexton, Her Kind 730 William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow 731 Irony 731 Robert Creeley, Oh No 732 W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen 733 Sharon Olds, Rites of Passage 734 John Betjeman, In Westminster Abbey 735 Sarah N. Cleghorn, The Golf Links 736 Josephiae Wiles, Civilian 737 Co??hic Beh??ley, The Covetous Cat 737 Thomas Hardy, The Workbox 738 For Review and Further Study 739 William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper 739 Robert McDow??, At Home with Dollface 740 William Stafford, At the Un-National Monument Along the Canadian Border 740 H. L. Hix, I Love the World, As Does Any Dancer 741 Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta 741 Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est 742 Writer's Perspective Wilfred Owen on Writing, War Poetry 742 Writing Critically Paying Attention to the Obvious 744 Writing Assignment 744 Student Essay Word Choice, Tone, and Point of View in Roethke's "My Papa's Waltz" 745 Further Suggestions For Writing 748 14 Words 749 Literal Meaning: What a Poem Says First 749 William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say 750 Marianne Moore, Silence 751 Robert Graves, Down, Wanton, Down! 752 John Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You 753 The Value of a Dictionary 754 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Aftermath 755 John Clare, Mouse's Nest 756 J. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead 757 Kelly Cherry, Advice to a Friend Who Paints 758 Carl Sandburg, Grass 758 Word Choice and Word Order 758 Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Clothes 761 Kay Ryan, Blandeur 763 Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid 764 Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment 765 Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts 766 For Review and Further Study 767 E. E. CUMMINGS, anyone lived in a pretty how town 767 Billy Collins, The Names 768 Anonymous, Carnation Milk 770 William Wordsworth, My heart leaps up when I behold 770 William Wordsworth, Mutability 770 Anonymous, Scottsboro 771 Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky 771 Writer's Perspective Lewis Carroll on Writing, Humpty Dumpty Explicates "Jabberwocky" 773 Writing Critically How Much Difference Does a Word Make? 774 Writing Assignment 775 Further Suggestions For Writing 775 15 Saying and Suggesting 776 John Masefield, Cargoes 777 William Blake, London 778 Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock 780 awchaolyn Brooks, The Independent Man 781 Timothy Steele, Epitaph 781 Geoffrey Hill, Merlin 782 Walter de la Mare, The Listeners 782 Robert Frost, Fire and Ice 784 Clare Rossini, Final Love Note 784 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle Tears 785 Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World 786 Writer's Perspective Richard Wilbur on Writing, Concerning "Love Calls Us to the Things of This World" 787 Writing Critically The Ways a Poem Suggests 788 Writing Assignment 789 Further Suggestions For Writing 789 16 Imagery 790 Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro 790 Taniguchi Buson, The piercing chill I feel 790 T.S. Eliot, The winter evening settles down 792 Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar 792 Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish 793 Anne Stevenson, The Victory 795 Charles Simic, Fork 796 Emily Dickinson, A Route of Evanescence 796 Jean Toomer, Reapers 797 Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty 797 About Haiku 798 Arakida Moritake, The Falling Flower 798 Matsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streak 799 Matsuo Basho, In the old stone pool 799 Taniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bell 799 Taniguchi Buson, I go 799 Kobayashi Issa, only one guy 799 Kobayashi Issa, Cricket 799 Suiko Matsushita, Rain shower from mountain 800 Suiko Matsushita, Cosmos in bloom 800 Neiji Ozawa, War forced us from California 800 Neigi Ozawa, The war 800 Hakuro Wada, Even the croaking of frogs 800 Etheridge Knight, Lee Gurga, Penny Haerter, John Ridland, Adelle Foley, Jennifer Brutschy, Connie Bensley, A Selection of Haiku 800-801 For Review and Further Study 801 John Keats, Bright star! would I were steadfast as thou art 801 Walt Whitman, The Runner 802 T. E. Hulme, Image 802 Chana Bloch, Tired Sex 802 Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter 803 Gary Snyder, Piute Creek 803 H. D., Heat 804 Louise Glck, Mock Orange 804 Billy Collins, Embrace 805 John Haines, Winter News 805 Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning 806 Writer's Perspective Ezra Pound on Writing, The Image 807 Writing Critically Analyzing Images 808 Writing Assignment 809 Student Essay Elizabeth Bishop's Use of Imagery in "The Fish" 809 Further Suggestions For Writing 813 17 Figures of Speech 814 Why Speak Figuratively? 814 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle 815 William Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? 815 Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? 816 Metaphor and Simile 817 Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun 818 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied Wall 819 William Blake, To see a world in a grain of sand 820 Sylvia Plath, Metaphors 820 N. Scott Momaday, Simile 820 Emily Dickinson, It dropped so low - in my Regard 821 Craig Raine, A Martian Sends a Postcard Home 821 Other Figures 824 James Stephens, The Wind 825 Chidiock Tichborne, Elegy, Written with His Own Hand in the Tower Before His Execution 827 Margaret Atwood, You fit into me 828 John Ashberry, The Cathedral Is 829 George Herbert, The Pulley 829 Louis Macneice, Plain Speaking 829 For Review and Further Study ?? Robert Frost, The Silken Tent 830 Denise Levertov, Leaving Forever 831 Jane Kenyon, The Suitor 831 Robert Frost, The Secret Sits 832 H. D., Love That I Bear 832 A. R. Ammons, Coward 832 Kay Ryan, Turtle 832 Robinson Jeffers, Hands 833 Robert Burns, Oh, my love is like a red, red rose 833 Writer's Perspective Robert Frost on Writing, The Importance of Poetic Metaphor 834 Writing Critically How Metaphors Enlarge a Poem's Meaning 835 Writing Assignment 836 Further Suggestions For Writing 836 18 Song 837 Singing and Saying 837 Ben Jonson, To Celia 838 Anonymous, The Cruel Mother 839 William Shakespeare, Take, O, take those lips away 841 Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory 842 Paul Simon, Richard Cory 843 Ballads 844 Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan 844 Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham 847 Blues 848 Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams, Jailhouse Blues 849 W. H. Auden, Funeral Blues 850 Rap 850 Rsh D.M. Cog. From Peter Piser 852 For Review and Further Study 853 John Lennon and Paul Mccartney, Eleanor Rigby 853 Bob Dylan, The Times They Are a-Changin' 854 ??endolyn Brooks, Queen of the Blues 856 Writer's Perspective Paul McCartney on Writing, Creating "Eleanor Rigby" 858 Writing Critically Is There a Difference Between Poetry and Song? 859 Writing Assignment 860 Further Suggestions For Writing 860 19 Sound 861 Sound as Meaning 861 Alexander Pope, True Ease in Writing comes from Art, not Chance 862 William Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus? 864 John Updike, Recital 863 William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal 865 Emanuel di Pasquale, Rain 866 Aphra Behn, When maidens are young 866 Alliteration and Assonance 866 A. E. Housman, Eight O'Clock 868 Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Voice 868 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The splendor falls on castle walls 869 Rime 869 William Cole, On my boat on Lake Cayuga 870 James Reeves, Rough Weather 872 Hilaire Belloc, The Hippopotamus 873 William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan 874 Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur 875 Fred Chappell, Narcissus and Echo 875 Robert Frost, Desert Places 876 Reading and Hearing Poems Aloud 877 Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John Coltrane 879 William Shakespeare, Full fathom five thy father lies 879 Chryss Yost, Lai with Sounds of Skin 880 T. S. Eliot, Virginia 880 Writer's Perspective T. S. Eliot on Writing, The Music of Poetry 881 Writing Critically Is it Possible to Write about Sound? 882 Writing Assignment 882 Further Suggestions For Writing 882 20 Rhythm 884 Stresses and Pauses 884 Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool 889 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break 889 Ben Jonson, Slow, slow, fresh fount, keep time with my salt tears 890 Alexander Pope, Atticus 891 Sir Thomas Wyatt, With serving still 892 Dorothy Parker, RÄsumÄ 892 Meter 892 Max Beerbohm, On the imprint of the first English edition of The Works of Max Beerbohm 893 Thomas Campion, Rose-cheeked Laura, come 899 Vachel Lindsay, Factory Windows Are Always Broken 900 Edna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out Rhyme 901 A. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty 902 William Carlos Williams, Heel & toe to the end 902 Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums! 903 David Mason, Song of the Powers 904 Langston Hughes, Dream Boogie 904 Writer's Perspective Gwendolyn Brooks on Writing, Hearing "We Real Cool" 905 Writing Critically Freeze-Framing the Sound 906 Writing Assignment 907 Further Suggestions For Writing 907 21 Closed Form 908 Formal Patterns 909 John Keats, This living hand, now warm and capable 910 Robert Graves, Counting the Beats 912 John Donne, Song ("Go and catch a falling star") 913 Phillis Levin, Brief Bio 914 Ronald Gross, Yield 915 The Sonnet 917 William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds 917 Michael Drayton, Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part 918 Edna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why 919 Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night 919 Kim Addonizio, First Poem for You 920 Mark Jarman, Unholy Sonnet?? After the Praying 920 R. S. Gwynn, Scenes from the Playroom 921 Timothy Steele, Summer 922 A. E. Stallings, Sine Qua Non 922 The Epigram 923 Alexander Pope, Sir John Harrington, Robert Herrick, William Blake, E. E. Cummings, Langston Hughes, J. V. Cunningham, John Frederick Nims, Stevie Smith, Brad Leithauser, Dick Davis, Anonymous, Hilaire Belloc, Wendy Cope, A Selection of Epigrams 923-925 W. H. Auden, Edmund Clerihew Bentley, Cornelius J. Ter Maat, Clerihews 925-926 Other Forms 926 Robert Pinsky, Abc 926 Dylan Thomas, Do not go gentle into that good night 927 Robert Bridges, Triolet 927 Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina 928 Writer's Perspective Robert Graves on Writing, Poetic Inspiration and Poetic Form 930 Writing Critically Turning Points 931 Writing Assignment 932 Further Suggestions For Writing 932 22 Open Form 933 Denise Levertov, Ancient Stairway 933 E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill 's 938 W. S. Merwin, For the Anniversary of My Death 938 William Carlos Williams, The Dance 939 Stephen Crane, The Heart 940 Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford 940 Ezra Pounds, The Barret 941 Carolyn ForchÄ, The Colonel 944 Wallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird 941 Visual Poetry 944 George Herbert, Easter Wings 945 John Hollander, Swan and Shadow 946 Terry Ehret, from Papyrus 947 Dorthi Charles, Concrete Cat 948 Seeing the Logic of Open Form Verse 949 e. e. cummings, in Just- 949 Lucille Clifton, Homage to my hips 950 Carole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails Red 951 Alice Fulton, What I Like 951 Writer's Perspective Walt Whitman on Writing, The Poetry of the Future 952 Writing Critically Lining Up for Free Verse 953 Writing Assignment 953 Further Suggestions For Writing 954 23 Symbol 955 T.S. Eliot, The Boston Evening Transcript 951 Emily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow Fork 957 Thomas Hardy, Neutral Tones 959 Matthew 13: 24-30, The Parable of the Good Seed 960 George Herbert, The Word 960 John Ciardi, Most Like an Arch This Marriage 961 Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken 962 Christina Rossetti, Uphill 963 Gjertrud Schnackenberg, Supernatural Love 963 For Review and Further Study 965 Robinson Jeffers, The Beaks of Eagles 965 Sara Teasdale, The Flight 966 William Carlos Williams, The Term 967 Ted Kooser, Carrie 968 Rafael Campo, What the Body Told 968 John Stallworthy, An Evening Walk 969 Lorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can cover 970 Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar 970 Writer's Perspective William Butler Yeats On Writing, Poetic Symbols 971 Writing Critically How to Read a Symbol 972 Writing Assignment 972 Further Suggestions For Writing 973 24 Myth and Narrative 974 Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay 976 D. H. Lawrence, Bavarian Gentians 977 Thomas Hardy, The Oxen 977 William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with Us 978 H. D., Helen 979 Archetype 979 Louise Bogan, Medusa 980 Personal Myth 981 William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming 982 Jenathan Helden, The Names of the Rapids 983 James Dickey, The Heaven of Animals 984 Diane Thiel, Memento Mori in Middle School 985 Myth and Popular Culture 987 Charles Martin, Taken Up 988 A. D. Hope, Imperial Adam 989 Anne Sexton, Cinderella 990 Writer's Perspective Anne Sexton on Writing, Transforming Fairy Tales 994 Writing Critically Demystifying Myth 995 Writing Assignment 996 Student Essay The Bonds Between Love and Hatred In H. D.'S "Helen" 997 Further Suggestions For Writing 1001 25 Poetry and Personal Identity 1002 Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus 1003 Julia Alvarez, The women on my mother's side were known 1006 Culture, Race, and Ethnicity 1007 Claude Mckay, America 1007 Rhina Espaillat, Bilingual/Bilinge 1008 Samuel Menashe, The Shrine Whose Shape I Am 1010 Francisco X. Alarcùn, The X in My Name 1010 Wendy Rose, For the White Poets Who Would Be Indian 1011 Shermin Alexie, Indian Boy Love Song (A1) 1012 Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It 1012 Gender 1013 Anne Stevenson, Sous-Entendu 1014 Emily Grosholz, Listening 1014 Donald Justice, Men at Forty 1015 Adrienne Rich, Women 1016 For Review and Further Study 1016 Shirley Geok-Lin Lim, Learning To Love America 1016 Andrew Hudgins, Elegy for My Father, Who Is Not Dead 1017 Judith Ortiz Cofer, Quinceaûera 1018 Alastair Reid, Speaking a Foreign Language 1019 Philip Larkin, Aubade 1019 Writer's Perspective Rhina Espaillat, Being a Bilingual Writer 1021 Writing Critically Poetic Voice and Personal Identity 1022 Writing Assignment 1023 Further Suggestions For Writing 1023 26 Translation 1024 Is Poetic Translation Possible? 1024 Rainier Maria Ri??ke, Einban?? Raiging Macia Rilke, Translated by Dana Gjoja, Entrance 1025 World Poetry 1025 Li Po, Drinking Alone Beneath the Moon (Chinese text) 1026 Li Po, Yueh Hsia Tu Cho, Moon-beneath Alone Drink(literal translation) 1027 Li Po, translated by Arthur Waley, Drinking Alone by Moonlight 1027 Horace, Odes I (11) (Carpa Dien) 1028 Horace, translated by Edwin Arlington Robinson, James Michie, A. E. Stallings, Odes I 1027-1030 Omar Khayyam, Rubai 1031 Omar Khayyam, translated by Edward FitzGerald, Robert Graves and Omar Ali-Shah, Dick Davis, Rubai 1031 Parody 1032 Anonymous, We four lads from Liverpool are 1033 Wendy Cope, A Nursery Rhyme (as it might hare been written by william ??) 1034 Hugh Kingsmill, What, still alive at twenty-two? 1034 Bruce Bennett, The Lady Speaks Again 1035 Gene Fehler, If Richard Lovelace Became a Free Agent 1035 Aaron Abeyta, thirteen ways of looking at a tortilla 1036 Writer's Perspective Arthu?? Waley on Writing, The Method of Translation 1038 Writing Critically Parody Is the Sincerest Form of Flattery 1039 Writing Assignment 1039 Further Suggestions For Writing 1040 27 Critical Casebook: Latin American Poetry 1041 Sor Juana 1043 Asegura la Confianza de que Oculturç de todo un Secreto 1044 Translated by Diane Thiel, She Promises to Hold a Secret in Confidence 1044 Presente en que el Cariûo Hace Regalo la Llaneza 1044 Translated by Diane Thiel, A Simple Gift Made Rich by Affection 1044 Pablo Neruda 1045 Muchos Somos 1046 Translated by Alastair Reid, We Are Many 1046 Cien Sonetos de Amor (V) 1047 Translated by Stephen Tapscott, One Hundred Love Sonnets (V) 1048 Jorge Luis Borges 1049 Amorosa Anticipaciùn 1050 Translated by Roibert Fitzgerald, Anticipation of Love 1050 Los Engimas 1051 Translated by John Updike, The Enigmas 1051 Octavio Paz 1052 Con los Ojos Cerrados 1053 Translated by John Felstiner, With Our Eyes Shut 1053 Certeza 1053 Translated by Charles Tomlinson, Certainty 1053 Surrealism in Latin American Poetry 1053 Frida Kahlo, Two Tiedas 1055 CÄsar Vallejo, La Cùlera que Quiebra al Hombore en Niûos 1055 CÄsar Vallejo, Translated by Thomas Merton, Anger 1055 Olga Orozco, La Realidad y el Deseo 1056 Olga Orozco, Translated by Stephen Tapscott, Reality and Desire 1056 For Review and Further Study 1058 Alfonsina Storni, Peso Ancestral 1058 Alfonsina Stoni, Translated by Diane Thiel, Ancestral Burden 1058 JosÄ Emilio Pacheco, Alta Traiciùn 1058 JosÄ Emilio Pacheco, Translated by Alastair Reid, High Treason 1058 Latin American Poets on Poetry So Juana, La Respuesta (Response) 1059 Pablo Neruda, Towards the Splendid City 1060 Jorge Luis Borges, The Riddle of Poetry 1060 Octavio Paz, In Search of the Present 1061 Critics on Latin American Poetry Stephanie Merrim, Endgames: Sor Juana InÄs de la Cruz 1062 Alastair Reid, Translating Neruda 1063 Emir Rodriguez Monegal, Borges and Paz 1063 Suggestions for Writing 1065 28 Recognizing Excellence 1066 Anonymous, O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful face 1068 Grace Treasone, Life 1068 Emily Dickinson, A Dying Tiger-moaned for Drink 1069 Rod McKuen, Thoughts on Capital Punishment 1072 William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark 1072 Wallace McRae, Reincarnation 1073 Recognizing Excellence 1075 William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium 1075 Arthur Guiterman, On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness 1078 Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias 1078 Robert Hayden, The Whipping 1079 Elizabeth Bishop, One Art 1080 ?? Auden, September 1, 1081 Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain! 1084 Carl Sandburg, Fog 1086 Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus 1087 Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee 1087 Writer's Perspective Edgar Allan Poe on Writing, A Long Poem Does Not Exist 1089 Writing Critically How to Begin Evaluating a Poem 1089 Writing Assignment 1090 Further Suggestions For Writing 1091 29 What Is Poetry? 1092 Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica 1092 Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, J. V. Cunningham, Elizabeth Bishop, Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio Paz, William Stafford, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Bly, Some Definitions of Poetry 1093-1094 Ha Jin, Missed Time 1096 30 Two Critical Casebooks: Emily Dickinson and Langston Hughes 1097 Emily Dickinson 1097 Poems Success is counted sweetest 1098 Wild Nights - Wild Nights! 1098 Therezs a Certain Slant of Light 1099 I Felt a Funeral, in my Brain 1099 I'm Nobody! Who are you? 1100 The Soul selects her own Society 1100 Some keep the Sabbath going to Church 1100 After great pain, a formal feeling comes 1101 This is my letter to the World 1101 I heard a Fly buzz - when I died 1102 I started Early - Took my Dog 1102 Because I could not stop for Death 1103 The bustle in a House 1104 Tell all the Truth but tell it slant 1104 Emily Dickinson on Emily Dickinson Recognizing Poetry 1105 Self-Description 1106 Critics on Emily Dickinson Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Meeting Emily Dickinson 1108 Thomas H. Johnson, The Discovery of Emily Dickinson's Manuscripts 1109 Richard Wilbur, The Three Privations of Emily Dickinson 1111 Cynthia Griffin Wolff, Dickinson and Death (A Reading of "Because I could not stop for Death") 1112 Judith Farr, A Reading of "My Life had stood-a Loaded Gun" 1114 Langston Hughes 1116 Poems The Negro Speaks of Rivers 1117 Mother to Son 1117 Dream Variations 1118 I, Too 1118 The Weary Blues 1119 Song for a Dark Girl 1120 Desire Prayer 1120 End Island 1121 Battle of the Landlord 1121 Theme for English B 1122 Subway Rush Hour 1123 Sliver 1123 Harlem [Dream Deferred] 1124 Langston Hughes on Langston Hughes The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain 1125 The Harlem Renaissance 1126 Critics on Langston Hughes Arnold Rampersad, Hughes as an Experimentalist 1128 Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson, Langston Hughes and Harlem 1129 Darryl Pinckney, Black Identity in Langston Hughes 1131 Peter Townsend, Langston Hughes and Jazz 1132 Onwuchekwa Jemie, A Reading of "Dream Deferred" 1132 For Further Reading 1136 Suggestions for Writing 1136 31 Poems for Further Reading 1137 Anonymous, Load Randall 1138 Anonymous, The Three Ravens 1139 Anonymous, The Twa Corbies 1140 Anonymous, Western Wind 1140 Anonymous, Last Words of the Prophet 1141 Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach 1141 John Ashbery, At North Farm 1142 Margaret Atwood, Romantic 1143 W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening 1144 W. H. Auden, MusÄe des Beaux Arts 1146 Elizabeth Bishop, Filling Station 1147 William Blake, The Tyger 1149 William Blake, The Sick Rose 1150 Eavan Boland, Anorexic 1151 Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother 1152 Gwendolyn Brooks, The Preacher Runi??: Behind the sermon 1153 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways 1154 Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister 1154 Geoffrey Chaucer, Merciless Beauty 1157 G. K. Chesterton, The Donkey 1157 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan 1158 Billy Collins, Care and Feeding 1159 Hart Crane, My Grandmother's Love Letters 1160 E. E. Cummings, somewhere i have never travelled, gladly beyond 1161 John Donne, Death be not proud 1162 John Donne, The Flea 1163 John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning 1164 Rita Dove, Summit Beach 1165 John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. Oldham 1166 T.S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi 1167 T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock 1169 Louise Erdrich, Indian Boarding School: The Runaways 1173 Bohd Fairchild, A Starli??t Night 1174 Robert Frost, Birches 1175 Robert Frost, Mending Wall 1176 Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening 1177 Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California 1178 Dana Gioia, California Hills in August 1179 Thom Gunn, The Man with Night Sweats 1180 Donald Hall, Names of Horses 1181 Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain 1182 Thomas Hardy, The Darkling Thrush 1183 Thomas Hardy, Hap 1184 Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays 1185 Seamus Heaney, Digging 1186 Seamus Heaney, Mother of the Groom 1187 Anthony Hecht, Adam 1188 George Herbert, Love 1190 Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time 1191 Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall 1191 Gerard Manley Hopkins, No worst, there is nine 1192 Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover 1193 A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now 1193 A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young 1194 Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner 1195 Robinson Jeffers, To the Stone-cutters 1196 Ben Jonson, On My First Son 1196 Donald Justice, Counting the Mad 1197 John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn 1197 John Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's Homer 1199 John Keats, When I have fears that I may cease to be 1200 John Keats, To Autumn 1201 Philip Larkin, Home is so Sad 1202 Philip Larkin, Poetry of Departures 1203 Irving Layton, The Bull Calf 1204 Philip Levine, They Feed Trey Lion 1205 Adrian Louis, Looking For Judas 1206 Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour 1206 Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress 1208 James Merrill, Kite Poem 1209 Charlotte Mew, The Farmer's Bride 1200 Edna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo 1211 John Milton, How soon hath time 1212 John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent 1212 Marianne Moore, Poetry 1213 Frederick Morgan, The Master 1214 Marilyn Nelson, A Strange Beautiful Woman 1215 Howard Nemerov, The War in the Air 1216 Lorine Niedecker, Sorrow Moves in Wide Waves 1217 Yone Noguchi, A Selection of Hokku 1218 Sharon Olds, The One Girl at the Boys' Party 1219 Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth 1220 Linda Pastan, Ethics 1220 Robert Phillips, Running on Empty 1221 Sylvia Plath, Daddy 1222 Edgar Allan Poe, A Dream within a Dream 1225 Alexander Pope, A little Learning is a dang'rous Thing 1226 Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: a Letter 1226 Dudley Randall, A Different Image 1228 John Crowe Ransom, Piazza Piece 1229 Henry Reed, Naming of Parts 1229 Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin 1230 Adrienne Rich, Power 1231 Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy 1232 Theodore Roethke, Elegy for Jane 1233 Mary Jo Salter, Welcome to Hiroshima 1234 William Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes 1236 William Shakespeare, Not marble nor the gilded monuments 1237 William Shakespeare, Weary with toll, I Haste me to my bed 1237 William Shakespeare, That time of year thou mayst in me behold 1238 William Shakespeare, My Mistress eyes are nothing like the sun 1238 Louis Simpson, American Poetry 1239 David R. Slavitt, Titanic 1239 Christopher Smart, For I will consider my Cat Jeoffry 1240 William Jay Smith, American Primitive 1242 Cathy Song, Stamp Collecting 1243 William Stafford, The Farm on the Great Plains 1244 Wallace Stevens, Peter Quince at the Clavier 1245 Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream 1247 Ruth Stone, Second Hand Coat 1248 Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning 1248 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Dark house, by which once more I stand 1248 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses 1250 Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill 1252 John Updike, Ex-Basketball Player 1253 Amy Uyematsu, The Ten Million Flames of los Angeles 1255 Derek Walcott, The Virgins 1257 Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose 1258 Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider 1258 Walt Whitman, I Hear America Singing 1259 Richard Wilbur, The Writer 1260 C. K. Williams, Elms 1261 William Carlos Williams, Spring and All 1261 William Carlos Williams, To Waken an Old Lady 1262 William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge 1263 James Wright, A Blessing 1264 James Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio 265 Mary Sidney Wroth, In this strange labyrinth 1265 Sir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me that sometime did me sekæ 1266 William Butler Yeats, Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop 1267 William Butler Yeats, The Magi 1267 William Butler Yeats, When You Are Old 1267 32 Lives of the Poets 1269 Drama 1317 33 Reading a Play 1321 A Play in Its Elements 1323 Susan Glaspell, Trifles 1323 Was Minnie Wright to blame for the death of her husband? While the menfolk try to unravel a mystery, two women in the kitchen turn up revealing clues. Tragedy 1338 John Millington Synge, Riders to the Sea 1339 From her island home off the west coast of Ireland, Maurya has already lost seven loved ones to the sea. How can she stop her youngest son from venturing forth? Comedy 1349 David Ives, Sure Thing 1351 Bill wants to pick up Betty in a cafe, but he makes every mistake in the book. Luckily, he not only gets a second chance, but a third and a fourth as well. Jare Martin, Beauty We've all wanted to be someone else at one time or another. But what would happen if we got our wish? Writer's Perspective Susan Glaspell on Drama, Creating Trifles 1367 Writing Critically Conflict Resolution 1368 Writing Assignment 1369 Student Essay Outside Trifles 1369 Further Suggestions for Writing 1374 34 Critical Casebook: Sophocles 1375 The Theater of Sophocles 1375 Staging 1375 The Civic Role of Greek Drama 1379 Aristotle's Concept of Tragedy 1380 Sophocles 1382 Plays The Origins of Oedipus the King 1382 Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Translated by ?? Fagles) 1383 "Who is the man proclaimed / by Delphi's prophetic rock / as the bloody handed murderer, / the doer of deeds that none dare name? / . . . Terribly close on his heels are the Fates that never miss." The Background of AntigonÉ 1424 Sophocles, AntigonÉ (Translated by Richart Fagles) 1425 In one of the great plays of classical Greek drama, a daughter of Oedipus strives to give the body of her slain brother a proper burial. Soon she finds herself in conflict with a king. Robert Fitzgerald on Sophocles Robert Fitzgerald, Translating Sophocles 1456 Critics on Sophocles Aristotle, Defining Tragedy 1457 Sigmund Freud, The Destiny of Oedipus 1458 E. R. Dodds, On Misunderstanding Oedipus 1459 A. E. Haigh, The Irony of Sophocles 1460 Patricia M. Lines, AntigonÉ's Flaw 1462 Writing Critically Some Things Change, Some Things Don't 1464 Writing Assignment 1465 Further Suggestions For Writing 1465 35 Critical Casebook: Shakespeare 1466 The Theater of Shakespeare 1466 William Shakespeare 1468 Plays A Note on Othello 1468 William Shakespeare, Othello, the Moor of Venice 1469 Here is a story of jealousy, that "green-eyed monster which doth mock / The meat it feeds on"-of a passionate, suspicious man and his blameless wife, of a serpent masked as a friend. The Background of Hamlet 1568 William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark 1569 In perhaps the most celebrated play in English, a ghost demands that young Prince Hamlet avenge his father's "most foul and unnatural murder." But how can Hamlet be sure that the apparition is indeed his father's spirit? The Background of A Midsummer Night's Dream 1682 William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream 1683 "The course of true love never did run smooth" is the right motto for this romantic comedy in which love, magic, and mistaken identity combine for madcap results. Ben Jonson on Shakespeare Ben Jonson, On His Friend and Rival William Shakespeare 1742 Critics on Shakespeare A. C. Bradley, Hamlet's Melancholy 1743 Rebecca West, Hamlet and Ophelia 1744 Jan Kott, Producing Hamlet 1745 Joel Wingard, Reader-Response Issues in Hamlet 1747 W. H. Auden, Iago as a Triumphant Villain 1748 Maud Bodkin, Lucifer in Shakespeare's Othello 1749 Virginia Mason Vaughan, Black and White in Othello 1749 Anthony Burgess, An Asian Culture Looks at Shakespeare 1750 John Russell Brown, Recognizing Love in A Midsummer Night's Dream 1751 Germaine Greece, Shakespeareis "Honest Mirth" Linda Bamber, Female Power in A Midsummer Night's Dream 1754 Writing Critically Breaking the Language Barrier 1755 Writing Assignment 1755 Student Essay Othello: Tragedy or Soap Opera? 1756 Further Suggestions For Writing 1761 36 The Modern Theater 1762 Realism and Naturalism 1762 Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House (Translated by James McFarlane) 1765 The founder of modern drama portrays a troubled marriage. Helmer, the bank manager, regards his wife Nora as a chuckleheaded pet-not knowing the truth may shatter his smug world. Writer's Perspective George Bernard Shaw on Drama, Ibsen and the Familiar Situation 1822 Tragicomedy and the Absurd 1823 Tom Stoppard, The Real Inspector Hound 1826 An isolated mansion, an escaped madman roaming the countryside, a drawing room full of suspects, and murder most foul. Who is the culprit? Perhaps Moon should never have asked. Milcha Sanchez-Scatt, The Cuban Swimmer 2023 Nineteen-year-old Margarita Sudrez wants to ?? a Southern California distance swimming race. Is her family behind her? Quire biterally! Writer's Perspective Milcha Sanchez-Scott on Drama, Writing The Cuban Swimmer 2037 Writing Critically What's So Realistic About Realism? 1867 Writing Assignment 1867 Student Essay Helmer vs. Helmer 1868 Further Suggestions For Writing 1871 37 Evaluating a Play 1872 Writing Critically Critical Performance 1873 Writing Assignment 1874 Further Suggestions For Writing 1874 38 Plays for Further Reading 1876 Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman 1877 Willy Loman has bright dreams for himself and his two sons, but he is an aging salesman whose only assets are a shoeshine and a smile. A modern classic about the downfall of an ordinary American. Writer's Perspective Arthur Miller on Drama, Tragedy and the Common Man 1948 Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie 1951 Painfully shy and retiring, shunning love, Laura dwells in a world as fragile as her collection of tiny figurines-until one memorable night a gentleman comes to call. Writer's Perspective Tennessee Williams on Drama, How to Stage The Glass Menagerie 2000 39 New Voices in American Drama 2003 Beth Henley, Am I Blue Writer's Per Spective Beth Henley, A Playwright Is Born His friends want to give John Polk a good time for his eighteenth birthday, but he finds something much more valuable instead. David Henry Hwang, The Sound of a Voice 2003 A strange man arrives at a solitary woman's home in the remote countryside. As they fall in love, they discover disturbing secrets about one another's past. Writer's Perspective David Henry Hwang on Drama, Multicultural Theater 2018 Terrence McNally, Andre's Mother 2019 After Andre's funeral the four people who loved him most walk into Central Park together. Three of them talk about their grief, but Andre's mother remains silent about her son, dead of AIDS. Writer's Perspective Terrence McNally on Drama, How to Write a Play 2022 August Wilson, Joe Turner's Come and Gone 2038 When Herald Loomis turns up at Seth Holly's boardinghouse, he arouses suspicion. And why is the voodoo man out in the garden burying a pigeon and praying over its blood? Writer's Perspective August Wilson on Drama, Black Experience in America 2087 Writing 2089 40 Writing About Literature 2091 Beginning 2091 Keeping a Journal Using Sources and Maintaining Academic Integrity Taking Notes and Documenting Researched Material Discovering Essay Ideas Drafting and Revising, or Creativity vs. Analysis The Form of Your Finished Paper Using Spell-Check and Grammer-Check Programs Anonymous, after a poem by Jerrold H. Zar, A Little Poem Regarding Computer S?? heckers 41 Writing About a Story 2116 Explicating 2116 Sample Student Essay (Explication) 2117 Analyzing 2121 Sample Student Essay (Analysis) 2122 Sample Student Card Report 2126 Comparing and Contrasting 2128 Suggestions for Writing 2130 42 Writing About a Poem 2134 Explicating 2135 Robert Frost, Design 2136 Sample Student Essay (Explication) 2136 Analyzing 2141 Sample Student Essay (Analysis) 2142 Comparing and Contrasting 2144 Abbie Huston Evans, Wing-Spread 2144 Sample Student Essay (Comparison) 2145 How to Quote a Poem 2147 Before You Begin 2150 Suggestions for Writing 2151 Robert Frost, In White (early draft of "Design") 2153 43 Writing About a Play 2155 Methods 2155 How to Quote a Play 2157 Writing a Card Report 2158 Sample Student Card Report 2160 Reviewing a Play 2162 Sample Student Drama Review 2163 Suggestions for Writing 2165 44 Writing a Research Paper Doing Research for an Essay Evaluating and Using Internet Sources Guarding Academic Integrity Acknowledging and Documenting Sources Concluding Thoughts Reference Guide for Citations 45 Critical Approaches to Literature 2168 Formalist Criticism 2169 Cleanth Brooks, The Formalist Critic 2170 Michael Clark, Light and Darkness in "Sonny's Blues" 2171 Robert Langbaum, On Robert Browning's "My Last Duchess" 2172 Biographical Criticism 2174 Virginia Llewellyn Smith, Chekhov's Attitude to Romantic Love 2175 Brett C. Millier, On Elizabeth Bishop's "One Art" 2177 Emily Toth, The Source for AlcÄe LaballiÅre in "The Storm" Historical Criticism 2180 Hugh Kenner, Imagism 2181 Joseph Moldenhauer, "To His Coy Mistress" and the Renaissance Tradition 2182 Barbara T. Christian, "Everyday use" and the Black Power Movement Psychological Criticism 2185 Sigmund Freud, The Nature of Dreams 2186 Gfetchen Sa??uiz and R. T. R. Rockwood, Fairy Jale Motifs in "Where Are You Gazy, Where Have You Been?" Harold Bloom, Poetic Influence 2189 Mythological Criticism 2189 C. J. Jung, The Collective Unconscious and Archetypes 2190 Northrop Frye, Mythic Archetypes 2191 Edmond Volpe, Myth in Faulkner's "Barn Burning" 2192 Sociological Criticism 2194 Georg Lukacs, Content Determines Form 2195 Daniel P. Watkins, Money and Labor in "The Rocking-Horse Winner" 2196 Alfred Kazin, Walt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln 2197 Gender Criticism 2198 Elaine Showalter, Toward a Feminist Poetics 2199 Juliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in "The Yellow Wallpaper" 2200 Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Freedom of Emily Dickinson 2201 Reader-Response Criticism 2202 Stanley Fish, An Eskimo "A Rose for Emily" 2203 Robert Scholes, "How Do We Make a Poem?" 2204 Michael J. Colacurcio, The End of Young Goodman Brown 2206 Deconstructionist Criticism 2207 Roland Barthes, The Death of the Author 2208 Barbara Johnson, Rigorous Unreliability 2209 Geoffrey Hartman, On Wordsworth's "A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal" 2210 Cultural Studies 2212 Vincent b. Leitch, Poststructuralist Cultural Critique 2214 Mark Bauerlein, What is Cultural Studies? 2215 Heather Glen, The Stance of Observation in William Blake's "London" 2216 Glossary of Literary Terms G1 Acknowledgments A1 Index of First Lines of Poetry I8 Index of Authors and Titles I13 List of Authors (front endpapers) Index of Literary Terms (back endpapers)
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Literature Collections