Table of contents for Beyond the beginnings : literacy interventions for upper elementary English language learners / Angela Carrasquillo, Stephen B. Kucer, and Ruth Abrams.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction		
1	English Language Learners in United States' Schools	
	Introduction	
Diversity within the English Language Learners' School Population 
The "Typical" ELL Student
ELLs in All-English Classrooms
Are All ELLs Identified?	
Challenges of English Language Learners in Meeting School 
Academic Standards
Linguistic and Academic Demands	
Language Assistance Programs
Bilingual Education Programs	
English as a Second Language Programs
Sources of Funding for English Language Development 
Programs for ELLs 
"Struggling" English Language Learners
Conclusion	
2	English Literacy Development and English Language Learners: A 
Theoretical Overview	
Introduction	
The Nature of First Language Literacy and Its Development	
The Psycholinguistic Dimension of Literacy	
The Cognitive-Interactive Dimension of Literacy	
The Sociocultural Dimension of Literacy	
The Nature of Second Language Acquisition		
Comprehensible Input and the Affective Filter
Interpersonal and Academic Language	
Issues Involved in Planning Instruction for English Language 
Learners	
Conclusion	
3	Moving Beyond the Transition: Struggling English Literacy Learners in 
the Regular/Mainstream Classroom	
Introduction	
Varied Backgrounds, Varied Abilities, and Varied Needs	
Monolingual and Bilingual Literacy Learners: Something Old, 
Something New, Something Borrowed . . .	
Emergent, Transitional, and Developmental Issues for English 
Literacy Learners	
Literacy Demands in the Upper Elementary Grades	
Conclusion	
4	Instructional Writing Strategies for Struggling English Language 
Learners	
Introduction	
Mediating and Scaffolding Writing Development	
Teacher Writing
Shared Writing	
Choral Writing	
Guided Writing	
Paired Writing	
Independent Writing	
Writing in the Disciplines: Moving Beyond Personal Experiences 
and Narratives
Helping Students Organize Text Structures
Helping Students Organize Text Meanings
Conclusion	
5	Instructional Practices to Promote Reading Development in English 
Language Learners	
Introduction
Instructional Frameworks to Scaffold English Language Learners' 
Reading Development	
Reading Aloud
Shared Reading
Guided Reading
Paired Reading
Making Use of Reading Strategies to Construct Meaning
Visualization
Monitoring
Inferencing and Predicting	
Identifying Important Information	
Generating and Answering Questions	
Summarizing	
Instructional Strategies to Facilitate English Language Learners' 
Construction of Meaning
Helping ELLs to Activate and Develop Prior Knowledge
Knowledge about Text Structures and Text Content
Strategies to Foster Independence in Activating Prior Knowledge
Supporting English Language Learners' Vocabulary Instruction
Vocabulary Instructional Strategies
Questioning That Supports Comprehension
Use of Native Language Knowledge in English Reading
Conclusion	
6	English Literacy Across the Curriculum
Introduction
Integration of Language and Content
Content Learning	
Social Studies: Learning Challenges and Instructional Modifications	
Learning Challenges
Instructional Modifications
Science: Learning Challenges and Instructional Modifications
Learning Challenges
Instructional Modifications
Mathematics: Learning Challenges and Instructional Modifications
Learning Challenges
The Language of Mathematics
Instructional Recommendations
Conclusion	
7	A Framework for the Assessment of English Literacy Among Struggling 
English Language Learners
Introduction
The Assessment of English Language Learners	
Assessment of Literacy for Instructional Purposes	
A Profile of ELLs' English Language Proficiency and Development
Assessing ELLs' Academic Oral Language Development
Assessing Reading Development and Proficiency
Assessing Academic Writing Development and Proficiency
Monitoring Writing Progress Through a Portfolio
Using Standardized Test Data to Inform Instruction
Factors to Consider in Evaluating ELLs Achievement Through 
Standardized Assessment
Using Standardized Tests Results with ELLs
Conclusion	
8 Developing Collaborative Literacy Relationships With Parents	
Introduction
Parents' Influence on Children's Literacy Development and 
Achievement	
Parents' Barriers to Effective School Involvement	
Strategies for Parents' Involvement in their Children's Education
Improving Parents' Involvement Through Family Literacy 
Programs
Conclusion	
Resources for Teachers of ELL Students
References	
Author Index	
Subject Index	




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