Table of contents for Genetically modified crops : their development, uses, and risks / G.H. Liang, D.Z. Skinner, editors.

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i About the Editors 
vii Contributors 
xi Preface 
Chapter 1. Transformation--A Powerful Tool 
for Crop Improvement 
D. Z. Skinner 
S. Muthukrishnan 
G. H. Liang 
Incorporation of Transgenes into Crops 
Methodology of Producing Transgenic Plants 
Confirmation of Putative Transgenic Plants 
and Transformation Efficiency 
Crop Species Amenable to Transformation 
Current and Future Transgenic Crops 
Food Safety and Risk Analysis 
Chapter 2. Mechanism(s) of Transgene Locus Formation 17 
David A. Somers 
Paula M. Olhoft 
Irina F. Makarevitch 
Sergei K. Svitashev 
Plant Genetic Engineering Systems 
Transgene Loci 
Mechanisms for Transgene Locus Formation 
Chapter 3. Gene Stacking Through Site-Specific 
David W. Ow
Heterologous Site-Specific Recombination Systems 
Targeting via Cre-lox 
Targeting via FLP-FRT 
Expression of Targeted Transgenes 
Prospects for Gene Stacking 
C31 Site-Specific Recombination System 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 4. Transgenics of Plant Hormones and Their 
Potential Application in Horticultural Crops 
Yi Li, Hui Duan 
Yan H. Wu 
Richard J. McAvoy 
Yan Pei 
Degang Zhao 
John Wurst 
Qi Li, Keming Luo 
Abscisic Acid 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 5. Avidin--An Egg-Citing Insecticidal Protein 
in Transgenic Corn 
Karl J. Kramer 
Mechanism of Action 
History of Commercialization 
Demonstration of Host Plant Resistance and Spectrum 
of Activity 
Male Sterility and Nonuniform Expression 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 6. Genetic Engineering of Wheat: Protocols 
and Use to Enhance Stress Tolerance 
Tom Clemente 
Amitara Mitra 
Selection and Visual Marker Genes for Transformation 
Future Needs for Wheat Transformation 
Potential Transgenes for Resistance to Pathogens 
Fungal Protection Approaches 
Genetic Engineering for Control of Insect Pests 
Potential Transgenes for Enhanced Tolerance Toward 
Abiotic Stress 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 7. Development and Utilization 
of Transformation in Medicago species 161 
Deborah A. Samac 
Stephen J. Temple 
Plant Regeneration 
Plant Transformation 
Promoters for Constitutive and Tissue-Specific 
Expression of Transgenes in Medicago 
Utilization of Transformation for Crop Improvement 
Development of Roundup Ready Alfalfa: A Case Study 
Chapter 8. Sorghum Transformation for Resistance 
to Fungal Pathogens and Drought 
S. Muthukrishnan 
J. T. Weeks 
M. R. Tuinstra 
J. M. Jeoung 
J. Jayaraj 
G. H. Liang 
Constraints to Sorghum Transformation 
Sorghum Tissue Culture
Transformation Methods 
Transgenic Sorghum Plants with Increased Stress 
Utilizing Transgenic Sorghums for Crop Improvement 
Chapter 9. Rice Transformation: Current Progress 
and Future Prospects 
James Oard 
Junda Jiang 
Production of U.S. Transgenic Rice Lines 
and Field Evaluation of Herbicide Resistance 
New Rice Polyubiquitin Promoter and Potential 
for Enhanced Transgene Expression 
Transgene Delivery and Expression Studies 
Transgenic Advances in Pest and Stress Tolerance 
Novel Methods of Gene Transfer for Rice 
Chapter 10. Cotton Transformation: Success 
and Challenges 
Roberta H. Smith 
James W. Smith 
Sung Hun Park 
Development of Cotton Transformation Technology 
Insect- and Herbicide-Resistant Cotton 
Commercial Use of Genetically Engineered Cotton 
Chapter 11. Progress in Transforming the Recalcitrant 
Jack M. Widholm 
Organogenic Systems 
New Transformation Method Possibilities 
and Improvements 
Chapter 12. Progress in Vegetable Crop Transformation 
and Future Prospects and Challenges 
Zamir K. Punja 
Mistianne Feeney 
Transformation Technologies Used for Vegetable Crops 
Stress-Resistant Vegetable Crops 
Improvement of Horticultural Traits Through Genetic 
Issues to be Addressed 
Future Prospects 
Chapter 13. Genetic Transformation of Turfgrass 311 
Barbara A. Zilinskas 
Xiaoling Wang 
Regenerable Tissue Culture Prerequisite 
Transformation Systems 
Development of Value-Added Transgenic Turfgrass 
Future Prospects 
Chapter 14. Risks Associated with Genetically 
Engineered Crops 
Paul St. Amand 
Risks versus Benefits 
Legal Risks 
Risks to Humans 
Risks to the Environment 
The Unexpected

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Transgenic plants, Crops Genetic engineering