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Index of
The Wolf by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and Slavery

by
John Chester Miller


© c1991 University Press of Virginia

Reproduced 2001 with permission of the publisher

Sources cited   |   Table of Contents   |  Catalog record and links to related information from the Library of Congress catalog
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Index

A Act of 1782, 21-22, 36 Adams, Abigail, 45, 157, 16o-161, 163, 185 Adams, John, 112, 151, 157, 182, 183, 276 Declaration of Independence and, 8, 9n on national character, 94-95 presidential election (1796) , 78 St. Domingo, 134 Adams, John Quincy, 155 Addison, Joseph, 181n Address on the Slavery of the Negroes in America, An (Rush), 74 Agriculture, 79-84 Alabama, 28, 29, 125, 214, 224, 240 242 Alien and Sedition Acts, 88, 152, 197: 216, 230 American Colonization Society, 264-266, 270 American Convention of Abolition Societies, 120 American Indians, 64-73, 145, 180, 182n American Philosophical Society, 255 Annius, Quintus, 50 Arendt, Hannah, 53 Articles of Confederation, 19, 28, 213 Autobiography of Thomas Jefferson The (Jefferson), 278 B Bacon, Sir Francis, 52, 176 Banneker, Benjamin, 75, 76-78 Barbé-Marbois, Duc de, 38 Barlow, Joel, 142 Beccaria, Cesare Bonesana di, 20 Beckley, John, 149 Benezet, Anthony, 13-14, 56 Berlin, Sir Isaiah, 3 Beverly, Robert, 16n Bingham, Anne, 184 Black Code, 144 Black Laws, 129 Blacks: see also Free blacks; Slavery discrimination against, 273 education, 255-257 intellectuals, 74-78 mulattoes, 5, 6, 21, 77, 247-248 as soldiers, 23-24 Blackstone, Sir William, 199 262 Bland, Richard, 5, 22 Bolingbroke, Lord, 178 Bonaparte, Napoleon, 134-141 Bonnet, Charles, 54 Boucher, Jonathan, 256n Boyer, Jean Pierre, 272 Brainwashing, 50 Brannagan, Thomas, 131 Brillon, Madame, 18o Brodie, Fawn, 156-157, 165n, 168, 172n, 175n, 193, 204n, 207n Buffon, Comte George Louis Leclerc de, 53n, 54, 68, 69 Burke, Edmund, 11, 40-41 Burnett, James (Lord Monboddo), 54 Burr, Aaron, 123, 222 Burwell, Rebecca, 177, 184 Byrd, William, II, 204n C Calhoun, John C., 249 Callender, James, 148-160, 169, 171 195, 200 Calvin, John, 44 Carleton, Sir Guy, 111 Carlyle, Thomas, 58 Carr, Dabney, 169 Carr, Martha Jefferson, 169, 193 Carr, Peter, 169-171, 174, 175n Carr, Samuel, 169-171, 174, 175 Carter, Landon, 62 Chase, Samuel, 212 Chastellux, Marquis de, 30 Cherokee Indians, 72, 73 Chesterfield, Lord, 99, 189 Chickasaw Indians, 72 Child labor, 108 Chimpanzee, 54 Choctaw Indians, 72 Church, Angelica Schuyler, 190-193 Cicero, 50, 66 Cities, 85-87 Clark, George Rogers, 23 Clark, William, 72 Clay, Henry, 210, 214, 239, 246, 265 Clement VIII, Pope, 53n Clinton, De Witt, 225, 227, 243 ' Clinton, Sir George, 23 Code Noir, 144 Cohen v. Virginia (1821), 215 Coles, Edward, 169, 205-208 Commentaries on the Laws of England (Blackstone), 262 Common Sense (Paine), 16 Concurrent majorities, doctrine of, 223 Condorcet, Marquis de, 76, l00 Connecticut, 30, 223 Constitution Construed, The (Taylor), 261 Constitution of the United States, 28 213-216, 221-222, 229 Continental Congress, 8, 11, 12, 17 26-27 Convention of 1800 134 Cook, James, 70 Coolidge, Ellen Randolph, 170 Corny, Madame de, 184 Cornwallis, Lord, 23, 25 Cosway, Maria, 185-193 Cosway, Richard, 185-187, 189, 190 Cotton gin, 125 Credit, 33, 34, 109 Creek Indians, 66, 72 Crèvecoeur, St. John, l00 Criminal law, 20 Cuba, 224 Cuffee, Paul, 75 D Davis, John, 49, 56 Death penalty, 20 Declaration of Independence, 7-17, 229, 277, 278 Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, The (Gibbon), 49-50, 91 Defoe, Daniel, 271n Delaware, 22, 120 Democratic Manners of the Americans, The (Trollope, Frances), 155 Dessalines, Jean Jacques, 139 Destutt de Tracy, Antoine Louis Claude, 180 Deux Ponts, Duchesse de, 180 Dexter, Samuel, 122-123 Dialogue Between the Head and the Heart, A (Jefferson), 187-188 Diderot, Denis, 52, 178 Diffusionist theory, 234242 Discourses on the Origin and Foundation of Inequality Among Men (Rousseau) , 54 Dissertation on Slavery, A (Tucker), 123 District of Columbia, 132 Donne, John, 75 Douglas, Reverend Mr., 4 Dred Scott decision, 247 Dunmore, Lord, l0, 11 E Education, 20, 92-93, 18o-182, 253-263 Edwards, Jonathan, 44 Elk Island estate, 25 Engerman, Stanley, 236n Enlightenment, 2, 3-4, 51, 90-91, 95, 178 Entail, 20, 39, 239 Epictetus, 66 Epicureans, 178 Epochs of Nature (Buffon), 53n Eppes, John Wayles, 183, 140 Expatriation, principle of, 21, 22, 60 64, 128, 129, 132, 138, 141, 264, 272, 278 F Fauquier, Lord Francis, 4 Fearon, Henry, 87-88 Federalist, The (Madison, Hamilton and Jay), 213, 222 Federalists, 123, 148, 149, 156-160, 196, 203, 209-211, 226-229, 244, 266 Fletcher v. Peck (1810), 214 Florida, 224 Fogel, Robert, 236n Foster, Augustus John, 57, 71 France Louisiana, 135-137, 139 St. Domingo, 133-141 Franklin, Benjamin, 31, 99, 123, 180, 184 Free blacks, 21 in agriculture, 87 American Colonization Society and, 264-266 in cities, 86-87 in Illinois, 2o6-208 laws and, 87-88 in Missouri, 247-248 in Virginia, 22, 36-37, 87-88, 128-129 Fugitive Slave Act of 1793, 229-230 G Gabriel's Conspiracy, 126-128, 138 Gallatin, Albert, 135 Garrison, William Lloyd, 278 Gary, Archibald, 105 George III, King of England, 7-10, 80, 138 Georgia, 8, 28, 266 Germans, 101-102 Gibbon, Edward, 4950, 51, 90-91, 181 Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), 214 Giles, William B., 121, 234 Gilmer, Francis Walker, 262 Great Britain Jay's Treaty, 118-119 slave trade, 7-10 Treaty of 1783, 110-119 War of 1812, 204 War of Independence and, 16, 23-26 Great Fear, 127 Greene, Nathaniel, 24 Grenville, Lord, 117, 118 H Haiti, 139-141, 268, 270, 272 Hall, Basil, 181 Hall, Price, 75 Hamilton, Alexander, 34, 84, 92, 108, 134, 169, 175, 196, 203, 211, 218, 237, 244, 245, 257, 270 on agriculture, 80 on blacks as soldiers, 23-24 vs. Jefferson, 116-117, 119, 212, 216, 222-223 national debt, 122, 269 Reynolds, Mrs. James and, 149-151, 154, 157, 159, 218 state debts, 114, 122, 269 Treaty of 1783, 116-117, 119 Hammond, George, 110, 111, 113-117 Harris, Marvin, 58-59 Harrison, William Henry, 143 Hartford Convention of 1814, 209 Harvard University, 258 Hayes, Lemuel, 75 Helvetius, 52 Helvetius, Madame, 180 Hemings, Betty, 162, 163 Hemings, Beverly, 165, 166 Hemings, Eston, 165, 173, 175n Hemings, Harriet, 155, 165, 173n Hemings, James, 163 Hemings, Madison, 165, 166n, 169, 178-174, 175n Hemings, Sally, 154-160, 162-176, 193, 194, 204n, 207n Hemings, Thenia, 163 Henry, Patrick, 16, 23, 65n, 112, 199, 221 Hillhouse, James, 142 Historie philosophique et politique (Raynal ), 68 History of England (Hume), 262 History of Jamaica (Long), 53 History of the United States for 1796, The (Callender), 149, 150 Hobbes, Thomas, 94 Holbach, Paul Henri d', 52 Home, Henry (Lord Kames), 47 Horace, 50 Houdelot, Madame d', 180, 184 House of Representatives, 119, 210 211, 221-225, 246, 247 Howell, David, 27n Human equality, doctrine of, 12-14 Hume, David, 34, 35, 51, 252, 262 Humphreyes, David, 159 I Illinois, 129, 206-208 Imlay, Gilbert, 56 Indiana, 129 Indians, 64-73, 115, 145, 180, 182n Inherent power, doctrine of, 28 Intellectuals, black, 74-78 J Jackson, Andrew, 73, 269 Jay, John, 34, 45, 112, 118-119, 123, 151 Jay's Treaty,, 118-119 Jefferson, Isaac, 174 Jefferson, Martha, 26, 163, 167, 179, 187, 188, 194 Jefferson, Mary, 162, 163-164, 167, 168 Jefferson, Peter, 169 Jefferson, Thomas on agriculture, 79-84 black intellectuals and, 74-78 blacks, fear of, 64, 67 on blacks as soldiers, 24 boyhood, 4-5 business enterprises, 108-109 Callender and, 148-160, 169, 171, 195 character assassination, 153-161, 172-176, 195, 199-200 Church, Angelica and, 190-193 on cities, 85-87 Coles' plan, rejection of, 205-207 Constitution, interpretation of, 215,216, 229 Continental Congress, election to,26 Cosway, Maria and, 185-193 death of wife, 26, 179, 194 Declaration of Independence, 7-17,229. 277. 278 diffusionist theory, 234-242 educational plans, g2-g3, 253-263 on effects of slavery on whites, 41-43 embargo (18o8-18og), 203, 270 Enlightenment ideas and, 4 on expatriation of blacks, 21, 22, 60-64, 128, 129, 132, 138, 141, 264-272, 278 as family man, 165-168 finances of, 99-100, 102-103, 241,252 free blacks and, 21, 22, 87-88 freedom of the press and, 197-202 future, visions of, 95-97, 245, 278 Gabriel's Conspiracy and, 127-128 on George III, 7-10 as Governor of Virginia, 23-25 VS. Hamilton, Alexander, 116-117,119, 212, 216, 222-223 Hemings, Sally and, 154-160, 162 176, 193, 194, 207n inaugural address, 130 on Indians, 64-73, 145, 180, 182n Jay's Treaty and, 118-119 Kentucky Resolutions, 88, 197, 210, 212, 228, 231, 260 as lawyer, 5-6 legal reform, 19-22 letters Of, 167, 187-188, 18g, 191 libraries of, 1, 260 Louisiana and, 136, 137, 139, 142 145, 234 majority rule and, 222-223 Marshall, John and, 212-217 as minister to France, 31, 99, 179, 180 on miscegenation, 22, 62-64, 163,207, 271, 275 Missouri Compromise and, 246-247 Missouri controversy and, 221, 225 233, 243-246, 248-250, 257, 258, 266-267 on moral sense, 90-94, 97-88 music and, 47, 179 on national debt, 122, 269 Northwest Ordinance and, 225 Notes on Virginia, 22, 38-49, 52, 54-57, 60, 62, 68, 75, 79, 188, 205, 2o8, 229, 241, 250, 255, 261, 270, 276 Ordinance of 1784 and, 27-29 presidential election (1796), 78 presidential election (1800), 151, 152, 222 on property rights, 15, 16, 110, 117, 230 on racial inferiority, 46-59, 76-77 religious ideas of, 43-45, 92, 189, 265 on republican virtue, decline of, 31-36 retirement from public Office, 203-204 on rights of man, 12-16 as Romantic, 177-178, 190 as secretary of state, 110 114, 117-118 sectional war, fear of, 245-246 slave trade, abolition of, 22, 142, 145-147 as slavemaster, 104-109 St. Domingo and, 132-141 on state debts, 114, 122 on states' rights, 88, 212, 216-217, 219, 228, 231, 274 Statute for Religious Freedom and, 120, 278 Supreme Court and, 211, 212, 213, 215, 217 three-fifths rule and, 223 Treaty of 1783, 110-119 as vice-president, 120 Walker, Mrs. John and, 195-197 women, attitude toward, 178-183 Jefferson, Thomas (slave), 157 Jeffersonian Republicans, 119, 149, 158, 209-211, 222, 226-229, 244, 266 Johnson, Richard, 175 Johnson, Samuel, 8 Johnson, William, 213, 248n Jones, Joseph, 127 Judicial review, doctrine Of, 215 Judiciary Act of 1789, 215 "Jupiter," 2, 105 K Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, 247 Kentucky, 28, 241 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798-1800, 88, 197, 210, 212, 228, 231, 260 King, Rufus, 227, 243, 267 Kosciusko, Thaddeus, 256 L Lafayette, Marquis de, 102, 239, 252, 278-274 Laissez-faire, 214 Laurens, John, 23, 24 Leclerc, Victor, 136-138 Lee, Arthur, 61-62 Legal reform, 19-22 Letters of an American Farmer (Crèvecoeur), 104 Letters to His Son (Chesterfield), 189 Lewis, Meriwether, 72 Liberia, 264-266, 270 Library of Congress, 1 Lincoln, Abraham, 172, 250, 278-279 Locke, John, 13, 15, 52, 67, 79, 271n Logan (Chief of the Mingos), 66 Logan Bill of 18o6, 140, 141 Long, Edward, 53 Louisiana Purchase, 135-137, 139, 141, 224 slavery in, 142-145, 234 Louverture, Toussaint, 134-137, 139 M Macpherson, James, 177 Madison, Dolley, 165n, 181 Madison, James, 2o, 29, 31, 36, 42, 47n, 64, 100, 116, 118, 136, 159, 170, 203, 235, 260-262, 265, 269, 275 on diffusion of slavery, 239 The Federalist, 222 finances Of, 252 Hemings affair and, 165n, 166n state debts, 114 Virginia Resolutions, 197 Maine, 224, 247 Majority rule, principle of, 222-223 Malone, Dumas, 172n Malthus, Thomas, 69n, 267 Man, freedom Of, 5-6 Manifest Destiny, 249 Mansfield, Lord, 218n Manumission: see Slavery Marcus Aurelius, 66 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, So Marshall, John, 113, 160, 211-219, 227, 230, 231, 245, 257, 274 Martineau, Harriet, 182, 202, 230, 279 Maryland, 22, 87, 120 Mason, George, 5, 13, 41n, 42, 45, 53, 101, 113 Mason, Stephen Thomas, 152 Massachusetts, 30, 222, 224, 266 Mather, Cotton, 256 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), 217 ' Merry, Anthony, 71 Millar, John, 8 n Miscegenation, 22, 62-64, 162-163, 207, 271, 275 Mississippi, 28, 29, 125, 214, 234, 240, 242 Missouri Compromise, 246-247 Missouri controversy, 221, 224-233, 243-246, 248-250, 257, 258, 266-267 Monogenesis, 52, 53 Monroe, James, 42, 127-128, 138, 152, 159, 163, 210, 239, 246, 252, 261, 264 Montesquieu, Baron de La Bride et de, 18o Monticello, 1, 105-106, 107-108, 162-171, 178, 252 Moore, Tom, 155, 167 Moral sense, 90-94, 97-98 Morris, Gouverneur, 150, 183-184 Mount Vernon, 107 Moustier, Comte de, 192 Mulattoes, 5, 6, 21, 77, 247-248 Music, 47, 179 N Nashoba community, 275 National debt, 122, 269, 270 Natural equality, 5-6 New Hampshire, 30 New Jersey, 28, 30 New Orleans, 136, 138 New York, 30 Newton, Sir Isaac, 52, 56, 57 Nicholas, George, 234 Nicholas, Robert Carter, 13 Nicholson, John, 122 North Carolina, 11, 28, 241 Northwest Ordinance of 1787, 29, 129, 207, 224, 225, 247 Northwest Posts, 111-115 Notes on Virginia (Jefferson), 22, 3849, 52, 54-57, 60, 62, 68, 75, 79, 188, 205, 229, 241, 250, 255, 261, 270, 276 O Ohio, 129 On Crimes and Punishments (Beccaria), 20 Orangutan, 54-55 Ordinance of 1784, 27-29 Origin and Progress of Language, The (Burnett), 54 Overseers, 106 P Paine, Thomas, 16, 142, 159, 201 Parrish, Joseph, 243 Pauw, Cornelius de, 68-69 Peace of Amiens (18o1), 135, 136 Pendleton, Edmund, 4, 5, 19 Pennsylvania, 30 Philosophes, 52, 68-69, 74, 90, 95 Physiocrats, 80 Pichon, Louis, 135, 137 Pickering, Timothy, 27n, 134, 141 Pitt, William, 112, 148 Polignac, Comtesse de, 180 Political Progress of Britain, The (Callender), 148, 149 Polygenesis, 51, 52n, 53 Potter, David, 233n Presidential elections 1796, 78 1800, 151, 152, 222 1820, 210 Press, freedom of the, 197-202 Price, Richard, 90 Primogeniture, 20, 39, 235 Property rights, 13, 15, 16, 110, 117, 230 Prospect Before Us, The (Callender), 150-153 Puritans, 44, 256 Q Quakers, 101, 120, 238, 255 R Racial inferiority, question of, 46-59 Ramsay, David, 162-163 Randolph, John, 21, 41, 121, 218n; 236, 241, 243 Randolph, Martha, 102, 167 Randolph, Thomas Jefferson, 171 Randolph, Thomas Mann, 102, 171; 268 Raynal, Guillaume Thomas Francis; 68 Reason, 91-92 Recherches philosophiques sur les Americains (Pauw), 68 Reconstruction, 58, 172, 173 Religious freedom, 20, 120 Reynolds, Mrs. James, 149-151, 154 157, 159, 213 Rhode Island, 30 Richardson, Samuel, 189 Richmond Enquirer, 250 Richmond Recorder: or Lady's and Gentleman's Miscellany, 153 Rights of man, 12-18 Ritchie, Thomas, 250 Rochambeau, Comte de, 139 Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Duc de la 63, 100, 105, 164 Roman slaves, 49-51 Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 54, 80, 180, 181 Royal African Company, 7 Royal Privy Council, 9 Rush, Benjamin, 53, 56, 74, 123, 243 S San Ildefonso, Treaty of (1800), 136 Sedition Act, 152, 197 Self-love, 94 Senate, 119, 211, 223-225, 246-247 Seneca, 50 Separation of powers, doctrine of, 71-72 Shockley, William, 58n Sierra Leone, 128, 132, 138 Sierra Leone Company, 128, 264 Skelton, Bathurst, 179 Slave code, 20-21 Slavery abolition of slave trade, 22, 124, 142, 145-147 Coles' plan, 205-208 Declaration of Independence, 7-17 decline of antislavery movement, 120-125 diffusionist theory, 234-242 effects of on whites, 41-43 Enlightenment on, 4 expatriation plans, 21, 22, 60-64, 128, 129, 132, 138, 141, 264-272, 278 Fugitive Slave Act, 229-230 Gabriel's Conspiracy, 126-128, 138 Jefferson's attitude on abolition of, 1-7, 17-18, 38-45, 89-90, 96-98, 101-103, 120-125, 130-132, 203-209, 232, 248-252, 274, 279 law in Virginia, 20-22, 128 Louisiana Purchase, 142-145, 234 miscegenation, 22, 62-64, 162-163, 207, 271, 275 Missouri Compromise, 246-247 Missouri controversy, 221, 224-233, 243-246, 248-250, 257, 258, 266- 267 moral sense and, 90-94, 97-98 Northwest Ordinance, 29, 207, 224, 225, 247 Ordinance of 1784, 27-29 population, 2, 266, 267 racial inferiority, question of, 46- 59, 76-77 rights of man and, 12-16 three-fifths rule, 221-223, 225 Treaty of 1783 and, 111-119 Washington on, l06-107, 121, 243 Small, William, 4 Smith, Adam, 34, 35, 51, 80, 91 Smith, Page, 176n Smith, William Loughton, 78, 124 Social class, 14 Société des Amts des Noirs, 100, 133 South Carolina, 8, 28, 125, 144, 241 266 St. Domingo, 132-141 State debt, 114, 122 States' rights, 88, 216-217, 219, 228 274 Statute of Religious Freedom (1786) 120, 278 Sterne, Lawrence, 178 Stevens, Edward, 169 Story, Joseph, 211, 218n Summary View of the Rights of British America, A (Jefferson), 6-7 Supreme Court of the United States 198n, 199n, 209, 211-218, 230, 24 Sutcliffe, Robert, 242 Système de la Nature (Buffon), 68 T Tallmadge, James, 225 Tallmadge Amendment, 225-227 Taney, Roger, 247 Tansill, Charles C., 187 Tarleton, Banastre, 25 Taylor, John, 121, 217, 261-262 Tennessee, 28 Terence, 50 Tesse, Madame de, 184-185 Texas, 141, 203-204 Thoreau, Henry David, 83-84, 106 Three-fifths rule, 221-223, 225 Time On The Cross (Fogel and Engerman), 236n Tiro, 50 Tocqueville, Alexis de, 50, 73, 83, 8 266n, 273n, 278 Treaty of 1783, 110-119 Trollope, Mrs. Frances, 155 Trumbull, John, 185, 190, 191, 192 Tuberville, George Richard, 105 Tucker, George, 48-49, 55-56 Tucker, St. George, 55, 123, 267 U University of Virginia, 257, 258-263, 278 Ussher, James, 53n Utilitarianism, 3 V Vermont, 30 Victor, Claude, 137 Vindication of the Rights of Women (Wollstonecraft), 183n Virginia constitution, 17, 22 diffusion of slavery, 240-241 education in, 256-262 free blacks in, 22, 36-37, 87-88, 128-129 Gabriel's Conspiracy, 126-128 laws of, 5-6, 20-22, 128 miscegenation, 63-64 Missouri controversy, 246, 247 Ordinance of 1784, 29 primogeniture and entail, abolition of, 20, 39, 235 republican virtue, decline of, 31-36 Treaty of 1783, 111-115 War of Independence, 23-25 Virginia Abolition Society, 128 Virginia Convention (1776), 13, 17 Virginia Declaration of Rights, 13 Virginia House of Burgesses, 4, 6 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798-1800, 88, 197, 210, 212, 228, 231, 260 Virginia State Capitol, 1 Volney C. F., 87, 164 Voltaire, 51, 75 W Walker, John, 195-197 Walker, Mrs. John, 195-197 War of 1812, 204, 209 War of Independence, 17-18, 23-26, 67 Warville, Brissot de, 100, 184 Washington, George, 19, 34, 75, 116, 151, 236, 246, 261 on slavery, l06-107, 121, 243 Washington, Treaty of (1842) , 147 Wayles, John, 162, 163, 179 Wealth of Nations (Smith), 91 Webster, Seth, 200n West Florida, 138, 141, 203-204 Wheatley, Phillis, 75-76 Whitney, Eli, 125 Wilberforce, William, 146 Wollstonecraft, Mary, 183n Women education of, 180-181, 182 effect of slavery on, 42 Jefferson's attitude toward, 178-183 Wright, Francis, 88, 208, 246, 275 Wythe, George, 4, 5, 19, 21, 42-43

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