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Table of Contents of
The Papers of Thomas Jefferson
Volume 8

edited by
Julian P. Boyd


© 1950 - <2001> Princeton University Press

Reproduced 2003 with permission of the publisher

Table of Contents, All Volumes   |  Catalog record and links to related information from the Library of Congress catalog
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CONTENTS

Guide to Editorial Apparatus vii Jefferson Chronology 2
{ 1785 } continued
February 25-? March April May
June July August September October
ILLUSTRATIONS
February 25-? From George Washington, 25 February 3 Jefferson's Advertisement of Hopkinson's Invention [ca. February?] 6 From Anthony Garvey [ca. February?] 8 March To John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, 1 March 8 Proposed Changes in Translation of the Treaty with Prussia [ca. 1 March?] 9 To Geismar, 3 March 10 To Samuel Henley, with a List of Books, 3 March 11 De Thulemeier to the American Commissioners, 4 March 14 From Charles Thomson, 6 March 15 From Alexander Moore, 10 March 17 To Clouet [11 March] 18 John Jay to the American Commissioners [11] March 19 From Jean Holker, 12 March 22 From Eliza House Trist, 12 March 24 American Commissioners to De Thulemeier, 14 March 26 From John Jay, 15 March 33 From John Page, 15 March 34 From Chevallie, 17 March 34 American Commissioners to John Jay, 18 March 36 To James Madison, 18 March 38 To James Monroe, 18 March 42 [To Alexander Moore, 19 March] 45 [To Nathaniel Tracy, 19 March] 45 John Adams to Franklin and Jefferson, 20 March 46 From James Buchanan and William Hay, 20 March 48 From Francis Hopkinson, with Enclosure, 20 March 50 From Richard Price, 21 March 52 From John Jay, 22 March 54 Jefferson's Attestation of Depositions, 22 March 54 [To Jean Holker, 24 March] 55 Dorset to the American Commissioners, 26 March 55 From Abiel Foster, 26 March 60 From Anthony Garvey, 26 March 60 From Siot de St. Pol, 26 March 60 American Commissioners to Vergennes, 28 March 61 From Geismar, 28 March 63 From William Carmichael, 29 March 64 From Jean Holker, 29 March 67 From Patrick Henry, 30 March 67 April To William Short, 2 April 68 From William Carmichael, 4 April 69 From James Monroe, 6 April 70 Lafayette to the American Commissioners, 8 April 70 Notes on Presents made by Foreign Powers to Algiers [after 8 April] 72 [To Thomas Barclay, John Bondfield, and James Carmichael, 10 April] 73 From the Rev. James Madison, 10 April 73 From James Monroe, 12 April 75 American Commissioners to John Jay, 13 April 80 [To Alexander Moore, 14 April] 83 William Carmichael to Benjamin Franklin, 15 April 83 From David Hartley, 15 April 85 From John Jay, 15 April 86 From James Milligan, 15 April 87 To James Monroe, 15 April 88 To the Governor of Virginia, 15 April 90 From James Carmichael, 16 April 92 From the Abbes Arnoux and Chalut, 17 April 92 [To William Carmichael, 17 April] 93 [To Jean Holker, 17 April] 93 From John Bondfield, 19 April 93 From William Carmichael, 19 April 95 From Peter Carr, 20 April 96 From Madame de Doradour, 20 April 96 From Francis Hopkinson, 20 April 98 From Walker Maury, 20 April 101 From P. Guillibaud & Cie., 22 April 102 From Jean Holker, 25 April 103 Favi to the American Commissioners, 26 April 104 Notes on Alterations Proposed by Favi [after 26 April] 105 From James Madison, 27 April 110 [From John Bondfield, 28 April] 116 From John Page, 28 April 116 Vergennes to the American Commissioners, 28 April 120 From Jacques Le Maire, 30 April 120 To William Short, 30 April 132 May From Madame de Doradour, 1 May 133 To William Short, 2 May 133 [To William Carmichael, 3 May] 134 De Thulemeier to the American Commissioners, 3 May 134 From Eliza House Trist, 4 May 135 From William Carmichael, 5 April [i.e., May] 137 [From Martha Jefferson Carr, 6 May] 139 From Madame de Doradour [8 May] 139 From C. W. F. Dumas, 10 May 140 American Commissioners to John Jay, 11 May 140 From Madame de Doradour [11? May] 141 [To Francis Eppes, 11 May] 141 To Elbridge Gerry, 11 May 142 [To George Gilmer, 11 May] 145 [To Samuel Hardy, 11 May] 145 To John Jay, 11 May 145 To John Jay, 11 May 146 [To Nicholas Lewis, 11 May-3 June] 147 To James Madison, 11 May 147 [To James Maury, 11 May 148 To James Monroe, 11 May 148 [To John Walker, 11 May] 151 [To Edward Burd, 12 May] 151 From Madame de Doradour [12 May] 151 To the Governor of Virginia, 12 May 151 [To Philip Mazzei, 12 May] 152 From John Polson, 13 May 152 American Commissioners to Dorset, 16 May 153 From Richard Henry Lee, 16 May 153 From St. John de Crevecoeur, 18 May 155 From Madame de Doradour [18 May] 156 From John Adams, 19 May 157 To De Blome, 19 May 157 From the Ambassador of Venice at the Court of Versailles [ca. 19 May] 158 [To John Bondfield, 20 May] 158 To C. W. F. Dumas, 20 May 158 [To Jean Holker, 20 May] 159 From John Adams, 22 May 159 From John Adams, 23 May 161 [To Giovanni Fabbroni, 23 May] 161 From Alexander Learmonth, 23 May 161 From the Abbes Arnoux and Chalut, 24 May 162 From Jean Holker, 24 May 162 From Louis Guillaume Otto, 24 May 163 To John Adams, 25 May 163 From Vergennes, 25 May 164 American Commissioners to De Thulemeier, 26 May 165 [To Louis Guillaume Otto, 26 May] 166 From John Adams, 27 May 166 From John Adams, 27 May 167 From Samuel Amory, 27 May 168 From Barre, 28 May 168 From Samuel House, 28 May 169 From Louis Guillaume Otto, 28 May 169 John Adams to Franklin and Jefferson, 29 May 170 [From John Jay, 30 May] 171 June [From Nathanael Greene, 1 June] 171 From Louis Guillaume Otto, 1 June 171 To John Adams, 2 June 172 From Chastellux, 2 June 174 [To Anthony Garvey, 2 June] 175 From John Adams, 3 June 176 To Barre, 3 June 176 From Anthony Garvey, 5 June 177 [From James Jarvis, 5 June] 178 From Abigail Adams, with Enclosure, 6 June 178 From Jean Francois Briet, 6 June 181 [To Anthony Garvey, 6 June] 183 From John Adams, 7 June 183 To Chastellux, 7 June 184 From C. W. F. Dumas, 7 June 187 American Commissioners to Favi, with Observations on Treaty Project, 8 June 187 From Ralph Izard, with Reports on the Trade of South Carolina, 10 June 195 To Jean Francois Briet, 11 June 205 Favi to the American Commissioners, 11 June 205 From Nathanael Greene, 11 June 205 From Madame de Doradour, 14 June 206 From Neil Jamieson, 14 June 206 [From John Jay, 14 June] 207 From Jean Francois Briet, 15 June 207 [To James Buchanan and William Hay, 15 June] 207 Franklin and Jefferson to John Adams, 15 June 208 From John Jay, 15 June 209 From David Ramsay, 15 June 210 To John Banister, 16 June 211 To the Governor of Virginia, with Enclosure, 16 June 212 From Patrick Henry, 16 June 214 From James Monroe, 16 June 215 From Benjamin Rush, 6 June 220 To the Governor of Maryland, 16 June 220 From Louis Alexandre, with Enclosure, 17 June 221 From John Banister, Jr., 17 June 224 From David S. Franks, 17 June 225 To David S. Franks, 17 June 225 To John Jay, 17 June 226 To James Milligan, 17 June 227 To James Monroe, 17 June 227 From Du Portail, 17 June 234 De Thulemeier to the American Commissioners, 17 June 234 American Commissioners to John Jay, 18 June 235 To Joseph Jones, 19 June 236 To Adam Stephen, 19 June 237 John Adams to Franklin and Jefferson, 20 June 238 John Adams to Franklin and Jefferson, 20 June 238 From Jean Francois Briet, 20 June 238 To Abigail Adams, 21 June 239 From F. W. Bleibtrear, 21 June 242 From Katherine Sprowle Douglas, 21 June 243 From P. & V. French & Nephew, 21 June 244 To Charles Thomson, 21 June 245 To John Adams, 22 June 246 To William Carmichael, 22 June 247 To William Stephens Smith, 22 June 249 From John Bondfield, 25 June 250 From William Carmichael, with Enclosures, 27 June 251 From the Abbes Arnoux and Chalut, 28 June 256 From Barre, 28 July [i.e., June] 256 To William Short, 28 June 257 July From John Polson, 1 July 258 From Richard Price, 2 July 258 [To Samuel Hardy, James Madison, and James Monroe, 4 July] 259 To Katherine Sprowle Douglas, 5 July 259 From Giovanni Fabbroni, 5 July 260 To James Monroe, 5 July 261 To Francis Hopkinson, 6 July 262 To Abigail Adams, 7 July 264 To John Adams, 7 July 265 From Laumoy, 7 July 268 To Charles Williamos, 7 July 269 Franklin and Jefferson to Adams, with Proposed Treaty with Great Britain, 8 July 273 From Charles Williamos, 8 July 275 Castries to the American Commissioners, [9?] July 277 From Philip Mazzei, 9 July 277 To Castries, 10 July 278 [To Laumoy, 10 July] 279 To George Washington, 10 July 279 To John Adams, 11 July 281 To Barre, 11 July 281 From Benjamin Franklin, 11 July 282 From Benjamin Franklin, 11 July 282 To the Governor of Virginia, 11 July 282 To John Jay, 12 July 284 To Richard Henry Lee, 12 July 286 To James Monroe, 12 July 288 To the Virginia Delegates in Congress, 12 July 289 To Louis Alexandre, 13 July 290 To Jean Francois Briet, 13 July 291 [To B. Contee, 13 July] 291 To P. & V. French & Nephew, 13 July 291 From John Jay, 13 July 292 From David Ramsay, 13 July 293 From John Bondfield [after 14 July] 294 To Anthony Garvey, 14 July 294 [To Jan Ingenhousz, 14 July] 295 To Charles Thomson, 14 July 295 From James Monroe, 15 July 296 From John Adams, 16 July 297 From Plowden Garvey, 16 July 298 To Ezra Stiles, 17 July 298 To George Washington, 17 July 301 From John Adams, 18 July 301 From B. Contee, 18 July 303 To Benjamin Franklin, 18 July 303 From Samuel Henley, 18 July 304 From Jean Holker, 18 July 304 From De Thulemeier, 19 July 305 From William Temple Franklin, 20 July 306 From Benjamin Franklin, 21 July 308 From De Pio [21 July] 308 To De Pio, 21 July 309 From Francis Hopkinson, 23 July 309 From John Adams, 24 July 310 From Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 25 July 311 American Commissioners to C. W. F. Dumas [27 July] 312 American Commissioners to William Short [27 July] 313 To Vergennes, 27 July 315 To John Adams, with Enclosure, 28 July 315 From William Carmichael, 28 July 320 To John Stockdale, 28 July 322 To De Thulemeier, 28 July 323 To G. K. van Hogendorp, 29 July 324 To Jean Holker, 29 July 325 From John Paul Jones, 29 July 326 From William Bingham, 30 July 328 [From B. Contee, 30 July] 329 From Katherine Sprowle Douglas, 30 July 329 To Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 30 July 330 To John Adams, 31 July 332 From John Paul Jones, 31 July 334 August From John Banister, Jr., 1 August 335 From the Marquis and Marquise de Spinola, 1 August 336 From Stael de Holstein, 1 August 336 From John Cooper, 2 August 336 From C. W. F. Dumas, 2 August 337 To Castries, 3 August 337 To John Paul Jones, 3 August 339 From Pierrard, 3 August 339 From John Adams, 4 August 340 From James Currie, 5 August 342 To John Adams, with Draft of Treaty Proposed for Barbary States, 6 August 347 From John Adams, 7 August 354 [To Wilson Miles Cary, 7 August] 356 To Richard Price, 7 August 356 From William Short, 7 August 358 [To William Bingham, 8 August] 359 [From James Gordon, 8 August] 359 From David Ramsay, 8 August 359 To John Adams, 10 August 361 [To James Gordon, 10 August] 363 To Pierrard, 10 August 363 To Katherine Sprowle Douglas, 10 August 364 [From Abigail Adams, 12 August] 364 From Castries, 12 August 364 From John Stockdale, 12 August 365 From Thomas Thompson, 12 August 366 To James Buchanan and William Hay, 13 August 366 From Plowden Garvey, 13 August 368 From John Jay, 13 August 369 From John Jay, 13 August 371 To John Paul Jones, 13 August 371 To John Jay, 14 August 372 To John Jay, 14 August 375 From Gilles de Lavallee, 14 August 377 From Jean Holker, 14 August 379 From Neil Jamieson, 14 August 380 From Patience Wright, 14 August 380 From St. John de Crevecoeur, 15 August 381 From James Monroe, 15 August 381 To Vergennes, 15 August 385 To John Banister, Jr., 16 August 393 To B. Contee, 16 August 394 To John Adams, 17 August 394 To Castries, 17 August 395 To John Paul Jones, 17 August 397 To Thomas Thompson, 17 August 398 To Nathaniel Tracy, 17 August 398 From John Adams, 18 August 400 To William Carmichael, 18 August 401 To Samuel House, 18 August 402 To Eliza House Trist, 18 August 403 To Peter Carr, 19 August 405 From John Paul Jones, 19 August 409 To Walker Maury, with a List of Books, 19 August 409 From John Bondfield, 20 August 412 [To Martha Jefferson Carr, 20 August] 413 From James Madison, 20 August 413 To John Page, 20 August 417 From Abigail Adams, 21 August 420 To St. John de Crevecoeur, 22 August 421 To the Governor of Virginia, with an Account of Expenses, 22 August 422 From Thomas Thompson, 22 August 423 From John Adams, 23 August 423 From C.W.F. Dumas, 23 August 424 From Elbridge Gerry and Others, 23 August 425 To John Jay, 23 August 426 From John Page, 23 August 428 From William Short, with Enclosure, 23 August 431 From William Short, with Enclosure, 23 August 434 Martha Jefferson to Eliza House Trist [after 24 August] 436 From John Paul Jones, 24 August 439 From Richard O'Bryen, 24 August 440 From William Robeson, 24 August 441 [From Giovanni Fabbroni, 25 August] 441 From James Monroe, 25 August 441 From Stephen Sayre, 25 August 442 From Castries, 26 August 443 To James Monroe, 28 August 444 [To William Robeson, 28 August] 446 From William Short, 28 August 446 [From Henry Champion, 29 August] 448 To John Paul Jones, 29 August 448 From Miles King, 29 August 448 From De Poncins, 29 August 449 From St. John de Crevecoeur, 30 August 450 To Francis Eppes [30 August] 451 To John Jay, 30 August 452 To John Banister, 31 August 456 To David Ramsay, 31 August 457 From Vergennes, 31 August 458 From Charles Bellini [ca. August] 458 September To C.W.F. Dumas and William Short, 1 September 459 To James Madison, with a List of Books, 1 September 460 From William Carmichael, 2 September 464 To Chastellux, with Enclosure, 2 September 467 From David S. Franks [ca. 2 September] 470 From Chastellux, 3 September 471 To Abigail Adams, 4 September 472 To John Adams, 4 September 473 To John Adams, 4 September 475 To John Adams, 4 September 476 From John Adams, 4 September 476 From Lafayette, 4 September 478 From Froulle [before 5 September] 480 To Froulle, 5 September 481 To David Hartley, 5 September 481 Lease for the Hotel de Langeac [5 September] 485 Private Agreement for Lease of the Hotel de Langeac [5 September] 489 From John Paul Jones, 5 September 492 From Lister Asquith [ca. 6 September] 492 From Abigail Adams, 6 September 498 To Geismar, 6 September 499 From Lister Asquith, 7 September 500 From Lister Asquith, 8 September 501 From G. K. van Hogendorp, 8 September 501 From William Short, 9 September 505 From Patrick Henry, 10 September 507 From Patrick Henry, 10 September 508 From John Adams, 11 September 510 From John Adams, 11 September 510 To Gilles de Lavallee, 11 September 511 To John Langdon, 11 September 512 To Andre Limozin, 11 September 513 To De Poncins, 11 September 514 From William Short, 11 September 515 From Elbridge Gerry, 12 September 515 [From Elizabeth Wayles Eppes, 13 September] 517 From Mary Jefferson [ca. 13 September] 517 To Lister Asquith, 14 September 517 [From Francis Eppes, 14 September] 518 From John Jay, 14 September 518 To William Short, 14 September 520 From John Adams, 15 September 521 From Edward Bancroft, 15 September 522 From Samuel Henley, 15 September 523 From John Jay, 15 September 523 From John Adams, 16 September 525 From James Wilkie, 16 September 525 From John Adams, 18 September 525 From Andre Limozin, 18 September 526 To John Adams, 19 September 526 From Lister Asquith, 19 September 527 From John Banister, Jr., 19 September 529 From Barre, 19 September 529 From William McNeill [19? September] 530 From Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 19 September 531 To Mary Jefferson, 20 September 532 To Andre Limozin, 20 September 533 To James Madison, with Account Enclosed, 20 September 534 To Edmund Randolph, 20 September 537 To James Buchanan, 22 September 539 To Elizabeth Wayles Eppes, 22 September 539 To Neil Jamieson, 22 September 540 From Andre Limozin [ca. 22 September] 541 From Ferdinand Grand, 23 September 541 From William Stephens Smith, 23 September 541 To John Adams, 24 September 542 To John Adams, 24 September 545 To Ferdinand Grand, 24 September 546 To William Short, 24 September 547 To Abigail Adams, 25 September 547 From John Adams, 25 September 550 To Francis Hopkinson, 25 September 550 To Lister Asquith, 26 September 551 To Thomas Barclay, 26 September 552 To Ralph Izard, 26 September 552 To John Stockdale, 26 September 554 To Nathaniel Tracy, 26 September 554 From George Washington, 26 September 555 To James Currie, 27 September 558 [From Dolomieu, 27 September] 560 From Lister Asquith, 28 September 560 From C.W.F. Dumas, 28 September 561 From Francis Hopkinson, 28 September 562 To the Governor of Virginia, 28 September 564 To Andre Limozin, 28 September 565 From David Rittenhouse, 28 September 565 From William Carmichael, 29 September 566 To Richard O'Bryen, 29 September 567 [To James Wilkie, 29 September] 568 To Charles Bellini, 30 September 568 From William Carmichael, 30 September 570 From Andre Limozin [ca. 30 September] 570 October From Benjamin Franklin, 1 October 571 From John Adams, 2 October 571 To Barre, 2 October 573 To the Rev. James Madison, 2 October 574 From John Adams, 3 October 577 From Lister Asquith, 3 October 578 From James Madison, 3 October 579 To C. W. F. Dumas, 4 October 582 From C. W. F. Dumas, 4 October 583 From Andre Limozin, 4 October 583 To Andre Limozin, 4 October 584 To John Adams, 5 October 585 To Benjamin Franklin, 5 October 585 From David Hartley, 5 October 586 From John Paul Jones, 5 October 587 To Samuel Osgood, 5 October 588 To John Jay, 6 October 592 [From Andre Limozin, 6? October] 593 From Abigail Adams, 7 October 594 From Froulle, 7 October 596 From John Mehegan, 7 October 597 From John Paul Jones, 8 October 597 To John Paul Jones, 8 October 597 To Andre Limozin, 8 October 598 To Charles Thomson, 8 October 598 From James Warren, 9 October 599 [From John Adams, 10 October] 600 From James Bowdoin, 10 October 601 From Ferdinand Grand, 10 October 601 To Abigail Adams, 11 October 602 To John Adams, 11 October 603 To Elbridge Gerry, 11 October 604 American Commissioners to John Jay, 11 October 606 To John Jay, 11 October 606 Documents Pertaining to the Mission of Barclay and Lamb to the Barbary States 610 I. Commission 611 II. Instructions 613 III. Supplementary Instructions to John Lamb 616 IV. Jefferson's "Heads for a letter" 617 V. American Commissioners to the Emperor of Morocco 619 VI. Heads of Inquiry 621 VII. Letter of Credit 622 VIII. American COmmissioners to William Carmichael IX. Projet of a Treaty with the Barbary States 624 From Andre Limozin, 11 October 625 [From Andre Limozin, 11 October] 625 From De Thulemeier, 11 October 625 American Commissioners to Vergennes, 11 October 625 To Lister Asquith, 12 October 627 To Borgnis Desbordes, Freres, 12 October 627 To Froulle, 12 October 628 From Froulle, 12 October 628 To David Ramsay, 12 October 629 To Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 12 October 629 To Vergennes, 12 October 631 To G. K. van Hogendorp, 13 October 631 To Samuel Henley, 14 October 634 To John Banister, Jr., 15 October 635 From Andre Limozin, 16 October 638 To De Thulemeier, 16 October 639 From Lister Asquith, 17 October 639 From James Currie, 17 October 640 From Archibald Stuart, 17 October 644 To John Adams, 18 October 647 From Borgnis Desbordes, Freres [18? October] 647 From James Buchanan and William Hay, 18 October 648 To William Carmichael, 18 October 648 From Madame d'Houdetot, 18 October 649 From David Ross and Other Virginia Merchants, 18 October 650 From Abigail Adams, 19 October 653 From Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 20 October 655 To Vergennes, 21 October 656 To D'Aranda, 22 October 657 From D'Aranda, 22 October 658 To Ferdinand Grand, 22 October 658 From David Ross, 22 October 659 From Lister Asquith, 23 October 661 From James Bowdoin, 23 October 662 From John Adams, 24 October 663 From William Carmichael, 24 October 665 From Thomas Pleasants, Jr., 24 October 666 From Richard Price, 24 October 667 From Abigail Adams, 25 October 669 To William Carmichael, 25 October 670 From Thomas Cushing, 25 October 670 From Francis Hopkinson, 25 October 671 From William Wenman Seward, 25 October 672 To Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 25 October 674 From Philip Mazzei, 26 October 675 [From Nicolas & Jacob van Staphorst, 27 October] 680 From Vergennes, 27 October 680 From Castries, 28 October 680 To James Madison, 28 October 681 From Richard Henry Lee, 29 October 683 From Vergennes, 30 October 685 From Thomas Elder [ca. October] 687

ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE ABIGAIL ADAMS, PORTRAIT BY RALPH EARL 86 This undated portrait was probably painted in England in 1785, shortly after Mrs. Adams arrived in London and before Earl left England in the summer or early autumn of that year. (Courtesy of Miss Frances J. Eggleston, Oswego, New York; photograph courtesy of Frick Art Reference Library.) DRAFT FOR THE FIRST PAYMENT ON HOUDON'S STATUE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON 87 Benjamin Harrison enclosed William Alexander's draft on Laval & Wilfelsheim in his letter of 12 Nov. 1784 (q.v., Vol. 7). See also Jefferson to the Governor of Virginia, 9 Feb. 1785 (Vol. 7), 15 Apr., 12 May 1785. (Courtesy of the Virginia State Library.) RECEIPT FOR PREMIUM FOR INSURANCE ON HOUDON'S LIFE DURING THE TIME HE WAS IN AMERICA 87 Jefferson, feeling a keen sense of responsibility for having com- mitted the State of Virginia to a much greater expenditure for the statue of George Washington than was originally intended, began negotiations for insurance on Houdon's life in July. The policy was not actually issued until 12 Oct. 1785-ten days after Houdon reached Mount Vernon-and was drawn for a period of six months. See Jefferson to Adams, 7 July; to the Governor of Virginia, 11 July; to John Adams, 10 Aug. and 24 Sep.; Adams to Jefferson, 3 Oct. 1785. (Courtesy of the Virginia State Li- brary.) CALLING CARDS AND TRADE CARDS USED AND RECEIVED BY JEFFERSON IN FRANCE AND ENGLAND 214 These specimens have been selected from a number of similar cards preserved in Jefferson's Papers. It was the custom of the court at Versailles that a new ambassador or minister send formal notice of his first audience with the King to all the other foreign representatives resident at the court, each of whom was expected to pay a formal visit to the new minister, sign his reg- ister, and leave a card. See Jefferson to De Blome, 19 May 1785, and the Ambassador of Venice to Jefferson, following. Of the unofficial cards reproduced here, that of Sir John Sinclair may have been received either in France or while Jefferson was in England in 1786. See Sir John Sinclair to Jefferson, 24 Apr. 1786 and note (Vol. 9). The card from Samuel Neele was evi- dently received in London in the spring of 1786 when Jefferson arranged with Neele to have a map engraved for his Notes on the State of Virginia. See Jefferson to William S. Smith, 9 Aug. 1786 (Vol. 10). (Courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical So- ciety and the Library of Congress.) HOUDON IN HIS STUDIO, PAINTING BY LOUIS BOILLY, 1804 215 This picture of Houdon at work, surrounded by students, is one of several variant canvases painted by his friend, Boilly, almost twenty years after Houdon was commissioned to make the statues of Washington, Franklin (in the background to the right), and Jefferson (in the background, immediately over Houdon's head). See Jefferson to Benjamin Harrison, 12 Jan. 1785 (Vol. 7); to the Governor of Virginia, 11 July 1785; also, above, draft for first payment of Houdon's statue of Washington and receipt for insurance premium. (Courtesy of the Archives Photographiques from the original in the Musee de Cherbourg, through Howard C. Rice, Jr.) JEFFERSON'S PRESENTATION INSCRIPTION IN THE COPY OF THE Notes on the State of Virginia SENT TO RICHARD PRICE 246 The inscription reproduced here, written on the fly-leaf of Price's copy of Jefferson's Notes, is typical of the inscriptions in most of the early copies of the first edition which Jefferson sent to friends in America and Europe. Jefferson sent Price's copy of the Notes by John Adams when he went to London. See Richard Price to Jefferson, 2 July 1785. For an admirable census of copies, together with texts of other inscriptions, see Coolie Verner, "Mr. Jefferson Distributes His Notes," N.Y.P.L., Bull., LVI [1952], 159-86. (Courtesy of Princeton University Library.) THE GRILLE DE CHAILLOT IN 1779, THE SITE OF JEFFER- SON'S RESIDENCE IN PARIS FROM 1785 TO 1789 247 Engraving by Francois-Nicolas Martinet for Beguillet's Descrip- tion historique de Paris, Paris, 1779, looking from the Grille de Chaillot down the Champs-Elysees toward the Place Louis XV [Place de la Concorde]. The smaller gate, left, marks the en- trance to the Rue Neuve de Berry. The house at the left, be- tween the two gates, is the Hotel de Langeac where Jefferson lived from Oct. 1785 until Sep. 1789. The H6tel de Langeac was demolished in the 1840's; a memorial tablet recalling Jef- ferson's residence here was placed on the present building by alumni of the University of Virginia in 1919. The large building at the right is the "bureau" of the municipal customs service; beyond this, a road continuing the Rue Neuve de Berry leads out to the suburb of Chaillot. About 1787 the Grille de Chaillot was eliminated and the customs barrier was moved up to the top of the Champs-Elysees, along the line of the new Farmers-Gen- eral wall, to a spot where the Arc de Triomphe was later built. (Courtesy of the Cabinet des Estampes, Bibliotheque Nationale, through Howard C. Rice, Jr.) PLAN OF THE SECOND FLOOR OF THE HOTEL DE LANGEAC, JEFFERSON'S RESIDENCE SITUATED AT THE GRILLE DE CHAILLOT 247 This floor, designated on this plan as the "etage d'attique exauce [exhausse]," was above the main ground floor and mezzanine. In addition to the oval drawing-room overlooking the garden-which Jefferson perhaps used as his study-there is a series of bedrooms and adjoining dressing rooms, as well as "lieux a l'anglaise." The skylight of one of the ground-floor rooms is also indicated here. The windows on the right-hand side of the house look out on the Champs-Elysees, called here the Avenue de Neuilly; those on the western side (along the bottom of the plan) give on the Rue Neuve de Berry. For other floor plans and elevations of the HOtel de Langeac see Howard C. Rice, Jr., L'Hotel de Langeac, Paris and Monticello, 1947. The Hotel de Langeac was designed by the architect Jean F.-T. Chalgrin (1739-1811). Work on the house, built by the Comte de Saint Florentin (later Duc de La Vrilliere) for the Marquise de Langeac, began in 1768, was interrupted in 1774, and then resumed after 1778 for the Marquise's son, the Comte de Langeac, from whom Jefferson rented it. (Courtesy of the Cabinet des Estampes, Bibliotheque Nationale, through Howard C. Rice, Jr.) FINAL PAGE OF THE DEFINITIVE TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND PRUSSIA 566 The signing of the treaty with Prussia followed a highly unusual procedure in that it was signed in four different places on four separate dates. It was signed and sealed by Franklin, 9 July, before he left Passy; by Jefferson, in Paris, on 28 July; by Adams, in London, on 5 Aug.; and by De Thulemeier, at The Hague, on 10 Sep. 1785. See TJ to Adams, 7 July; American Commissioners to C. W. F. Dumas [27 July 1785] and to William Short, same date; Jefferson to De Thulemeier, 28 July 1785. (Courtesy of the National Archives.) PASSPORT FOR JOHN LAMB 567 This passport belongs to the group of documents issued in con- nection with the mission of Barclay and Lamb to the Barbary states (see p. 610-24). The issuance of passports was one of the official routine functions for which Jefferson was responsible while minister to France. There is the following entry in Jeffer- son's Account Book under 1 Aug. 1785: "Paid Marc ... for Mons. Pierre [i.e., Pierres, printer of Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia] ... printing for Unitd. States. viz. 200 pass- ports 18tt." (Courtesy of the William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.)

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