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They Came in Ships

John Philip Colletta

© 1993 Ancestry

Reproduced 2001 with permission of the publisher

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Colletta, John P. "The Italian Mayflowers." Attenzione 6 (2) (February 1984): 30-33. A brief article explaining how to search ship passenger lists at the National Archives for Italian immigrants. Eakle, Arlene. "Tracking Immigrant Origins." The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984. Chapter 15 discusses resources, methods, and overviews each national group's settlement pattern in the U.S. Morton-Allan Directory of European Passenger Steamship Arrivals at the Port of New York, 1890-1930, and at the Ports of Baltimore, Boston, and Philadelphia, 1904-1926. New York: Immigration Information Bureau, 1931. Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979. Dates of arrival for every passenger liner, arranged by steamship line. National Archives Trust Fund Board. Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives. Washington, D.C.: NATF, 1983. 2d ed. 1985. Chapter 2, "Passenger Arrival Lists," provides a port-by- port description of the lists and the indexes to them. ____. Immigrant and Passenger Arrivals: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington, D.C.: NATF, 1983. 2d ed. 1991. A roll-by roll catalog of microfilmed lists and indexes. Potter, Constance. "St. Albans Passenger Arrival Records." Prologue: Journal of the National Archives 22 (1) (Spring 1990): 90- 93. Describes National Archives records of immigration across the Canadian border, 1895-1954, and their indexes. Steuart, Bradley W. Passenger Ships Arriving in New York Harbor (1820-1850). Bountiful, Utah: Precision Indexing, 1991. Drawn from National Archives microfilm M1066, Registers of Vessels Arriving at the Port of New York . . . . Tepper, Michael H. American Passenger Arrival Records: A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail and Steam. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Upd. and enl. ed. 1993. Thorough overview not only of ship lists but other types of records that provide immigrant arrival information.


Filby, P. William. Passenger and Immigration Lists Bibliography, 1538- 1900: Being a Guide to Published Lists of Arrivals in the United States and Canada. 2d ed. Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1988. Most comprehensive list available of ships for which lists have appeared in published literature. Lancour, Harold, comp. A Bibliography of Ship Passenger Lists, 1538- 1825, Being a Guide to Published Lists of Early Immigrants to North America. New York: New York Public library, 1938. 3d ed. rev. and enl. by Richard J. Wolfe, 1963. This work has been incorporated into P. William Filby's Passenger and Immigration Lists Bibliography, 1538. 1900.


Baca, Leo. Czech Immigration Passenger Lists. 4 vols. Richardson, Tex.: published by the compiler, 1983-1991. Czech arrivals at various U.S. ports between about 1847 and 1871; extracted from lists at the National Archives. Boyer, Carl, ed. Ship Passenger Lists. 4 vols. Newhall, Calif: 1977-80. Indexes numerous published ship lists: vol. 1, National and New England, 1600-1825; vol. 2, New York and New Jersey, 1600- 1825; vol. 3, The South, 1538-1825; and vol. 4, Pennsylvania and Delaware, 1641-1825. Burgert, Annette K. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from GermanSpeaking Lands to North America. Breinigsville, Pa: Pennsylvania German Society, 1983 (vol. 16) and 1985 (vol. 19). Information on German-speaking immigrants from the Northern Kraichgau and Western Palatinate. Cassady, Michael. New York Passenger Arrivals, 1849-1868. Papillion, Nebr.: Nimmo, 1983.Thirty-three selected lists naming about 10,200 persons. Filby, P. William, with Mary K. Meyer, eds. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index: A Guide to Published Arrival Records of More Than 1,775,000 Passengers Who Came to the New World between the Sixteenth and the Early Twentieth Centuries. Detroit Gale Research Co., 1981- present Originally three volumes. Supplemental volumes published annually and gathered every few years into "cumulative supplements." Hundreds of thousands of names appearing in published ship lists and other types of arrival records. Glazier, Ira A., ed. The Famine Immigrants: Lists of Irish Immigrants Arriving at the Port of New York, 1846-1851.6 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1983. Since New York arrivals of 1847-1896 are not indexed at the National Archives, this is a very helpful work. ____, and P. William Filby, eds. Germans to America: Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1988-present 28 vols. Ongoing. For 18501855, reproduces entire lists of ships with a minimum of eighty percent German surnames. For 1856-1872, lists German passengers only from all ships. Indexed. ____. Italians to America: Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports, 1880-1899.2 vols. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1992-present Ongoing. Haury, David A., ed. Index to Mennonite Immigrants on U.S. Passenger Lists, 1872-1904. North Newton, Kans.: Mennonite library and Archives, 1986. Nearly fifteen thousand Mennonite passengers, mostly Germans from Russia, in chronological order of ship arrival. Indexed. McManus, J. Comal County, Texas, and New Braunfels, Texas, German Immigrant Ships, 1845-1846. St Louis: F. T. Ingmire, 1985. Passengers of forty-one ships are enumerated and indexed. Mitchell, Brian, comp. Irish Passenger Lists, 1847-1871. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Lists of passengers sailing from Londonderry to America on ships of the J. & J. Cooke Line and McCorkell Line. Norlie, Olaf Morgan. History of the Norwegian People in America. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1925. Reprint New York: Haskell House Publishers, 1973. Traces to the sixth generation the descendants of the fifty-two/fifty-three Norwegians (one born at sea) who came in 1825 on the ship Restaurationen. Not indexed. Olsson, Nils William. Swedish Passenger Arrivals in New York, 1820-1850. Chicago: Swedish Pioneer Historical Society, 1967. Covers all Swedes for port and period, with additional biographical information for about one-third of them. ____. Swedish Passenger Arrivals in U.S. Ports, 1820-1850 (Except New York). St Paul: North Central Publishing Co., 1979. Owen, Robert Edward, ed. Luxembourgers in the New World. 2 vols. Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg: Editions-Reliures Schortgen, 1987. A re-edition based on Nicholas Gonner's Die Luxemburgen in der Neuen Welt, published in Dubuque, Iowa, 1889. Names thousands of immigrants and where they settled. "Passenger Arrivals at Salem and Beverly, Massachusetts, 1798 1800." New England Historical and Genealogical Register 106 (1952): 203-209. Transcribes nine original passenger lists found in Record Group 36 at the National Archives. Prins, Edward. Dutch and German Ships. Holland, Mich.: published by the compiler, 1972. Passenger lists of many ships carrying Dutch and German immigrants to Atlantic ports, 1846-1855, especially those who settled the Holland colony in Michigan. No index. Rasmussen, Louis J. San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists. 4 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1978. Original San Francisco arrival lists prior to 1893 were destroyed by fire. Rasmussen "reconstructs" them by using other contemporary sources, 1850-1875. Rieder, Milton P., and Norma Gaudet Rieder, eds. New Orleans Ship Lists. 2 vols. Metairie, La: 1966 and 1968. Indexes New Orleans lists, January 1, 1820, through June 23, 1823, on microfilm at the National Archives. Rockett, Charles Whidock. Some Shipboard Passengers of Captain John Rockett (1828-1841). Mission Viejo, Calif: published by the compiler, 1983. About 1,500 passengers aboard ships from Le Havre to New York. (A portion of at least one list -- the Nile's-- was missed by the compiler.) Southern Historical Press. Ships Passenger Lists, Port of Galveston, Texas, 1846-1871. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1984. Strassburger, Ralph Beaver, comp., and William John Hinke, ed. Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808. 3 vols. Norristown, Pa.: Pennsylvania German Society, 1934. First volume indexes lists of 1727-1784; second contains facsimiles of passenger signatures found in lists of 1727-1775; third indexes lists of 1785-1808. Swierenga, Robert P., comp. Dutch Immigrants in U.S. Ship Passenger Manifests, 1820-1880: An Alphabetical Listing by Household Heads and Independent Persons. 2 vols. Wil- mington, Del: Scholarly Research, Inc., 1983. Dutch arrivals taken from lists in the National Archives. Fills gaps in National Archives indexes. Tepper, Michael H., ed. Emigrants to Pennsylvania, 1641-1819: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists from the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1975. ____. Immigrants to the Middle Colonies. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1978. ____. New World Immigrants: A Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists and Associated Data from Periodical Literature. 2 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979. Deals with arrivals during the colonial period. ____. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Baltimore, 1820-1834: From Customs Passenger Lists. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982. Transcription of portion of a National Archives index. ____. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia, 1800- 1819: The Philadelphia Baggage Lists. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986. Transcription of portion of a National Archives index. Yoder, Don, ed. Pennsylvania German Immigrants, 1709-1786: Lists Consolidated from Yearbooks of The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. Zimmerman, Gary J., and Marion Wolfert, comps. German Immigrants: Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York. 4 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985-93. Lists of emigrants sailing from Bremen were destroyed. This work "reconstructs" lists of some German passengers on ships from Bremen to New York, 1847-1871, using arrival lists in the National Archives.


Coldham, Peter Wilson. Bonded Passengers to America. 9 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1983-85. Names of thousands of English and Irish criminals sent to the colonies as bonded passengers. Dobson, David. Directory of Scottish Settlers in North America, 1625-1825.6 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1984. Based on published sources and documents in British archives, names thousands of Scottish emigrants. Ferguson, Laraine K. "Hamburg, Germany, Gateway to the Ancestral Home." German Genealogical Digest 2 (1) (First Quarter 1986): 10-14. Hamburg emigration lists, 1850-1934, and their indexes: what they are, where they are, and how to use them. Hall, Charles M. Antwerp Emigration Index. Salt Lake City: Heritage International, 1986. Lists 5,100 emigrants from Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, France, and the Netherlands who embarked from Antwerp during 1855. Register and Guide to the Hamburg Passenger Lists, 1850-1934. Research Paper Series C, no. 30. Salt Lake City: The Genealogical Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Explains the lists and their indexes, which are available on microfilm in the LDS church Family History Library. Schenk, Trudy, and Ruth Froelke, comps. The Wuerttemberg Emigration Index. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1986-93. About 84,000 persons who applied to emigrate from Wuerttemberg, 1750-1900, with intended destination of each. Schrader-Muggenthaler, Cornelia. Alsace Emigration Book. 2 vols. Apollo, Pa: Closson Press, 1989-91. Lists about 21,500 emigrants who left Alsace in the late eighteenth through late nineteenth centuries. ____. Baden Emigration Book. Apollo, Pa: Closson Press, 1992. Lists about seven thousand eighteenth- and nineteenth- century emigrants who came to America from Baden and Alsace. Smith, Clifford Neal. Reconstructed Passenger Lists for 1850: Hamburg to Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, and the United States. 4 vols. McNeal, Ariz.: Westland Publications, 1980. "Reconstructed" lists based on Hamburg Emigration lists.


Anuta, Michael J. Ships of Our Ancestors. Menominee, Mich: Ships of Our Ancestors, 1983. Photos of 880 ships that brought immigrants to the U.S., 1819-1960. Bibliography on ships and shipbuilding. Bonsor, N.R.P. North Atlantic Seaway. 4 vols. London: T. Stephenson and Sons, 1955. Supplement 1960. Enl. and rev. ed. by Douglas, David and Charles, Vancouver, Canada, 1975. Illustrated history of the passenger services linking the Old World with the New. Kludas, Arnold. Great Passenger Ships of the World. 6 vols. Translated from original German edition of 1972-74 by Charles Hodges. Cambridge, England: Patrick Stephens, 1975. Information and photos of all major passenger ships, arranged chronologically, 1858-1975. Maxtone-Graham, John. The Only Way to Cross. New York: Macmillan Co., 1972. Steamships: their construction, grandeur, and mystique. Smith, Eugene W. Passenger Ships of the World. Boston: George H. Dean Co., 1978. Thumbnail sketches of ships arranged by geographic area in which they operated.


Carmack, Sharon DeBartolo. The Ebetino and Vallarelli Family History. Anundsen Publishing Co., 1990. An excellent example of a turn-of-the-century immigrant family's story. Guillet, Edwin C. The Great Migration: The Atlantic Crossing by Sailing Ship Since 1770. Rev. ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1963. A vivid account of what the voyage was like. Includes a rich bibliography on the subject. Handlin, Oscar. The Uprooted: The Story of the Great Migrations that Made the American People. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1951. Describes the immigrants' encounter with American society: how it affected them and how they adjusted. ____ed. Immigration as a Factor in American History. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1959. A selection of readings from many authors. Explores what immigration has meant to America over the years. Hansen, Marcus Lee. The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860. Rev. ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1951. Describes emigrants leaving their European homelands. Pages 172-198 discuss which ports of embarkation in Europe and which ports of arrival in the United States were used by various national groups in the nineteenth century. Hinchliff, Helen. "Michael Mumper of Pennsylvania: Reconstructing the Origins and Circumstances of an Immigrant Ancestor." National Genealogical Society Quarterly 77 (1) (March 1989): 5- 21. A superb account of how to research and write an eighteenth- century immigrant ancestor's story. Hopkins, Albert A. The Scientific American Handbook of Travel. New York: Munn & Co., 1910. Photographs and information about crossing the Atlantic in the early twentieth century: fares, menus, what to pack, etc. Jones, Hank Z, Jr. More Palatine Families: Some Immigrants to the Middle Colonies, 1717-1776, and Their European Origins. SanDiego: the author, 1991. Exemplary research in linking American colonists to their European origins and ancestry. Author has done others. Kraut, Alan M. The Huddled Masses: The Immigrant in American Society, 1880-1921. Arlington Heights, Ill: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1982. A reevaluation of how immigrant groups adjusted to American society. Challenges stereotypical images of immigrants. Novotny, Ann. Strangers at the Door. Riverside, Conn.: The Chatham Press, 1971. The immigration process at New York's Castle Garden (1855-1890), Barge Office (1890-1891), and Ellis Island (1892-1934). Wittke, Carl F. We Who Built America: The Saga of the Im- migrant. Cleveland: Western Reserve University Press, 1964. Superb account of immigration by period and national group. A classic in the field.

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