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Index of
Merchant sailing ships, 1775-1815: sovereignty of sail

by
David R. MacGregor


© 1985 Naval Institute Press

Reproduced 2001 with permission of the publisher

  Sources cited   |   Table of Contents   |  Catalog record and links to related information from the Library of Congress catalog


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INDEX

Figures in italics refer to page numbers of illustrations. Abercrombie Robinson (1825) 184 185 Abergavenny (c1805), 166 Acts of Parliament, carriage of slaves 19-20; Navigation Laws 17-18; Prevention of Smuggling Act 106: Registry Act l 18 Adams & Co, shipbuilder 115 Admiral Gardner (1796) 183 Admirality, alters sloop to schooner 153; buys Americal vessels 50, 77-79, 94; draughts 50, 75, 77,80, 146; draughts copied by Hilhouse 206: interest in drop keels 170-71; likes collier barks 32, 57; orders rigging changes 54, 57; plans of Earl of Pembroke 157; surveyors draw sail plan 157; takes off lines 11, 77-78, 156-57; see also National Maritime Museum, Royal Navy Adventure,ex Raleigh, ex Marquis of Kockingham (1770) 59, 61, 98 Affiance(c1796), 132 Agnew, William, ship's husband 177 Albion (1787 ) 210 Albion (1818) 134-35 Alert (1802) 157 Alexander (1815) 132 Alice (c1804) 123 Alnwick Castle (1801) 109, 188, 210 Amazon (1811) 209 America, ship design 149-51 Amity (1775) 211 Anuty Hall (1789) 109, 211 Ann andElizabeth (1768) 58 Anson, HM 48-gun frigate 184 Anthorn (1803) 132 Antigua Packet (1815)120 Architectura Navalis Mercatoria (Chipman) 29 et seq, 83, 99, 104, 109, 186 Ariadne (1799) 134, 209 Ariel (in 1798) 131 Ariel (1862) 120 Ariel(1865; 201 Armament, Cupid in 1778 79; of East Indiamen 180-81, 195-96, 202, 206; of slavers 17, 72 Amiston (1794) 183 Assia (1780) 210 Atkinson, J A, artist 151, 153, 163 Atas (1777) 210 Aurora (1784) 22 Balaou schooner 157 Bailles (17851211 Baker, Williann A, 16, 101, 125 Balfour (1809), crew and cost 147; described 121, 123; large brig 120 Ballast lighters (by 1770), sail plan 105, 106 Ballast lighters (1799-1802) 211 Baltic trade 12, 14, 59, 131 Baltimore clippers 120, 156-57 Baltick (American) 91 Barbadoes (c1757) 94 Barbadoes Packet (1802) 132 Barges 106, 166; swim-header 106, 118 Bark, begins to refer to rig," 51, 61, hull- form 29, 31-32; lines plan by Chapman 3l-32 Barnard & Co., sbipbuilder 177, 185. 187, 192 Barque, early examples 32, 51, 51, 121; five masts 14; Mediterranean 32. 51 Barquentine 1.58, 160 Barquetta 57 Barrick Henry, 59 Barry, Francis, shipbuilder 127 Barry, John, shipbuilder 59, 127-28, 146 Barry, Robert, shipbuilder 59, 127 Baugean, Jean, artist 136, 138, 163 Bayley,Jabez, shipbuilder 174 Beams-to-length ratio, in pink 34; in schooners 1I8; in Smuggling Acts 106, 139 Beaver Prize, ex Oliver Cromwell (cl774-78) 50 Beckford (1774) 87 Bedford '1750) 76 Bedwell J. shipowner 123 Bee (1830) 142 Bell, Henry, shipbuilder 16 Bengal (1811) 210 Bengal (1814) 135, 135, 209 Bentham Samuel 171 Bergh, Christian 149 Bermuda (1804) 127 Bermudian sloops 107 Bethia (1784) 51 Betsey (1782) 211 Betsy (cl809) 131 Bilander, described 87-88, 91; Dutch 87-88; examples 87; lines plan 88, 91; listed 1781 81;painted by Swaine 88; sail plans 86, 88, 91; spar dinnensions 91 Billander, see Bilander Bird, Henry, shipbuildcr 88 Blackwall Yard, builds collier 141; builds East Indiamen 109, 174, 188, 194-95; costs of building 75, 77, 132, 210-11; its history 75, 185; mast house 184; names of ships built 75, 77, 109,210-I1 Blakeney 57 Boddam (1787) 190-91 Bomb ketch 102 Bonetta (cl754) 34, 66 Bonetta, HMS (1836) 136 Bonington, R P artist, 166 Bootchips (Dutch) 34; compared with hagboat 41; hull-form in whaler 77 Bouguer, author 68 Boulton, Matthew, engineer 15 Boulton & Watt, 15-I6 Bountiful (c1782) 75 Bounty, HM ship, ex Bethia (1784), masts 51, 64 Braithwaite (1784) 211 Breeze (1805) 142, 145 Bridges, cast iron 733 Bndgewater (1785) 188, 191 Brig, by A Hall & Sons 138; Brocklebank's compared 121, 123; collier of 170 tons 139-41, 145; contrasted with mow 83, 85, 136, 138; largcsi 121: name derivation 81, 83: sail plan by, Chapman 83 Brig-forward; (schooner) 138 Brig-schooner 136, 138 Brigantine, contrasted with brig 81, 83, 85, 138, contrasted with schooner 8l, 91,136; developments in l8th century 81, 83, 85; examples 1800-15 136-38: 'true' 138 Brillant (1800), 209; hull-form 134; lines 135: model of 134 Brilliant (1813) 128 Brilliant (1814) 135 Bristol, builds West Indiamen 69-70; shipbuilding statistics 13-14 Britannia (c1781) 75 Britannia (1806) 2l0 Brockbank, John, shipbuilder 132, 157 Brocklebank, Daniel, shipbuilder 119-20,123-24 Brocklebank & Co, shipbuilders, costs 132; first barque 121: first schooner 157; plans collection 120, 1.57; shallops 124-26; ships listed and compared 119-23 Brodrick, Thomas, shipbuilder, 59, 131 Brunswick (1792) 210 Buckhinghamshire (1806) 186 Buffalo, HMS, ex Freemantle (1790). described 75; lines plan 74 Bureau, Captain 7,5 Burn, Thomas 132 Busbridge (1781) 210 Buss, herring 166 Cabalva (1811 j 210 Cabhouse 35 Cesar (1810) 211 Calcutta, tiMS 153 Caledonian (c1818) 133 Camboose 35 Cambria (brig) 203 Camillieri, N, artist, 119 Canal boats 16 Candia, (c1789 Dutch), 194 Canning (1817) 210 Capstands (capstans) 183 Carrier (1796), 123 Carnatic (1787) 189 Carnatic (1808) 210 Carswell John 134: see also Steele & Carswell Casey, Joseph, owner 85 Cat, Admiralty version 59, 61; described 36, 39-40; engraved by Steel 54; hove-to 40; hull-form 29, 36, 39-4(h lines plan 37; model 39, 40; perspectives of hull, 37, 39; pole masts 51, 53, 54; stern described 34, 39, 39, 61; with 2 masts 91 Cat-bark 61 Cat-built 58, 61 Catharina Maria (1810 Rostock), 160 Catherine (1818) 211 Cato (1801) 209 Caulkers 14 Centaur, HMS 183 Centreboands 170-71 Ceres (1779) 210 Ceres (1786) 210 Ceres (1796) 183 Ceres (1799), compared with Whitby brig, 147; described 123 Cervantes (1811) 209 Chaleur (American) 94 Chalke 101 105, 106 Chapelle, Howard I, author and naval architect 7; draws plans of shallops 126; lines of brigantine 151; on single- masted craft 101; reconstructs American ships 78, 149, 151; Reconstructs schooners 94, 156-57 Chapman, Frederick, of ballast lighter 105; bark's hull 29, 31-32, 31, 32, 87, 95, 100,101: bihander's hull 88 bilander's sail plan 86, 87; brig's sail plan 83, 83, 91; brigantine's sail plan 91; cat's hull 29, 36, 37, 39, 39,.51, 87; collects plans 88, 93, 99, 145; East Indiaman's hull 186, 187, 188; differencs between brig and snow 83; flute's hull 29, 32, 32, 34; frigate's hull 28, 29, 30, 31, 96; hagboat's hull, 41, 41, 42; hoy's, hull 43, 43,101: hull form analyzed 29 et seq; ketch-rigged sail plans 101, 102, 160; lists qualities in a ship 64-65; pink's hull 29, 34.34, 101; plans, collection 35, 99, 106; plans copied 109; sail plans to scale 44; schooner's sail plan 95, 96; ship's sail plan 44, 68; single-masted craft sail plan 103-04, 105, 106; smack's hull 43; snow's sail plan 82; timber hoys compared with Brocklebank sloop 123; well k translated by Inman 68 Chapman (1777) 59 Charlene Dvndas, early steamer 16 Charnock Collection 186-87 Chat, see Cat Chebacco, boats, 107; dogbody 125; Chebec, lines and sail plan 53 Cherokee, ex Codrington (1773) 50; described 78 Chester, shipbuilding statistics 13 chesterfield (1780) 210 China trade, monopoly ended 184, 185, 201; restricted to Indiamen 173-74 Chronicles of the Blackwell Yard 187 Cirencester (1794) 185 Clara (1796) 119 Clarke, W 126 Clarimont (1744) 211 Cleopatra (1817) 126, 128 Clarmont(1807). early steamer 16 Clevrly,john, artist 172 Clinton (c1780) 75 Clio (1800) 209 Clio (1813 or 1816) compared 128, 131; hull-form 146, 169; lines plan 169; sail plan 169, 169: spar dimensions 169 Clyde (1797) 209 Clyde (1813) 135, 209 Coal trade 133 Codrington (1773 American) described 78; sails and spars 50, 75, 78 Collier Brig (Steel's), desk layout 140. 141; hull-form 139, 14.5; lines plan 141; perspective 140,141; sail plan 41,144,14.5-46 Colliers 139-46; barks, 31-32, 51, 139; rats 39, 139; drawings by Gwyn 51, 64; exploration ships 51, 58, 61, 64; loading 59 Colour,scheme, 149 Comet, early steamer 16 Congress (1818) 146 Constable, Mr 169, 169 Constance (1792) 75, 211 Construction, collier brig c805, 139-40; conversion of timber 26: plank thickness 182-83; stern 30-31. 34; see also trial, East Indiamen, Snodgrass Convicts 117 Cook, Lt,James, explorer 98; favours colliers 14, 59; promoted 61 Choke. E W artist 77, 142, 145 Cooke, W B, engraver77 Copper sheathing 179 Coromandel (1820), compared with model, 204; crew 206; described 75, 205; lines plan 204; hull-iimt 205-6: log extracts 206; passages 206 Costs, Artic Whalers 22; Balfour (1809) 147; Blackwell Yard 75, 77, 210-11; building brigs 92, 141; building in America 149-51; building 1796-1815 132; building in 1806 117; building East Indiamen 174; building whalers 22; building at Whitby 59; chartering 'extra' ship 206; Earl of Pembroke 58; hiring transports 21-22; purchase price of ship 79; sale prices of big East Indiamem, 186, 195; schooner Plough 153; tendering East Indiamen 25-26; Three-mast schooner in 1807, 157-8; whalers 135; whaling subsidies 21 Coverdale (1795) 131 Coults (1796) 183 Crescent (1816) 209 Cropper. Benson & Co, owners 135, 209 Crown, James, shipbuilder 132 Crew , East Indiamen 173, 196; large brig in 1809 147; large in East Indiamen 202, 206; listed in Farquharson, 202-03; reduced numbers 14; small Indiamen 206; snow c1870 147; slaver 72 Crowley (1789) 75, 141, 211 Crown (1821) 121 Cruickshank, Capt W, 202 Cryer (rig in 1781) 81 Culland's Grove (1801) 131 Culloden, HM74-gun ship 181 Cumberland (1800) hull-form 120-21, 135; lines plan 119; shallop on deck 124 Cupid (1777) described 79-80; hull-form 79; lines plan 69, 69, 149; sail plan 80.80, spars listed 80; step of mizen 79, 114 Curlew (1794) 157 Cusnells (1795) 183 Cutter, bought by Admiralty 106; built by Brocklebank 123; Chapman's sail plan 103, 105; see also Sloop Cynthia, HM sloop 170 Dandridge, Charles, draughtsman 196, 198 Dandy 101 Daniell, William, artist 126 Danish Asiatic Company 184 Danish whalers 23, 77 Davis, Ralph, author 14 De Goede Hoop 20 do Wint, Peter, artist 16.3 Deck fittings, capstans 183; collier brig 140; colour scheme 149; Fort of Pembroke 61; East Indiaman 198; Hillhouse vessel 117, 118; rough-tree rail 87; ship of 330 tons 110; whalers 77 Deck layout. East Indiamen 187, 197; in perspective 66, 116, 141; naval storeships 75; ship of 330 tons 111 Defiance (l785) 155 Depth to length ratio 121, 134-35 Design, at end of I8th century 64 el seq; Hutchinson quoted 72; of East Indiamen 186-92: using arcs of circles 34, 146; writers on naval architecture 15, 64,66, 109, 146 Delaford (1787) 211 Diamond (1749) 211 Diana (1785) 57 Diana (1798) 209 Die Frau Marica (1802) 170, 170 Dingley,, Dr E A, 136 Dispatch, HM sloop, ex Navy Transport, ex Zephyr 87 Dispatch (1803) 209 Dodd, Robert, artist 10, 16, 65 Dogbody 125 Dogger 101 Dogger (Dutch), comparison 101; drawn by 0zanne 103; sail plan as ketch 102; stern 33 dolphin, HM brigantine, 136 Dolphin striker, Bark examples 44, 54, 114, 189 Don (1814) 135 Doughty, William, naval architect 151 Drake, HM, sloop, ex Marquis of Granby (1769) 61 Drop keels 170-71 Dryad (1801) 123 du Monceau, Duhamel, naval writer, 66 Duchess of Athol (1820) 210 Duchess of Manchester, ex Pleasant Mary (1757), deck layout 87; hull-form 87; lines plan 85; 149; rigs of brig and snow 83, 85; sail plan, 85; spar dimension, 83 Duck'ld Hall (1784) 211 Dudman & Co, shipbuilders 75, 185 Duke of 5ussex (1826) 185 Duke of York (1811) 133 Duke of York (1817) 210 Dundas (1786) 210 Dundas, Lord 16 Dundas, Rt Hon Henry, 182 Dunira (1817; 210 Dutch, East Indiamen 42, 194; shipping 20-21; slavers 20; wlolets 20, 22. 77;see also Bilander, Dogger, Flute, Galliot, Hooker, Hoy, Kof, Smack Dutchess of Manchester see Duchess of Manchester Earl Howe (1794) 183 Earl of Abergavenny (1796? 181, 183 Earl of Balcarras (or Balcarres) (1815) 177, 181, 186 Earl of Egmont (1767-68) 94 Earl of Hertford (1780) 210 Earl of Lonsdale (1798) 123, 123 Earl of Pembroke (1764), cat-built 58, 61; dimensions 58; hull-form compared 61; lines plan 58, 59; mizen lower mast 51, 63-64; original plans 59; sail plan 63, 63-64 Earl Spencer (1795) 210 East Talbot (1796) 183 East India Company (The Honorourable), carry troops 203, 203, 206; charter Coromandel 206; convoys 184; Court of Directors 23-26, 174-75, 180, 182-83; extra ships 26, 173, 192, 206; India-built ships 24; last ships to be built 187; monopolies ended 184, 187; not shipowners 173-74; packet 138; regular ships 186; shipping statitics 24; size of crew 203; tendering prices 25-26, 175; tonnage increases 173, 181, 187-92; see also East Indiamen East India House 175 East Indiamen, animals on deck 204; armament 180-81, 196; building costs 174 et seq; Danish 192; cost of shares 26; design appraisal 23-24, 188-92, 206; dutch 42, 194; examples built in Blackwall Yard 109, 188, 210; extra ships 26, 204, 206; compared with men-of-war 179, 180-83; french 192, 195; hereditary bottoms 174; husbands 174, 179; improvements by Snodgras, 182-83; iron knees 183; largest ships listed 181; last ships 185; life prolonged 179; mostly built in London 12; perspective of hull 31, 186; regular ships 26, 173, 206; rigging details 202-02; set flying kites 200-01; sails and spars analyzed 199-200; sail planncompared with warship 188, 200; sale of ships 186, 195; spar dimensions 199; scantlings 179-80; speeds 203-04, 206; Swedish influence 188; voyages increased 23-24, 179; see also East India Company, Snodgrass Edinburgh (1825) 184, 185, 210 Edson, MA jnr 78 Edward (1797) 147 Edye, John, naval writer 200 Elements and Practice of Naval Architecture (Steel) 109, 139, 188 Elements and Practice of Rigging and Steamship, see Rigging and Steamship (=abbreviated title) Eliza (1813 sloop) 135, 209 Eliza (1815) 211 Elliott, Joseph, draughtsman 72 Elliott (1782) 210 Emelia (1782) 23 Emigrant ships 21 Encyclopedie Methodique Endeavor, MS, ex Earl of Pembroke (1764), dimensions 58; first voyage 57-58; mizen lower mast 51, 63-64; model 56; not a cat's stern 59, 61; plans 59; see also Earl of Pembroke enterprise (c1804) Esk (1781) 59 Essex (1780) 210 Essex (1803), possible plan 109, 188, 210 Essex (1812), vast sail area, 201, 201 Euler L, naval writer 15 Europa (1781) 210 Europe (1803) 109 Exeter (1776), compared with Earl of Pembroke 59; compared with a whaler 77; hull-form 69-70; lines plan 69, 69, 116 Experiment (c1800) American) 156 Experiment (1802) 123, 157 Experiment (early 5-mast barque) 14 Exploration ships 51 Falconer, William, comments on bilander 87; defines bark 23, 51; defines brig 83; defines cat 36, 39, 61 defines flute 32, 34; describes shallops 124; illustrates brigantine 81, 81; illustrates schooners 96; illustrates sterns 33, 39; refers to hagboats 41 Falmouth (1752), described 187 Fame (1795) 154, 154 Fame (1818) 22 Farquharson (1820), armament 196; compared with Coromandel 205; crew listed 206; deck layouts 196, 196, 198-99; hull form 195; lines plan 195, 196; log book extracts 199-203; picture discussed, 198, 198-99, 202; sail plan 198-201, 201, 202; sails listed 200; spar dimensions 200; speed 203-04; towed to sea 16; voyages 202-04 Farr, Grahame, on ketches 163-64 Fast Sailing Ships (MacGregor), Brocklebank ships 119; brigantine examples 138; describes Hilhouse ships 116; describes Transit 158; field of study 7; influence of design 188; plan of Dolphin 136; sail plan of Neilson 146; ships with flying kites 200-01 Favorite (1785) 141, 142 Favorite (1790) 59 Fawcett, Peat & Co, shipbuilders 132 Ferguson, Gilbert, surveyor 26 Fielding, Copley, artist 138, 145, 145 Figurehead cost 150 Filati, Egidio, artist 87 Finch, Roger, author 56, 103 Fincham, John, spar dimensions 153, 153, plan of Transit 158, 160 Fishburn, Thomas, shipbuilder 58-59 Fishburn & Broderick, shipbuilders 59, 131 Fisher, John, shipbuilder 72 Fitch, John, engineer 16 Flight (Dutch) 33, 34 Flute, compared with bark 84; illustrated 32, 33; hull-form 29, 32, 32, 34; hull-form in whaler 77; its successors 91; lines plan 32; stern 20, 33 Fly, MH, cutter (in 1763), sail plan 99, 103 Fly (in 1811 schooner) 155, 156 Fly-boat (or 'Flight') 32, 34, 39 Flying Fish, HM, schooner, ex Revenge (c1806) 157-58 Flying kites 49-50, 55, 200-01; see also Sails Forester, CS, author 184 Forester, HM brigantine, 136 Forfait, P A L, naval writer 44 Fort William (1788) 211 Fortitude (1799 or 1814) 128 Fortuna (c1795) 51 Fortuna (c1805) 19 Fowlis (1782) 210 Francia, F L T, artist 77, 166, 166 Freemantle (c1790) 75 Freight rates, in East Indiamen 24-26 French, nautical words 94; slavers 20 73-75; whalers 22 French East India Company 184 Freya (1805) 128 Friendship (1773) 211 Frigate (Chapman's) hull-form 29, 31 41; lines plan 28; perspective 30 Frigate (naval) 179, 181 'Full-rigged ship without a foremast' 163 Fulton, Robert, engineer 16 Galleas, examples 101, 160, 163; square stern, 160; Swedish 101, 161; used in Baltic 102 Galliot, Dutch 3 masted 43; examples 160, 161, 163, 166; hoy 165; ketch rigged, 157; round stern 33, 34, 43, 160; use of term in England, 163; see also Ketch Ganges (1796) 181, 183 Garland (1801) 209 Garneray, artist 50 Genoese pink 137 George the Fourth (1825) 185 Gerner, Jenrik, shipbuilder 14, 75 Gibson, John, F, author 120 Glasgow, HM, 50-gun ship (1814) 181 Glasgow (1826) 154 Glatton (1795) 183 Glover, shipowner 75 Goodchild, shipbuilder 132 Gordon, Thomas, inventor 170 Gordon & Co, shipbuilder 195 Gower, Capt Richard 158, 160 Grace (1812) 209 Granby (in 1767) 189-90 Grant, Charles, chairman E I Co 186, 192 Grasshopper, ex London (1770) described 78; spars described 50, 79; spars listed 80 Green, George, shipbuilder 185 Green, Richard, shilbuilder 185 Green & Wigram, shipbuilders 185 Griffon HM, brigantine 136 Groenewegen, G, draws Dutch small craft 103; draws Dutch snow 65; draws schooner 96; illustrator 34, 43; sails on mizen 51, 54; whaler 20 sails on mizen 51, 54; whaler 20 Guilbert, naval architect 73, 73, 192, 195 Guildford (1810) 211 Gustav III (1778 Swedish) designed by Chapman 188 Gustavus III (1778 Swedish); anglicized name 188 Gwyn, Edward, draws brigantine 91; draws Coal Brig 40; draws collier barque 39, 51; draws royals 64; draws schooners 96, 98, 98 Hagboat, compared with cat 36, 39; hull-form 29, 36, 41; lines plan 41; perspective 42 Half-model, bracket type 59, 134; early example 61 Halifax (c1765) 94 Hall (1785), design 72; hull-form 72-73; lines plan and engraving 70, 73; sails described 49-50, 55, 56 Hall, A, and Sons, shipbuilders 135, 138, 153 Hall Brothers, shipbuilders 132 Hamburg, whalers 23 Hampton, J N, modeller 56 Harland, John, author 50 Harmonien (1815) 149 Harmony (in 1880) 164 Harriott (1802) 109, 210 Hartley, John & Sons, owners 120, 129 Hartwell (1786) 173 Havelock, Thomas, shipbuilder 132 Hawke (1786) 210 Hay, Capt W, 26 Heckboat, see Hagboat Hedderwick, Peter, drop keels 171; Leith smack 139; rules for spar lengths 169; sail plan 154 Hekboot (Dutch) 28 Helena (1778), hull-form 96; lines plan 96, 97; sail plan 97, 97-98, 99; spar dimensions 96 Henrietta (1777) 22 Henrietta (1779) 75 Henry Addington (1795) 183 Henry George (1784) 210 Herald(1804) 134, 209 Hereditary bottoms 174 Herefordshire (1813), described 206-07 Hermaphrodite 136, 138 Hermaphrodite brig 136, 138 Hermaphrodite schooner 138 Heward, Benjamin 132 Hilhouse, George, shipbuilder 115-16 Hilhousc, James M, builds shallops 119, 124; collection of plans 69-70, 115, 167, 206; perspective 116; plan of East Indiaman 206; plan of sloop 167,169; plans analyzed 69-70; schooner plans 118-19; ships described 69-70, 115-19 Hilhouse. Robert, shipbuilder 116, 118 Hilhouse, Hill & Co, shipbuilders 115 Hill, Charles & Sons, shipbuilders 115 Hill, John C G 115 Hillman, John E I surveyor 177, 179 Hillsborough ;1774 East Indiaman) 210 Hillsborough (1774 packet, 74 tons) 211 Hillsborough (1783) 210 Hindostan (1796) 181, 183 Hindostan (in 1808), application to build 174; armament 180; under construction 177 Histoire de la Marine (Sebille) 195 Historisch Scheepvaart Museum 43 Hiotory of Naval Arichitecture (Fincham) 158,160 Hoffnung (1787) 54 Hoffnunge, ex Junge Janus (1780) 147, 147 Holland, importance of flute 33; See also Dutch Holman, Francis, artist 33, 111 Holmes, Joseph, jnr 149 Holsteen (1782) 192 Honourable East India Company, see East India Company Hooker, brig 43; fishing 101; ketch 101; three masts 43 Hope (1797) 181, 183 Hoy (Dutch), ketch 43, 101, 102, three masts 43, 43 Hoy (East India Compamy) 103, 104 Hoy (English) 103, 167; lines plan 101, 103, 104: sail plan 104, 104, 105,105 Huggins, W'J, artist, East Indiarnen 177, 202; ship with flying kites 201. 201 Hukergaliot (Dutch) 160 Hull, shipbuilding statistics 13-14; whaling trade 22 Hull-form, American ships in 1775 78; bark 29, 31-32; Bermudian sloops 107; Brocklebank brigs 121, 123; cat 29, 36, 39, 61; cat and bark compared 61; classifed by Chupman 29; collier brig in 1805 139; deep ships 121, 134-35; designed by arcs of circles, 146; East Indiamen 23-24, 186-92, 195; flute 29, 32, 34 frigate (Chapman's,) 29-31: haglxtat 29, 41; Hilhouse ships 69-7U, 116-17; north-country colliers 14; pink 29, 34; sharper form 31, 80,96,149; ship of 330 tons 109-10; slavers 73-74; storeships taken into Navy 75; West Indiamen 69-70, 72,109; Whitby colliers 59, 61; Whitby ships 128 Husbands of East Indiamen 174,179 Hutchinson, William, drawings and plans of Hll 56,70,72-73; on setting sails 49-50, 54-55,200; on ship design 59, 72, 139 Hydra (1778) 70 Hiperion (1810) 128, 131, 146 India Office Library, log books 199 India trade 23, 173; monopoly ended 184 Industry (cl 765) described 91 -92; lines plan 34,32 Inma Rev James 68 Inventory 150, 164 Iron, hanging knees 15, 34, 103,104, 179,183; hold pillars 183; no iron knees c l790, 110; shipbuilding 15-16 Irton (1793) bluff-bowed 119; hull-form 121, 123; lines 121; possible appearance 123 Isabella (1786 whaler) 76, 77 Jackass barque 56, 57 Jakob Keilland & Son (1799 Norwegian) 119 Jamaica (1774) 211 Jamaica (1790) 70 Jane and Sarah (1795) 123 James Munroe (American) 151 Java (1811) 208 Jenny (cl791) 157 Jobbins,J R, artist 138,177,196 Johanna Magdttlma (of Hamburg) 77 John (1803) compared to Whitby brig 147; deck layout 118; dimensions 118-19; hull-form 118; lines plan 116 John Barry (1814) 59 Joly (French) described 73-74; lines plan 73 Jones, D K, 126 Jones, Stephanie 21 Junge Janus (1780 Hamburg), 147, 147 Jupiter (1793) 119-20 Justinian (1787) 211 Kivionneer boot (Dutch) 96 Kai (Dutch) 34,40; S89 also Cat Kent (1819) 203,210 Ketch, Continental equivalents 101, 102, 160, 163; early development 99, 101 -04, 163-64; fore-and-aft 163; 166, rig on hay 43; rig on pink 34; sail plans 102; square-rigged 158,163; three nationalities compared 101; variations described 99-103,160-66; see also Galleas, Galliot King George (1784) 25 King George (1804) 120 Kitty (1784) 17 "Kof, Dutch ketch 164, 166, 166 Kray 53 La Sophie, see Sophie Lady Burgess (1799) 109, 210 Lady Burgess (in 1808) armament 180; under construction 177 Lady Gordon (1817) 131 Lady Juliana (1769) 65 Lady Melville (1813) 174,210 Lady Raffles(1817) 205 Laing, David 132 Laing, John, shipbuilder 132-33 Laing, Philip, shipbuilder 132-33 Lancaster, shipbuilding statistics 13 Lancaster ex Pigot, HM 65-gun ship 181 Landovery (1774) 21.1 Langbourne, George and Nathaniel 59 Larkins, John P, ship's husband 174-75,177 Launch, broadside 132; stem first 13 Leander (1799) 135, 209 Lee-boards 103,106,166,170-71 Leith smack 59 Lescallier, Antoine, defines Cat 39, 5 1, 53, 61; defines Schooner 9&, describes Bark 27; describes Flute 34; his sail plans 44, 49; ignores Hagboats; 41; illustrates Bilander 87, 87 Lever, Darcy, book Published 114; on jackass barques'56, 57, 113; on royal yards 44; on setting stunsails 50; rigging details 145; use of main staysail 146 Liberty and Preperty (1752) half-model 59; hull-form 61; rigged model 61 Liverpool, shipbuilding statistics 13-14; slave trade 20-21 Lloyd's Register 12; rigs recognized 1781 81 L'Olympe (French slaver) sail plan 73,74 London (cl750) 187 London (1770 American) hull-form 78; spars described 50, 75; see also Grasshopper London (1779) 210 London (1817) 201 London, shipbuilding statistics 12-14 Lanning, T E, artist 192 Lord Duncan (1798) 132,210 Lord Lowther (1825) 185 v, Lord Macartnisy (cl791) 184 Lowther Castle (1811) 181, 204 Lubbock, Basil, author 201 Lucy (1806) described 149-50; inventory 150 Luny, Thomas, artist, draws gaff topsail 98; draws ketches 163,166; draws shallops 126; paints Indianian 25,191; paints merchant ships 63,78; sketches brigantine 91 Lute stem 34, 104 Lyman, John 87,103 Lyon, David 88,99,106 Macartney (1782) 210 Machine tools 15 Mackerel (1790) 123 Maitland (1865) 201 'Maphrodite' 81; see also Hermaphrodite Main-topsail brigantine 136,153 Main-topsail schooner 153, 157 Marchioness of Ely 210 Marine Models 198 Manner (1805) 134-35,209 Marlborough (in 1730),174 Maria (1808) 209 Marquis of Ely (1801) 109,188,210 Marquis of Granby (1769) 61 Marquis ofRockingbam (1770) 59, 61 Marquis of Worcester (cl790) 70 Mary (1803) 209 Mary Ann (1794) 123 Maryport, ship launch 132 Mast see Spars Masting of Ships (Fincham), 138,153, 153 Matilda (1829) 138 Mechanical advances 15-16 Mediator (c 1 745 Bermudian), 107 Medina (1811) 135 Meeremin (Dutch) 42,43 Medora (c 1811) 35 Merchant Ship of 330-tons, deck layout 109-10, 111; frame expansion 111; hull-form 109; lines plan 109, 110; reconstruction of sail plan 110, 113, 114; spar dimensions 80,113 Mercurius (Dutch) 54 Micklefield, Capt, 174 Milford (1804) 127 Millett, George, appraises design of East Indiamen 188-92,206; appraises design of extra ships 206; compares regular and extra ships 26, 206 Milner, Thomas, shipowner 58 Minerva (in 1759) 63 Minerva (1785) 2 10 Minerva (1812) 175 Misticque (cl750-86) lines, deck and sail plans, 53 Moina (1779) 209 Molly (17 59) 21 Money, Rev William, 183,204 Montgomery (1799) 121 Moore, Sir Alan, 103,160 Morris, E P, author, 94, 101 Moses, Henry, artist 138, 207 Munro, G W, 198 Murray, Mungo, author 66; compares bilander with snow 87; design methods, 146; offsets of Indiamen 187; offsets of merchantmen, 87; plan of pink, 34 Museum fur Hamburgische Geschichte 147,147 Nance, R Morton, author 101, 103,160 Nantucket, whalers 22-23 National Maritime Museum (Greenwich), collection of Admiralty draughts 11, 75, 77, 87; model of cat, 39; plans of captured merchant ships, 11, 77-78; plans of Earl of Pembroke, 59 Naval Schooner for Port Jackson (1802-3), altered from sloop, 151 design 146,153; lines and sail plan 153,153-54; spar dimensions 153-54 Navigation Laws 17-18,24 Navy Board 21, 58, 61 Navy Office School of Naval Architecture 146 Navy Transport, ex Zephyr (1799) 87 Neilson (1824) sail plan 146 Nelson (1806) cross section 114,117; cost 117 Neptune (in 1767) 1&2 Neptune(1796)181,183 Neried (1808) 209 New Amelia (1767) 78 New Triton (1814) 123 Newcastle, shipbuilding statistics, 13 Norfolk whalers 57 North Rim (1807, early steamer) 16 Norval (1814) 209 Norwegian cats 36, 39 Nottingham (1786) 173, 188 Oliver Cromwell (cl778), spars and rigging 50,212 (Ref 28 in Chapter 2) Orient (1810) described 146-47; listed 128 Orwell (1817) 174 Oscar (1815) 209 Oxford (cl778) 210 Ozanne N M, artist 91 Ozanne, Pierre, etches small brig 81, 107 Padstow lighters, 127 Paris, Admiral E, plans of galliot 43; Rees'Indiaman plan 188; sail plan of slaver 73, 75 Parker Gallery Ltd, 198 Parkinson, C Northcote, author 188 Parr (1797) 70 Partington, C F 166 Patache 90 Pearle (1751) 211 Peggy (1791) described 98; 125-26 drop keels 171 Penelope (1796) 132 Perseverance (1788) 119 Perry,John & Co, shipbuilders 184,185 Perry, Sons & Green, shipbuilders 183 Perry, Wells & Green, shipbuilders 185,201 Petrejus, E W, cited 53 Photographs, early 175 Pigot (1796) 181, 210 Pilgrim (1779) 70 Pilgrim (1787) 69-70 Pilot boat (American) 125 Pink, compared with cat, 36, 39; hull-form 29, 30, 34 Pink stem, on brig 91; on cat 39-40; on chebacco boat 107, 125; on boy 103, 104, on merchant vessels 34; on schooner 101; on ship 35,36; used less 91 Pinky 107 Pitcher, shipbuilder 185, 192 Pleasant May (1757 American) 80,85, 85 Plough (1811) described, 153-54; sail plan 135,153,154 Plymouth (1741) 92 Pocock, Nicholas, draws dolphin striker 114; draws kctch 164; draws trow 163 Polacca 91, 136; me also Polacre Polacre 51, 53 Pole masts, 53, 53 PortJackson, schooner built for 118, 146,153 Post Office packet, 116 Postlethwaite (1797) 132 Press gang 117 Prince Regent (1811) 210 Princess of Wales (1807) 209 Princess Royal (1769) 172 Princess Royal (1786) 191 Privateers 31, 80, 96 Prizes, statistics 12 Profits, from shipping 26; from slave trade 19 Prosperity (c 1782) 7 5 Pusey Hall (1808) 132 Quayle, George 171 Queen (in 1767) 189 Raleigh HM, ship, ex Marquis of Rockingham (1770), 59, 61, 63-64 Randall & Co, shipbuilder 185 Raymond (1782) 210 Rebecca (1816) 134 Rees, Abraham, encyclopedia 188, 189,198 Registry, early Acts 17-18 Reliance (1827) 185 Report on the Admeasurement of Shipping for Tonnage (Steele) 135 Repulse (1819) 210 Resolute (cI805 American) 149 Resolution HM ship, ex Drake, ex Marquis of Granby (1770) 61, 64, 98 Resolution (1803) 22 Retreat (1801) 26 Revenge (cI806 American) 157 Rice, William M, naval architect 146 Richardson, Thomas 76 Rigging and Seamanship (Steel), 44, 47, 49,138,146 Rigging, at end of 18th century, 44-57; on collier brig, 145-0; on East Indianian, 202; ship of 330 tons, 114 Robertson, John 16 Rogers,J, artist 158 Romme, N C, author 44 Rose (1810) 210 Rotch, William, whaler 22 Round-sterned ships 29-31, 39-40,43, 91, 160 Roux, Antoine, artist 53 Royal Admiral (cl776) 190 Royal Charlotte (1796) 181, 183 Royal George (1802) 109,188,210 Royal George (1819) 210 Royal Navy, acquires American vessels 50, 77-78, 94, 156-57; hires transports 1775-83,21,75,78; makes plans of captured ships, 11, 78; see also Admiralty Royal Society 57 Ruby (1749) 211 Rudd, Henry 132 Rudder, round-headed 110, 182-83, 188; jury 182 Rumsey, James, engineer 16 Running ships 177 Sail plans, alterations c1800 114; American ships in l8th century 78-80; brig and snow compared 83, 85; Chapman's recommendations 68; collier brigs 141, 145-46; confusion over brigantines 136; drawn in l8th century 44; East Indiamen 198-202; French slaver 74-75; merchant ship c1805 114; published by Steel 44, 47, 49 Sails, 'angel's footstool' 201; bilander's mainsail 87, 91; deep topgallants 74, 78; deeply-roached topsails 96,98, 99, 101, 170; driver 54-55, 55, 78; flying kites 49-50, 201, 201, 206; gaff topsails 57, 98; large gaff mainsail in ships and barques 56, 57, 121; lateen on ensign staff 67,87; main staysail 146; mizen or mizen course 53-54; 74, 75; mizen stunsails 200, 206; moonsails 200-01, 201; mizen mast in l8th century 44, 50-51, 53-54,67; on sloop 169; royals in 18th century 50 setting of stunsails 50; spindle staysails 55, 200, 206; spanker evolves 54,55, spritsait 55; spritsail topsail 55;.'star gazer'201; stunsails in East Indiamen 199-201, 201, 206; topgallant royal 44,55 114; unusual staysails 191 St Ann (1736) 92 St Helena (1814) 138,210 St Vincent (1797) 109, 211 St Vincent (1804)114,117 Saint John woodboat 125 Salisbury, W, draws out Mungo Murray's offsets 34, 88, 187; on bilanders 87-88, plan of East Indianian 187; plan of Two Sisters 63; takes off lines 61 Salmon, Robert, artist 4, 131, 135 Sappho (1821) 116 Sawyers working 27 Scaife, Capt 132 Scaleby Castle (1798) 186 Schank, Capt 170-71 Schooner, American in 18th century 92, 94; Brocklebank's first l23; 'common' 153; contrasted with brigantine 91, 136,138; conversion into brig 157; early developments 92; examples with two masts 92-99, 151-57; first in Navy 94; fore-and-aft 92, 96, 98, 15 1; listed by Fincham 138; name for brigantine 136,138; rig on shallops 124-25; square sails on each mast 97-98; three-masted 157-58 Schooner for PortJackson, altered from sloop 153; design 153; frame elevation 153; hull-form and deck layout 153; plan of lines and sails 153, 153-54 Schooner, brig 136 Scipio (1797) 121 Scoresby, Capt W, 22 See Lark, Hm, schooner, ex FO (in 1811), hull-form 156; fines plan 154, 156; sail plan 154,156 Seamanship, in cats and barks 49; in coal trade 139; in East Indiamen 199, 203, 20&, in jackass barques 57; qualities needed 64-66; setting stunsails 50; under sail 49-50, 55 Seamanship (Harland) 50 Search for Speed and Sail (Chapelle) 127, 149,151 Sebille, Albert, author 195 Shallop, built by Hilhouse 119; compared with dogbody 125; listed 119,124; open-decked 127,166; rigged as schooner 98, 124, with 3 masts 127 Shallop (Brocklebank's) 123; compared with schooners 118, 124; lescribed 124-26; lines plan and sail plan 125 Shamrock-class, HM, 3-mast schooners 157 Shawfield (1812) 209 Shipbuilding statistics 12-14 Shipping and Craft (Cooke) 145 Shipping industry, profits 26 Ships, large in l8th century 75; size increasing 14 Shipwright's Vade Mecum (Steel) 109- 10, 111, 146 Shipwrights listed 14 Shuldham, Molyneux 171 Sir Edward Hawke (1767-78) 94 Sir Geoffrey Webster (1799) 211 Sir Stephen Lushington (1795) 183 Sisters (1801) 134, 209 Skoot (rig in 1781) 81 Slave ships 19-20; British 17, 70, 71, 72-73; French 19, 73, 73-75 Slave trade 19-21, 70; profits 19 Sliding keels 170-71 Sloop, by Brocklebank 123; Chapman's sail plan 103-04, 105; examples 99 et seq, 167- 70; hull similar to square-rigger 167,169; popular rig for coasters 151; preferred to schooner 151, 157; Steel's plan described 167; with square sails 170; see also Cutter Sloop & Shallops (Baker) 125 Smack 92; of Leith 59 Smack (Dutch), engraving 101; hull-form 43; lines plan 43 Smales, H W, collector 127 Smith, Nathaniel 188 Smuggling, Act 106,139; shallop proscribed 124 Snodgrass, Gabriel, career 181-82; design of Indiamen improved 23-24; evidence to committee 23-24; improvements.specified 181-83; on capstands 183; on iron knees 103, 183; letter to Dundas quoted 182-83; recommendations on construction 23-249 179; warship and Indiaman compared 179,188 Snow, contrasted with brig 83, 85; rig described 81, 83; sail plan by Chapman 82; termed brig after 1815 138 Sophie (French East Indiaman) 195 Southampton (1777) 210 Souvenirs de Marine (Paris) 42,53,73, 74, 188 Sovereign (1801) 195 Spar dimensions, rules for calculating 110, 145, 169 Spars, bentinck boom 147, 151; bowsprits 54; crossjack yard on bilander 87-88,91; crossjack yard on brig 138; crossjack yard on schooner 98, 153; crossjack yard on East Indiaman 199-200; fidded royal masts 135-36,199; French terminology 82; main yard 88,91; mast lengths compared 64,80; mizen mast on snow 138; mizen stepped on lower deck 79-80,114, 199; mizen topgallant mast in l8th century 50-51; mizen yard 53-54, 74, 75; Navy shortens ex-colliers 61; sliding gunter masts 199; spread yard 85,97, 154; stepping masts 23; topsail yards below mast cap 154,154, 156,160, 170; trysail topmast 147; "if mast 85, 138; see also Pole masts Speaker (1762) 190 Spinster (1804) 134, 209 Square tuck stem 29-31 Stalkartt, Marmaduke 109 Stammers, Michael 120 Statistics, British shipping 12,21; shipbuilding 1790 and 1804 12-13; shipwrights 14; size of crew 141; size of ships 14; slaves and slavers 20; whaling in 1788 22 Steam engines 15-16 Steel, David, author of Rigging and Seamanship 44,114; defines schooner 98; design methods 146, engraving of cat 54; engraving of bilander 87; no plan of British schooner 156; plan of collier 139,141,145; plan of East Indiaman 181; plans of hoy and sloop 167; plans of merchantmen listed 109; plans of sails and rigging 44-49, spar dimemions listed 113,199 Steele, James 134, 209 Steele, Robert, & CD, shipbuilders 134-35 Steele & Carswell, shipbuilders 134-35; list of ships built 209 Stephenson, George, engineer 15 Stevens, John, author 34 Steward, Capt Gabriel 182 Sucess (cl80l) 157 Sultana (1767) 92 Sunderland, cast iron bridge 133; names of shipbuilders 132-33; shipbuilding statistics 13-14, 133 Sutherland, William, naval writer 146 Swaine, Francis, artist 64,88 Swan(1800) 209 Swedish East India Company 184 Swedish East Indiamen 188 Swift (cl787-88) 211 Symington, William, engineer 16 Symonds, Sir William, designer 136 Szymanski, Hans, author 154,160 Talbot (1778) 2 10 Talbot (1796) 210 Tartaric, 113,163 Tea, cargo of Indiaman 173 Teast, Sydenham, shipbuilder 157 Tellidierry (1795) 183 Tenby harbour 12 Thames (1794 West Indiaman) 211 Thames (1795-96 East Indianian) 183, 210 Themis (1792) 132 Thenis (1806 Bremen) 160 Thetis (1811) 128 Thomas (1800) sail plan 145 Thomas and Stephen (cl815), 167 Three Sisters (1788), cost 211; dimensions 109; similarity to ship of 330 tons 77, 109, 111, 16 Thyme (1773)211 Timber trade 59 Tjalk (Dutch) 103,105,118 Tobin, G, artist 95 Tonnage, measurement before 1836, 139, 192; depth riot measured 192, 158 Trader (1815) 209 Transit (1800), design 158; early barquentinc 158,160; sail plans 158, 158; lines plan 160 Transit (I 8D9) 160 Transit (1819) 160 Transport& 19,21-22, 75 Travers (18DO) 195 Treatise on Shipbuilding (Murray) 34,66, 187; see also Mungo Murray Trevithick, Richard, engineer 15 Trial, HM, cutter (1791) 170 Triangular route 19 Trim (1799) 209 Trinidad (1810) 209 Trow, as ketch 163; one and two masts 163 True brigantine 138 True Briton (1790) 191 Turner, J M W, artist 15 Turners (1786) 211 Two Sisters (1783) 63 Union (1764) 59 . United KingAm (1801) 210 Valentine(el768)58 Vanguard, HM, 74-gun ship (1787) 181 Virginia pilot boat 126 Vittoria (1813) 209 223 Volunteer (1756) 40 Volunteer (1803) 120 Walker (1799) 75, 109, 211 WalmerCastle (1796) 181, 183 Walpole (1798) 109, 210 Walthamstow (1799) log book extracts 183-84, 204-05 Ward, T William, draws bow, 108; draws animals aboard Indianian 204; draws collier brig 140, 141, 146 Ward, William, shipowner 72 Warley (1788) 210 Warley (1796) 181, 183, 210 Warners (1772) 211 Warren Hastings (1808) application to build 174; cost 210; of good quality 194; under construction 175, 177 Wars, American Independence 12, 21-22, 25, 75, 78, 80, 107; French Revolution 22-23; Napoleonic 131, 174, 204; Naval 1812, 80, 127; Seven Years 34 Warships, compared with East Indiamen 24,179; 181-83, 188, 195; construction 24, 182-83 Watt, James, engineer 10 Waterloo (1816) 210 Weatherill, Richard, cited 44 Webster, George, artist 90 Wellington (1814) 209 Wells, John, shipbuilder 185 Wells, John & William, shipbuilders, 185, 192; plan of Indiaman 187; Wells, Perry & Green 175, 177 Wells, William, shipbuilders 185 West Indies trade 19-20, 69-70, 117; convoy sighted 183; shallops used 118-19, 124-25;three-masted schooners, 157 West Indiamen, compared with American privateers 80; Danish 74, 75; plans of 69-70, 70, 72-73, 109, 117; prices 75, 77, 211 Whalers, Dutch 22, 77; costs 22, 75; flute hull 32; for sale 131; from Hamburg 77,151, 151; hull-form in 18th century 77;rigged as jackass barques 57 Whaling trade 22-23; Whitby, cats 40, 61; colliers 31; ship types 12, 59; shipbuilding 18th century 13-14, 59;shipbuilding 1800-15, 13, 127, 131; shipowning 12;transport service 21-22 Whitcombe,Thomas, artist 113, 114, 196,198, 198-99 Whitehaven, shipbuilding statistics, 13, 132 Wight (1787) 92 Wigram, Henry Loftus, 185 Wigram, John 26 Wigram, Money, shipbuilder 185 Wigram, Sir Robert, shipowner, 26, 183, 185, 210 Wigram, Wells & Green, shipbuilders 185 Wigrams & Green, shipbuilders 185 William Miles (1808), compared with Exeter 69, 116; compared with Aamaica 70; hull-form 116-17; lines plan 114; in trade 117 William Miles (1816)115, 117 William Pitt (1785) 210 Williams, Robert, ship's husband 174, 177, 180 Willoughby (1799) 211 Willoughby, Robert, artist 21, 149 Winterton (1781) Wisbech, snow at quay 136 Wood, John & Co, shipbuilders 16 Wood, Thomas, shipbuilder 132 Woodboat125 Woodford (1790) 210 Worcester (1785) 210 Worsfield, Capt T 59 Wyndham (1800) 109, 210 Yards, see Spars Yarmouth Brig 91, 147 York (1772)187 Youle, George 35 Young Sea Officer's Sheet Anchor (Lever) 56, 114, 145 Zephyr, HM, 14-gun sloop (1779) 87 Zephyr (c1783) 87 Ziba (1858) 199

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