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Table of contents for Pragmatic meaning and cognition / Sophia S.A. Marmaridou.


Contents

Acknowledgments                                              xi 
Introduction                                                  1
      1   Theoretical Perspectives on Pragmatic Meaning      13
    1.1   Introduction                                       13
    1.2   The philosophical perspective                      15
    1.3   The cognitive pragmatics perspective               25
    1.4   The societal perspective                           32
    1.5   Conclusions                                        38

      2   Towards an Experiential Approach to Pragmatic
          Meaning                                            42
    2.1   Introduction                                       42
    2.2   The objectivist paradigm in the study of 
          linguistic meaning: the semantics-pragmatics 
          dichotomy                                          43
    2.3   On experiential realism                            47
  2.3.1   The experiential perspective on reasoning and
          internalization                                    55
2.3.1.1   Reasoning                                          55
2.3.1.2   The issue of internalization                       57
  2.3.2   An experiential definition of pragmatics and 
          pragmatic meaning                                  60
    2.4   Conclusions                                        63

      3   On deixis                                          65
    3.1   Introduction                                       65
    3.2   A descriptive analysis of deixis                   68
  3.2.1   Some properties of deixis                          69
  3.2.2   Deictic categories                                 74
3.2.2.1   Person and social deixis                           74
3.2.2.2   Time deixis                                        82
3.2.2.3   Place deixis                                       86
3.2.2.4   Discourse deixis                                   93
    3.3   An experiential approach to deixis                 96
  3.3.1   The cognitive basis of deixis                      98
3.3.1.1   The ICM of deixis                                  98
3.3.1.2   An account of problems in the analysis of deixis  104
    3.4   Conclusions                                       115

      4   On presupposition                                 117
    4.1   Introduction                                      117
    4.2   Presuppositional phenomena and problems           119
  4.2.1   Traditional approaches to presupposition          120
  4.2.2   Defeasibility and the projection problem: towards 
          a pragmatic account                               125
4.2.2.1   Defeasibility                                     125
4.2.2.2   The projection problem                            127
  4.2.3   Some theoretical considerations                   132
4.2.3.1   The semantic approach                             133
4.2.3.2   The pragmatic approach                            136
  4.2.4   Towards a unified treatment of presupposition     140
    4.3   An experiential approach to presupposition        141
  4.3.1   Presupposition-triggering ICMs                    142
  4.3.2   Mental spaces and the construction of realities   149
    4.4   Conclusions                                       161

      5   On Speech Acts                                    163
    5.1   Introduction                                      163
    5.2   Speech act theory                                 167
  5.2.1   Origins of speech act theory                      168
  5.2.2   Development of speech act theory                  180
    5.3   Issues and problems in speech act theory          186
  5.3.1   The performative hypothesis                       187
  5.3.2   Conventionality and intentionality                189
  5.3.3   Criticisms of classical speech act theory         193
  5.3.4   The interactive character of speech acts and
          cognition                                         200
    5.4   An experiential approach to speech acts           207
  5.4.1   The ICM of speech acts                            209
  5.4.2   The prototypicality scale of speech acts          215
    5.5   Conclusions                                       221

      6   On Implicature                                    223
    6.1   Introduction                                      223
    6.2   Grice's theory of communication and implicature   226
    6.3   Issues and criticisms of the theory of 
          implicature                                       237
    6.4   Developments in the analysis of implicature       241
  6.4.1   The relevance theoretic approach                  242
  6.4.2   The neo-Gricean approach                          246
    6.5   An experiential approach to inferences and
          communication                                     248
  6.5.1   The experiential grounding of inferences          249
  6.5.2   Cognitive models of communication and inferences  261
    6.6   Conclusions                                       271

          Conclusions                                       273

          Notes                                             281
          References                                        288
          Subject Index                                     311
          Name Index                                        318