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Table of contents for Wallbangin' : graffiti and gangs in L.A. / Susan A. Phillips.


List of Illustrations				ix	4 African American Gang Graffiti			219
Acknowledgments			              xiii	  The Geertzian Ghetto					219
The Story of Graffiti			     xviii	  Bloods and Crips in the City of Angels		234
Introduction					 1	  The Three R's: Respect, Reputation, and Regulation 	235
							  Balancing Practical and Ideological Enmity		245
1 Graffiti for Beginners			13	  Graffiti as Gang Politicking				251
  Wallbangin'					20	  Hoods and Enemies: Levels of G'sta Identity		254
  Caging the Graffiti Beast			26	  The Little-Known World of Gang Alliance		263
  The L.A. Graffiti Infrastructure		33	  Power in Numbers: The Neighborhood as a
  Graffiti as Art and Language			39	    Mystical Symbol					271
  The Culture of Graffiti			45	  Historical Links through Time and Name		282
  The Politics of Graffiti			56	  An "F" in Penmanship					295
			                		  The Los Angeles Uprising: A Case in Point		298
2 Understanding Gangs				63	  The Gang Manifesto					303
  Gangs in Their Natural Habitat		66
  Multiple Marginality and Street Socialization	74	5 Hip-hop Graffiti					309
  Nested Political Concerns			78	  Bombing L.A.						309
  Gangs in a Cross-Cultural Context		81	  Comparing Hip-hop and Gang Graffiti			312
							  From Fame to Respect					315
3 Chicano Gang Graffiti				95	  Los Angeles's Graffiti Elite				327
  Ethnographic Lessons				95	  Local to Global					329
  Chicano L.A.				       108	  Conclusion						335
  The Family of Gangs			       113
  Representing through Graffiti		       117	6 Conclusion						339
  A Symbolic System of Boundaries	       148	  Gangs, Hybridity, and Institutionalization		340
  Gang Warfare			               167	  Cross-Ethnic Gang Relationships			343
  RIPS: Memorial Graffiti              	       177	  Paradoxes of the Gang World				346
  The Gangster Touch: Aesthetics and Style     182      
  Conclusion	                               213	  Notes							355
							  References						361
							  Index							371