The assimilation of immigrants in the U.S. labor market : employment and labor force turnover / Michael E. Hurst.

Hurst, Michael E., 1952-

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Figures																ix
Tables																xi
Acknowledgments													xiii

I. Introduction															3
	1.1 Background													4
	1.2 Issues of Immigration											7
	1.3 Focus of the Dissertation										9

II. Theories of Immigration											11
	2.1	The Decision to Migrate to a Foreign Country				11
	2.2 Assimilation and Self-Selection Hypotheses					15
	2.3 The Cohort Quality Hypothesis								19

III. Models of Labor Turnover and Unemployment					21
	3.1 Issues of Measurement-Stocks and Flows					22
	3.2	Causes of Unemployment-Turnover vs.  Lack of
     		Jobs                                                      			25
     3.3 Types of Unemployment                                      	     27
	3.4	Causes of Unemployment-Job Search, Rigid Wages,
			Disequilibria												28
	3.5 Search Theories												28
		A. Overview													28
		B. Search Strategies											30
		C. Voluntary Quits											31
		D. Criticisms													32
	3.6 Reservation Wages											32
	3.7 Finn-Specific Human Capital									33
	3.8 Employer Behavior											33
		A. Implicit Contracts											34
		B. Efficiency Wages											35
		C. Insider/Outsider Models									36
	3.9 Efficient Turnover											36

IV.	Empirical Evidence in the Literature								39
	4.1 Immigrant Labor Market Adjustment							39
	4.2 Unemployment and Labor Market Turnover					44
		A. Demographic Groups										45
		B. Unemployment Rates										46
		C. Separation Rates											46
		D. Quit Rates	47
		E. Labor Force Movement of Youth							47
     	F.Efficiency Wages and Firm-Specific Human
               Capital                    			                              49

V.The Theory of Immigrant Unemployment and Turnover,
	and Hypotheses													51

VI. Data Sources														59
	6.1 Current Population Survey									59
		A. Basic Survey Questions									60
		B. Supplements												60
	6.2 Survey of Income and Education								61
	6.3 The Combined Database										62
	6.4 Data Limitations												62

VII. The Model, Estimating Equations, and Methodology			65
	7.1 Functional Form and Dependent Variables					65
	7.2 Explanatory Variables										68
		A. Postinigration Acquisition of Labor Market Skills			68
		B. Wage Distribution, and the Cost of Search				68
		C. Local Labor Market Conditions							70
		D. Other Regional Effects									70
		E. Individual Value of Non-market Work					70
		F. Period Effects												71
		G. Other Individual Level Effects								72

VIII. Employment, Unemployment, Out of the Labor Force			83
	8.1 Basic Model Variables, Coefficients							83
	8.2 The Foreign Born Variables									99
	8.3 Disaggregation by Racial/Ethnic Group						110
	8.4 Summary of Chapter 8										123

IX. Job Losers, Job Leavers, Labor Force Entrants					125
	9. 1. The Basic Model												126
	9.2 The Foreign Born Variables									136
	9.3 Summary of Chapter 9										147

X. Search Duration-Weeks Looking for Work						149
	10. I Description of Model, and Problems						149
	10.2. Empirical Results-Basic Model								154
	10.3. The Foreign Born Variables								166
	10.4 Summary of Chapter 10										168

XI.Adjusting Unemployment Probabilities for Duration of

	Unemployment													171
	11. 1. Derivation of the Estimating Equations					172
	11.2. The Basic Model												177
	11.3 The Foreign Born Variables									181
	1 1.4 Summary of Chapter II										182

XII. Summary, Conclusions, Policy Implications						185
	12.1. The Assimilation Hypothesis								185
	12.2. Labor Force Hypotheses, and Study Design				186
	12.3 Summary of Findings, Base Variables						189
	12.4 Summary of Findings, Foreign Born Variables				191
	12.5. Discussion													194
	12.6 Policy Implications and Conclusion							196

Notes																	201
Appendices															203
	Appendix A.
Cited References														207