Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog
Counter

Table of contents for Islam and democracy : state-society relations in developing countries, 1980-1994 / Ali Reza Abootalebi.


Table of Contents

Preface                     ix

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION                     1
Methodology and Organization                        13
Overview of the Book                       24
Notes                                    26

CHAPTER 2 DEMOCRACY                     33
Democracy and Its Evolution                            33
Democracy and Its Prerequisites            38
Economic Development and Democracy                                  43
Democracy and Economic Inequality                       46
Culture and Democracy                          49
Sociopolitical Variables and Democracy              53
Religion and Democracy                     55
The Role of Ideology                      58
Islam and Democracy: Some Misconceptions        60
Notes              68

CHAPTER 3 THEORIES AND MEASURES                  77
OF DEMOCRACTIZATION

SOCIETY-STATE RELATIONS
AND DEMOCRATIZATION                          78
External Factors              79
Measures for the Explanatory Variables in This Study                      82
Democracy and The Quality of Human Development                  83
Democracy and the Human Development Index (HDI)                  84
Democracy and Economic Inequality or Poverty (AP)               85
Quality of Development and Poverty                   86
Organizational Unity of Labor (OUL)                    87

STATE-SOCIETY POWER RESOURCES                  89
State Power              89
State-Society Relations          92
Measures of State Power                 93
Measures of Society-State Power Relations                   94
Measures of Democratization in this Study                  95
Conclusion105
Notes106

CHAPTER 4 ISLAM, CIVIL SOCIETY,
AND DEMOCRACY            115
Current Studies of Islam in Politics: A Critique             117
Why Resurgent Islam?             120
Ideological Currents in Islam               126
Islam in Power               129
Current Ideological Struggle Within Islam                    133
Islam and the Debate on Civil Society                135
The Imperative of Institutionalized
Participation for Democracy                140
Islam in Electoral Politics                    142
Conclusion: Prospects for Democratization                 147
Policy Implications for Islamic Leaders                     150
Notes                 154

CHAPTER 5 EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
AND ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS
OF DEMOCRATIZATION                   163

ISLAM AND EMPIRICAL FINDINGS
OF PREVIOUS STUDIES              165
Alternative Hypotheses: GNP Per Capita,
and Knowledge Distribution                  169

THE VARIABLES AND THEIR CORRELATIONS                 174
Should-Be Democracies (Predicted Scores
Between 2.3 and 2.9)                 189

THE NEAR-DEMOCRACIES IN
LESS-DEVELOPED COUNTRIES          192
More-Plausible Near-Democracies
(Predicted Scores Between 3.0 and 3.9)               193
Less-Plausible Potential Near-Democracies
(Predicted Scores Between 4.1 and 4.7)              199
Least-Plausible Potential-Democracies
(Predicted Scores Between 5.1 and 5.8)             206
Conclusion             208
Notes            208

CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION              213
APPENDIX    I .A
Measures of Organizational Unity of Labor in
Selected Less-Developed Countries, Circa 1987              223
APPENDIX   I..B
Measures of Organizational Unity of Labor in
Selected Less-Developed Countries, Circa 1992                 229
APPENDIX II
Central Government Expenditures as Percentage
of GNP for Selected Years (Average)                  233
APPENDIX III                         226
Selected Less-Developed Countries'
Vital Statistics                      237
INDEX            243