Table of contents for The St. Martin's guide to writing / Rise B. Axelrod, Charles R. Cooper.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog


Information from electronic data provided by the publisher. May be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Note: Chapters 3-10 have the same basic structure as Chapter 2. For the sake of brevity, the recurring structure is not repeated in this abridged table of contents.

Preface

For Students: How to Use The St. Martin’s Guide

1. Introduction

Why Writing Is Important


Writing Influences the Ways You Think



Writing Contributes to Learning


Writing Fosters Personal Development


Writing Connects You to Others


Writing Promotes Success in College and at Work

How Writing Is Learned


Reading


Writing

Conditions for Reading and Writing


Thinking Critically

PART I. WRITING ACTIVITIES

2. Remembering Events


In College Courses


In the Community


In the Workplace

Readings


Jean Brandt, Calling Home (annotated student essay)


Annie Dillard, An American Childhood


Tobias Wolff,
On Being a Real Westerner


Rick Bragg, 100 Miles per Hour, Upside Down and Sideways

Purpose and Audience

Basic Features: Remembering Events

Guide to Writing


The Writing Assignment


Invention and Research


Planning and Drafting


Critical Reading Guide


Revising


Editing and Proofreading

A Writer at Work


From Invention to Draft to Revision


Designing Your Work

Thinking Critically about What You Have Learned


Reflecting on Your Writing


Reviewing What You Learned from Reading


Considering the Social Dimensions of Essays about Remembered Events



3. Writing Profiles

Readings


Brian Cable, The Last Stop (annotated student essay)


John T. Edge, I’m Not Leaving Until I Eat This Thing


]Amanda Coyne, The Long Good-Bye: Mother’s Day in Federal Prison


]John McPhee, The New York Pickpocket Academy

4. Explaining a Concept

Readings


Linh Kieu Ngo, Cannibalism: It Still Exists (annotated student essay)


Anastasia Toufexis, Love: The Right Chemistry


]Richard A. Friedman, Born to Be Happy, Through a Twist of Human Hard Wire


]Bob Holmes, In the Blink of an Eye

]5. Explaining Opposing Positions

Readings


]Alexander Cheung, The Perfect Crime (annotated student essay)


]Amos Esty, Investigating a Mega-Mystery


]Noah Feldman, America’s Church-State Problem


]Athena Alexander, No Child Left Behind: ÒHistoric InitiativeÓ or ÒJust an Empty PromiseÓ
(student essay)

6. Arguing a Position

Readings


Jessica Statsky,
Children Need to Play, Not Compete (annotated student essay)


Richard Estrada, Sticks and Stones and Sports Team Names


Amitai Etzioni, Working at McDonald’s


]Karen Stabiner, Boys Here, Girls There; Sure, If Equality’s the Goal

7. Proposing a Solution

Readings


Patrick O’Malley, More Testing, More Learning (annotated student essay)


]Karen Kornbluh, Win-Win Flexibility


]Matthew Miller, A New Deal for Teachers


]Gian-Claudia Sciara, Making Communities Safe for Bicycles

8. Justifying an Evaluation

Readings


]Wendy Kim, Grading Professors (annotated student essay)


Christine Romano, ÒChildren Need to Play, Not Compete,Ó by Jessica Statsky: An Evaluation (student essay)


]A. O. Scott, News in Black, White, and Shades of Gray


Jonah Jackson, The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind



9. Speculating about Causes

Readings


]Sheila McClain, Fitness Culture: A Growing Trend in America (annotated student essay)


Stephen King,
Why We Crave Horror Movies


]Erica Goode, The Gorge-Yourself Environment


]Bill Saporito, Why Fans and Players Are Playing So Rough

10. Interpreting Stories

An Anthology of Short Stories


Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour


Bel Kaufman, Sunday in the Park


William Carlos Williams, The Use of Force


]Don DeLillo, Videotape


James Joyce, Araby
Readings


Sally Crane, Gazing into the Darkness


David Ratinov, From Innocence to Insight: ÒArabyÓ as an Initiation Story

PART II. CRITICAL THINKING STRATEGIES

11. A Catalog of Invention Strategies


Mapping


Writing

12. A Catalog of Reading Strategies


Annotating


Martin Luther King Jr., An Annotated Sample from ÒLetter from Birmingham JailÓ


Taking Inventory


Outlining


Paraphrasing


Summarizing


Synthesizing


Contextualizing


Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language


Looking for Patterns of Opposition


Reflecting on Challenges to Your Beliefs and Values


Evaluating the Logic of an Argument


Recognizing Emotional Manipulation


Judging the Writer’s Credibility

PART III. WRITING STRATEGIES

13. Cueing the Reader


Orienting Statements


Paragraphing


Cohesive Devices


Connectives


Headings and Subheadings



14. Narrating


Narrating Strategies


Narrating a Process

15. Describing


Naming


Detailing


Comparing


Using Sensory Description


Creating a Dominant Impression

16. Defining


Sentence Definitions


Extended Definitions


Historical Definitions


Stipulative Definitions

17. Classifying


Organizing Classification


Illustrating Classification


Maintaining Clarity and Coherence

18. Comparing and Contrasting


Two Ways of Comparing and Contrasting


Analogy

19. Arguing

Asserting a Thesis

Giving Reasons and Support

Counterarguing

Logical Fallacies

PART IV. RESEARCH STRATEGIES

20. Field Research

Observations

Interviews

Questionnaires

21. Library and Internet Research

Integrating Library and Internet Research

Orienting Yourself to the Library

A Library Search Strategy

Keeping Track of Your Research

Getting Started

Identifying Subject Headings and Keywords

Searching Online Library Catalogs and Databases

Locating Sources

Using the Internet for Research

Finding the Best Information Online

Using e-mail and Online Communities for Research

Reading Sources with a Critical Eye

22. Using and Acknowledging Sources

Using Sources

Acknowledging Sources

Some Sample Research Papers

An Annotated Research Paper

PART V. WRITING FOR ASSESSMENT

23. Essay Examinations

Preparing for an Exam

Reading the Exam Carefully

Some Typical Essay Exam Questions

Planning Your Answer

Writing Your Answer

Model Answers to Some Typical Essay Exam Questions

24. Writing Portfolios

The Purpose of a Writing Portfolio

Assembling a Portfolio for Your Composition Course

PART VI. WRITING AND SPEAKING TO WIDER AUDIENCES

25. Designing Documents

Elements of Document Design

Sample Documents

26. Oral Presentations

Be Ready

Understand the Kind of Oral Presentation You Have Been Asked to Give

Assess Your Audience and Purpose

Determine How Much Information You Can Present in the Allotted Time

Use Cues to Orient Listeners

Prepare Effective and Appropriate Visuals

Verify That You Will Have the Correct Equipment and Supplies

Rehearse Your Presentation

Deliver the Oral Presentation Professionally

End Your Presentation Graciously

27. Working with Others


Working With Others on Your Individual Writing Projects

Working With Others on Your Joint Writing Projects

28. Writing in Your Community


Using Your Experience as Source Material

HANDBOOK (Clothbound Edition Only)

S Sentence Boundaries

G Grammatical Sentences

E Effective Sentences

W Word Choice

P Punctuation

M Mechanics

L ESL Troublespots

R Review of Sentence Structure

GL Glossary of Frequently Misused Words

Author and Title Index

Subject Index

Index for ESL Writers



] new to this edition



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
English language -- Rhetoric -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
English language -- Grammar -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Report writing -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.