Table of contents for Problems from philosophy.
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Chapter 1: The Legacy of Socrates
1.1. Why Was Socrates Condemned?
1.2. Why Did Socrates Believe He Had to Die?
Chapter 2: God and the Origin of the Universe
2.1. Is It Reasonable to Believe in God?
2.2. The Argument from Design
2.3. Evolution and Intelligent Design
2.4. The First Cause Argument
2.5. The Idea that God Is a Necessary Being
Chapter 3: The Problem of Evil
3.1. Why Do Good People Suffer?
3.2. God and Evil
3.3. Free Will and Moral Character
Chapter 4: Do We Survive Death?
4.1. The Idea of an Immortal Soul
4.2. Is There Any Credible Evidence of an Afterlife?
4.3. Hume's Argument Against Miracles
Chapter 5: The Problem of Personal Identity
5.1. The Problem
5.2. Personhood at a Moment
5.3. Personhood over Time
5.4. Bodily Continuity
Chapter 6: Body and Mind
6.1. Descartes and Elizabeth
6.2. Materialist Theories of the Mind
6.3. Doubts About Materialist Theories
Chapter 7: Could a Machine Think?
7.1. Brains and Computers
7.2. An Argument that Machines Could Think
7.3. The Turing Test
7.4. Why the Turing Test Fails
Chapter 8: The Case Against Free Will
8.1. Are People Responsible for What They Do?
8.4. Genes and Behavior
Chapter 9: The Debate Over Free Will
9.1. The Determinist Argument
9.2. The Libertarian Response
9.3. The Compatibilist Response
9.4. Ethics and Free Will
Chapter 10: Our Knowledge of the World Around Us
10.1. Vats and Demons
10.3. What Evidence for These Views Might Be Like
10.4. Descartes' Theological Response
10.5. Direct vs. Indirect Realism
10.6. Vision and the Brain
10.7. The Natural Theory
Chapter 11: Ethics and Objectivity
11.1. Thrasymachus's Challenge
11.2. Is Ethics Just Social Conventions?
11.3. Ethics and Science
11.4. The Importance of Human Interests
Chapter 12: Why Should We Be Moral?
12.1. The Ring of Gyges
12.2. Ethics and Religion
12.3. The Social Contract
12.4. Morality and Benevolence
Chapter 13: The Meaning of Life
13.1. The Problem of the Point of View
13.4. Religion and the Indifferent Universe
13.5. The Meaning of Particular Lives
Appendix: How to Evaluate Arguments
Notes on Sources
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