Table of contents for Introduction to modern thermodynamics / Dilip Kondepudi.


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Preface
1 BASIC CONCEPTS AND THE LAWS OF GASES

Introduction
1.1 Thermodynamic Systems
1.2 Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium Systems
1.3 Biological and Other Open Systems
1.4 Temperature, Heat and Quantitative Laws of Gases
1.5 States of Matter and the van der Waals Equation
1.6 An Introduction to Kinetic Theory of Gases
Appendix 1.1: Partial Derivatives
Appendix 1.2: Elementary Concepts in Probability Theory
Appendix 1.3: Mathematica Codes
References
Examples
Exercises

2 THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

The Idea of Energy Conservation amidst New Discoveries
2.1 The Nature of Heat
2.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics: The Conservation of Energy
2.3 Elementary Applications of the First Law
2.4 Thermochemistry: Conservation of Energy in Chemical Reactions
2.5 Extent of Reaction: A State Variable for Chemical Systems
2.6 Conservation of Energy in Nuclear Reactions and Some General Remarks
2.7 Energy Flows and Organized States
Appendix 2.1: Mathematica Codes
References
Examples
Exercises

3 THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND THE ARROW OF TIME

3.1 The Birth of the Second Law
3.2 The Absolute Scale of Temperature
3.3 The Second Law and the Concept of Entropy
3.4 Entropy, Reversible and Irreversible Processes
3.5 Examples of Entropy Changes due to Irreversible Processes
3.6 Entropy Changes Associated with Phase Transformations
3.7 Entropy of an Ideal Gas
3.8 Remarks about the Second Law and Irreversible Processes
Appendix 3.1: The Hurricane as a Heat Engine
Appendix 3.2: Entropy Production in Continuous Systems
References
Examples
Exercises

4 ENTROPY IN THE REALM OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS

4.1 Chemical Potential and Affinity: The Thermodynamic Force for Chemical Reactions
4.2 General Properties of Affinity
4.3 Entropy Production Due to Diffusion
4.4 General Properties of Entropy
Appendix 4.1: Thermodynamics Description of Diffusion
References
Examples
Exercises

5 EXTREMUM PRINCIPLES AND GENERAL THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS

Extremum Principles in Nature
5.1 Extremum Principles Associated with the Second Law
5.2 General Thermodynamic Relations
5.3 Gibbs Energy of Formation and Chemical Potential
5.4 Maxwell Relations
5.5 Extensivity with Respect to N and Partial Molar Quantities
5.6 Surface Tension
References
Examples
Exercises

6 BASIC THERMODYNAMICS OF GASES, LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS

Introduction
6.1 Thermodynamics of Ideal Gases
6.2 Thermodynamics of Real Gases
6.3 Thermodynamics Quantities for Pure Liquids and Solids
Appendix 6.1 Equations of State
References
Examples
Exercises

7 THERMODYNAMICS OF PHASE CHANGE

Introduction
7.1 Phase Equilibrium and Phase Diagrams
7.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule and Duhem’s Theorem
7.3 Binary and Ternary Systems
7.4 Maxwell's Construction and the Lever Rule
7.5 Phase Transitions
References
Examples
Exercises

8 THERMODYNAMICS OF SOLUTIONS

8.1 Ideal and Nonideal Solutions
8.2 Colligative Properties
8.3 Solubility Equilibrium
8.4 Thermodynamic Mixing and Excess Functions
8.5 Azeotropy
References
Examples
Exercises

9 THERMODYNAMICS OF CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATIONS

9.1 Transformations of Matter
9.2 Chemical Reaction Rates
9.3 Chemical Equilibrium and the Law of Mass Action
9.4 The Principle of Detailed Balance
9.5 Entropy Production due to Chemical Reactions
9.6 Elementary Theory of Chemical Reaction Rates
9.7 Coupled Reactions and Flow Reactors
Appendix 9.1: Mathematica Codes
References
Examples
Exercises

10 FIELDS AND INTERNAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM

The Many Faces of Chemical Potential
10.1 Chemical Potential in a Field
10.2 Membranes and Electrochemical Cells
10.3 Isothermal Diffusion
References
Examples
Exercises

11 INTRODUCTION TO NONEQUILIBRIUM SYSTEMS

Introduction
11.1 Local Equilibrium
11.2 Local Entropy Production, Thermodynamic Forces and Flows
11.3 Linear Phenomenological Laws and Onsager Reciprocal Relations
11.4 Symmetry-Breaking Transition and Dissipative Structures
11.5 Chemical Oscillations
Appendix 11.1: Mathematica Codes
References
Further Reading
Exercises

12 THERMODYNAMICS OF RADIATION

Introduction
12.1 Energy Density and Intensity of Thermal Radiation
12.2 The Equation of State
12.3 Entropy and Adiabatic Processes
12.4 Wien’s Theorem
12.5 Chemical Potential of Thermal Radiation
12.6 Matter–Antimatter in Equilibrium with Thermal Radiation: The State of Zero Chemical Potential
References
Examples
Exercises

13 BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

13.1 The Nonequilibrium Nature of Life
13.2 Gibbs Energy Change in Chemical Transformations
13.3 Gibbs Energy Flow in Biological Systems
13.4 Biochemical Kinetics
References
Further Reading
Examples
Exercises

14 THERMODYNAMICS OF SMALL SYSTEMS

Introduction
14.1 Chemical Potential of Small Systems
14.2 Size-Dependent Properties
14.3 Nucleation
14.4 Fluctuations and Stability
References
Examples
Exercises

15 CLASSICAL STABILITY THEORY

15.1 Stability of Equilibrium States
15.2 Thermal Stability
15.3 Stability with Respect to Fluctuations in N
References
Exercises

16 CRITICAL PHENOMENA AND CONFIGURATIONAL HEAT CAPACITY

Introduction
16.1 Stability and Critical Phenomena
16.2 Stability and Critical Phenomena in Binary Solutions
16.3 Configurational Heat Capacity
Further Reading
Exercises

17 ELEMENTS OF STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS

Introduction
17.1 Fundamentals and Overview
17.2 Partition Function Factorization
17.3 The Boltzmann Probability Distribution and Average Values
17.4 Microstates, Entropy and the Canonical Ensemble
17.5 Canonical Partition Function and Thermodynamic Quantities
17.6 Calculating Partition Functions
17.7 Equilibrium Constants
Appendix 17.1: Approximations and Integrals
References
Examples
Exercises

LIST OF VARIABLES
STANDARD THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES
PHYSICAL CONTANTS AND DATA
INDEX


Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Thermodynamics.