Table of contents for Comparative approaches to program planning / by F. Ellen Netting, Mary Katherine O'Connor, David P. Fauri.
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Chapter 1. Differences Between Lines And Circles.
Lines and Circles as Planning Metaphors.
A Brief History of Lines & Circles.
Science and Reason.
Positivism vs. Interpretivism.
Rational and Nonrational Thought.
Rational & Nonrational Problem-Solving and Decision-Making.
Planning Theory (Both Lines and Circles).
Examples of Planning Approaches.
The "Surety" of the Line and the "Tentativeness" of the Circle.
A Conceptual Framework.
Chapter 2. Programs -- Containers For Idea Implementation.
Programs and Projects; Services and Interventions.
Programs and Projects.
Services and Interventions.
Programs in Organizational Context.
Mandates & Initiatives.
Planning Different Types of Programs.
Chapter 3. Rational Planning And Prescriptive Approaches.
Case: The Mayor and the Street Educators.
History of Rational Planning and Prescriptive Approaches.
Dimensions of Rational Planning and Prescriptive Approaches.
The Logic Model.
Defining and Analyzing Problems.
Selecting Intervention Strategies.
Writing Goals and Objectives.
Program Design and Decision-Making.
Accountability in a Prescriptive Approach.
Strengths and Challenges of Rational Planning.
Chapter 4. Interpretive Planning And Emergent Approaches.
Case: The Invisible People and the Area Agency on Aging.
History of Interpretive Planning and Emergent Approaches.
Dimensions of Interpretive Planning and Emergent Approaches.
The Logic of Emergence.
Accountability in an Emergent Approach.
Strengths and Challenges of Interpretive Planning.
Chapter 5. Knowing When To Use What Planning Approach.
An Example: AIDS Orphans and the Pig Intervention.
Similarities in Planning Approach Challenges.
Engaging in Critical Thinking.
Making Ethical Decisions.
Comparing Program Planning Approaches.
Thinking about Mindsets and Skills.
Decision Issues for Approach Selection.
Chapter 6. Program Planning In Diverse Cultural Contexts.
Culture and Context.
Elements in Culture Development.
Skills of the Culturally Competent.
Challenges to Culturally Competent Human Service Programming.
Recognizing Realism and Rationalism.
Responding to Accountability Demands.
Cultural Competence and Program Planning.
Planning with Sensitivity to Difference.
Differences within the Mainstream.&
Planning with Sensitivity to Inclusion.
Planning with Sensitivity to Context.
Planning Across Multiple Organizational Settings.
Issues when Practicing Internationally.
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