Table of contents for Music : the art of listening / Jean Ferris.


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Counter
The Student’s Preface Attending Performances
Orchestral Performances
Other Performances
Form in Music
The Printed Program How to Write about Music
Different Kinds of performance
Subjective Reactions Preface Overture

Part One: Basic Concepts

Part One Opener 1. Sound Pitch Naming Pitches Notating Pitches Intervals Dynamics Listening Example 1. Richard Strauss: Introduction to Also sprach Zarathustra Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore 2. Rhythm Tempo Meter Listening Example 2. Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Russian Dance (Trepak) from The Nutcracker Conducting Patterns Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore Connection: Rhythm in the Music of Africa and India 3. Melody Melodic Types Scales Major and Minor Scales Tonic Note Chromatic Scale Whole Tone Scale Pentatonic Scale Listening Example 3. Anonymous: "Amazing Grace" Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore Connection: Melody in China and India 4. Harmony Chords Tonality Consonance and Dissonance Listening Example 4. Trad.: "Shenandoah" (excerpt) Texture Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore 5. Timbre Vocal Timbres Instruments of the Orchestra String Instruments Woodwinds Brass Instruments Percussion Instruments Listening Example 5. Benjamin Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Keyboard Instruments Harpsicord Piano Pipe Organ Electronic Instruments Electronic Synthesizer MIDI Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore Connection: Music Timbers around the World

Part Two: Ancient Greece, The Middle Ages, The Renaissance

Part Two Opener 6. The Music of Ancient Greece Historical Perspective Music in Greek Life The Greek's Lasting Influence Music and Words Stories and Myths The Philosophy of Music Scientific Theories of Music Classicism versus Romanticism in Art Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore Connection: Extramusical Pereceptions in Several Cultures 7. Medieval Music Historical Perspective Artistic Style Early Christian Music Modes Further Christian Thought Gregorian Chant Listening Example 6. Alleluia: "Pascha nostrum" from the Dominica Resurrectionis for Easter Sunday Hildegard of Bingen: "Nunc aperuit nobis" Rise of Polyphony Secular Music The English Sound Listening Example 8. Anon: "Sumer is icumen in" Instrumental Music The New Method Artistic Style Music The Mass Guillaume de Machaut: "Gloria" from the Missa Notre Dame Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Encore Connection: Islamic Chant 8. The Renaissance: General Characteristics Historical Perspective The Reformation The Counter-Reformation Artistic Style Painting Architecture Sculpture Music Timbre Texture Renaissance Modes Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures 9. Sacred Music of the Renaissance Renaissance Motet Josquin Desprez (c. 1445-1521) Renaissance Mass Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1524-1594) Listening Example 10. Palestrina: Agnus Dei I from Missa Papae Marcelli (Mass for Pope Macellus) Protestant Worship Music Chorale Listening Example 11. Martin Luther: "Ein' feste Bug" ("A Mighty Fortress") Psalm Tunes Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 10. Secular Music in the Renaissance Madrigal Listening Example 13. Thomas Weelkes: "As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending" Instrumental Music String Instruments Keybpard Instruments Listening Example 14. John Dowland: "Queen Elizabeth's Galliard" Wind Instruments Ensembles Women Instrumentalists Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore

Part Three: The Baroque (1600-1750)

Part Three Opener 11. Toward the Baroque Artistic Style Music Venetian Polychoral Music Giovanni Gabrieli (1557-1612) Listening Example 15. Giovanni Gabrieli: Sonata pian' e forte Monody Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 12. The Baroque: General Characteristics Historical Perspective Religion Science and Philosophy Artistic Style Literature Painting Sculpture Music Contrasts Texture Rise of Tonality Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 13. Dramatic Music of the Baroque Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) First and Second Practice Early Opera Recitative Listening Example 16. Claudio Monteverdi: "Tu se'morta" from L'Orfeo Aria Henry Purcell (c. 1659-1695) Listening Example 17. Henry Purcell: Dido's "Lament" from Dido and Aeneas Late Baroque Opera Bel Canto Ballad Opera George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) Oratorio Messuah Listening Example 18. "Hallelujah" Chorus from Messiah Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Cantata Listening Example 19. Johann Sebastian Bach: "Wachet auf" ("Sleepers Wake" from Cantat No. 140) Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 14. Instrumental Music of the Baroque Music for Keyboards Prelude Fugue Listening Example 20. J.S. Bach: Fugue in G Minor ("Little" Fugue) Toccata Suite The Basso Continuo Chamber Music Sonata Orchestral Music Concerto Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Listening Example 21. Antonio Vivaldi: "Spring" Concerto (from The Four Seasons), first movement Concerto Grosso Listening Example 22. J.S. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore

Part Four: The Classical Period (1750-1820)

Part Four Opener Chapter 15. Toward Classicism The Rococo Visual Arts Music The German "Sensitive" Style Listening Example 23. Francois Couperin: "Le tic-toc-choc" from Ordre 18 Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 16. The Classical period: General Characteristics Historical Perspective the Enlightenment Artistic Style Painting Sculpture and Architecture Literature Music General Characteristics Viennese Style Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 17. Formal Design in the Classical Period The Orchestra Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Symphony Sonata-Allegro Listening Example 24. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550, first movement Solo Concerto Rondo Listening Example 25. W.A. Mozart: Concerto for Flute and Orchestra in D Major, K. 314, third movement Chamber Music Theme and Variations Listening Example 26. Franz Joseph Haydn: String Quartet in C Major ("Emperor"), Op. 76, No. 3, second movement Minuet and Trio Listening Example 27. W.A. Mozart: Ein kleine Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music) third movement Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 18. Vocal Music in the Classical Period Opera Comic Opera Listening Example 28. Pergolesi: La serva padrona, excerpt Mozart's Operas Sacred Music Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore

Part Five: The Age of Romanticism (1820-1910)

Part Fiver Opener Chapter 19. Toward Romanticism The Arts Lierature Painting Music Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Beethoven'd Approach to Form Listening Example 30. Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 8, Op. 13 (Pathetique), first movement The SymphoniesListening Example 31. Beethoeven: Symphonie No 5 in C Minor, first movement Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Schubert's Instrumental Music Art Song Listening Example 32. Schubert: "Erlkonig" ("The Erlking") Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 20. The Romantic Style: General Characteristics Characteristics of Romanticism Fascination with the Unknown Love of Nature History versus Science The Romantic Period Artistic Style Literature Painting Romantic Music—an Overview Melodic techniques Harmony Nationalism and Internationalism Personal Expression Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 21. The Romantic Style: Orchestral Music Program Music Concert Overture Concert Overture Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Program Symphony Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Listening Example 33. Hector Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique, fifth movement Symphonic Poem Absolute Music Solo Concerto Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805-1847) Symphony Johannes Brahms (1833-1897 Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 22. The Romantic Style: Music for Solo Instrument and for Voice Niccolò Paganini (1782-1840) Listening Example 34. Paganini: Caprice No. 1, from Twenty-Four Caprices for Solo Violin, Op. 1 Piano Music Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Fre;de;ric Chopin (1810-1849) Listening Example 35. Chopin: Nocturne in E-flat Major, Op. 9, No. 2 Listening Example 36. Chopin: Etude No. 1, Op. 10 German Art Songs (Lieder) Robert Schuman (1810-1856) Listening Example 37. Robert Schumann: "Im wunderschönen Monat Mai" ("In the marvelous month of May") from Dichterliebe Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 23. Dramatic Music of the Romantic Period Opera in France Italian Romantic Opera Listening Example 38. Gaetano Donizetti: "Mad scene" from Lucia di Lammermoor Giuseppi Verdi (1813-1901) Listening Example 39. Giuseppi Verdi: "Celeste Aida" from Aida Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) Music Drama Richard Wagner (1813-1883 Listening Example 40. Richard Wagner: "Liebestod" ("Love-Death")from Tristan und Isolde Operetta Gilbert and Sullivan Listening Example 41. Arthur Sullivan: "I am the very model of a modern major general" from The Pirates of Penzance Choral Music Listening Example 42. Johannes Brahms: "How lovely is Thy dwelling place" from A German Requiem Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Connection: Sacred Music in Other Cultures Chapter 24. Music in Nineteenth-Century America Music in American Life Bands Orchestral Music Musical Theater Stephen Foster (1826-1864) Piano Music Louis Moreau Gottschalk American Music Comes of Age Amy Cheney Beach (1867-1944) Edward MacDowell (1860-1908) Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Connection: Song in Native American Life

Part Six: Revolution and Evolution: Music in the Twentieth Century Concert and Beyond

Part Six Opener 25. Toward a New Music Richard Strauss (1864-1949) Listening Example 43. Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) Impressionism Literature Painting Music Claude Debussy (1862-1918) Debussy's Stylistic Techniques Listening Example 44. debussy: La cathedrale engloutie (The Sunken Cathedral) from Preludes, Book I Other Impressionists Primitivism Painting Music Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) Listening Example 45. Stravinsky: Le sacre du printemps (The Right of Spring) Expressionism Painting Literature Music Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) Listening Example 46. Schoenbergh: "Mondestrunken" from Pierrot Lunaire Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 26. Twentieth-Century Arts: General Characteristics Visual Arts Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) Music: An Overview Melody Harmony Rhythm and Meter Timbre Texture Form The Impact of Jazz Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 27. Musical Revolutionaries Twelve-Tone Technique Anton Webern (1883-1945) Listening Example 47. Anton Webern: Five Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 10 Experimentalism Charles Ives (1874-1954) Listening Example 48. Charles Ives: "General Putnam's Camp" from Three Places in New England Henry Cowell Listening Example 49. Henry Cowell: "The Banshee" Edgard Varese (1883-1965) Electronic Music Milton Babbitt (b. 1916) Listening Example 50. Milton Babbitt: Ensembles for Synthesizer (excerpt) Indeterminate Music John Cage (1912-1992) The Gamelan Listening Example 51. "Kebjar Hudjan Mas" Prepared Piano Listening Example 52. John Cage: The Perilous Night, No. 1 Pauline Oliveros (b. 1932) Listening Example 53. Pauline Oliveros: Sound Patterns Pierre Boulez (b. 1925) Karlheinz Stockhausen (b. 1928) Krzysztof Penderecki (b. 1933) Listening Example 54. Krzysztof Penderecki: Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore 28. Musical Evolutionaries Les Six Twentieth-Century European Nationalism Bela Bartok (1881-1945) Listening example 55. Bela Bartok: Concerto for Orchestra, fourth movement Neoclassicism Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953) Listening Example 56. Sergei Prokofiev: Symphony No. 1 ("Classical"), first movement Paul Hindemith (1895-1963) Listening Example 57. Paul Hindemith: Kleine Kammermusik, first movement American Nationalism Aaron Copeland (1900-1990) Listening Example 58. Aaron Copland: Variations on "Simple Gifts" from Appalachian Spring Suite George Gershwin (1898-1937) The Harlem Renaissance William Grant Still (1895-1978) Listening Example 59. William Grant Still: Afro-American Symphony, third movement ("Humor") Neoromanticism Samuel Barber (1910-1981) Listening Example 60. Samuel Barber: Adagio for Strings Minimalism Indian and African Influences Religious Concert Music Revived Women in Music Listening Example 61. Ellen Taafe Zwilich: Concerto Grosso 1985 Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Chapter 29. Music for Stage and Films Opera in America Listening Example 62.George Gershwin: "Bess, You Is My Woman Now" from Porgy and Bess Philip Glass (b. 1937) Listening Example 63. Philip Glass: Einstein on the Beach, Act IV, Scene 3, "Spaceship" Evolution of Musicals Golden Age of Broadway Musicals Listening Example 64. Leonard Bernstein: "Tonight" ensemble from West Side Story Search for New Directions Music for Films Functions of Music in Films The Hollywood Sound Many Kinds of Movie Music Electronic Music in Film Scores Movie Musicals The Composer's Perspective Film Score Performances and Recordings Summary Critical Thinking Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Connection: Dramatic Music in China and Japan Chapter 30. Jazz Ragtime Scott Joplin (1868-1917) Listening Example 65. Scott Joplin: "Maple Leaf Rag" Blues Listening Example 66. Bessie Smith: "Lost Your Head Blues" Instrumental Jazz New Orleans Jazz Jazz Moves North Concert Jazz Listening Example 67. Charlie Parker: "Bloomdido" Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899-1974) Recent Developments Summary Critical Thinkning Terms to Review Key Figures Encore Connection: Improvisation in Classical Indian Music Postlude. The New Internationalism Popular Music Classical Music and Musical Theater The Chinese Influence Listening Example 67. Tan Dun: "Heaven" from Symphony 1997 (excerpt) Codetta


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