Table of contents for Learning in the field : an introduction to qualitative research / Gretchen B. Rossman, Sharon F. Rallis.


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Forward - Michael Quinn Patton
Preface to the Second Edition
List of Figures and Tables
Chapter 1 - Qualitative Research as Learning
Defining Qualitative Research
Common Characteristics
Typical Purposes and Overall Approaches
Doing Qualitative Research: Tales of Three Characters
Ways of Using Research
Instrumental Use
Enlightenment Use
Symbolic Use
Empancipatory Use
Principles of Good Practice
Overview of the Book
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 2 - The Researcher as Learner
What is Learning?
The Reflexivity of Qualitative Research
Paradigms
Subjectivity and Objectivity
Status Quo Versus Radical Change
Four Paradigms
Perspective in Practice
The Self at Work: Reflexivity
Establishing Perspective
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 3 - The Researcher as Competent and Ethical
Trustworthiness
Standards for Practice
What is the Truth Value of This Work?
How Rigorously Was the Study Conducted?
How Useful is the Study for Other Situations?
Strategies for Ensuring Credibility and Rigor
Our Characters' Strategies
Theories of Ethics
The Ethic of Consequences
The Ethic of Rights and Responsibilities
The Ethic of Social Justice
The Ethic of Care
Ethical Issues
Privacy and Confidentiality
Deception and Consent
Trust and Betrayal
Thinking Through Ethical Dilemmas
Politics
Setting the Research Agenda
Approving the "Right" Methodology
Coping With Micro-politics
Our Characters' Issues
Internal Review Boards
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 4 - Major Qualitative Research Genres
Choosing the Locus of Interest: Major Qualitative Research Genres
Critical and Postmodern Assumptions
Ethnographies
Phenomenological Studies
Socio-Communication Studies
Case Studies
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 5 - Planning the Research
Practical Considerations
Do-ability
Want-to-Do-Ability
Should-Do-Ability
What is a Research Proposal?
Conceptual Framework
Use of the Literature
Introduction
The Topic
Statement of the Research Problem or Issue
Purpose
Significance
Limitations
Design and Methodology
Overall Genre and Rationale
Site or Population Selection and Sampling Strategies
Data Gathering Procedures
Data Management and Analysis Procedures
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 6 - Entering the Field
Preparation
Intended Involvement
Degree of Involvement
Portrayal of Iinvolvement
Approach and Negotiations
Time
Introduction and Invitation
Written Permission
Expectations and Relationships
Reciprocity
Organizational Gatekeepers
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 7 - Gathering Data in the Field
Decisions About Gathering Data
Depth or Breadth
Prefigured or Open-ended
Ebb and Flow
Systematic Inquiry
Data About the Research
Data About the Process and Yourself
Generic In-depth Interviewing
Types of Interviews
Social Group Identities
Follow-up Questions
Specialized Forms of In-depth Interviewing
Ethnographic Interviewing
Phenomenological Interviewing
Socio-communications Interviews
Interviewing "Elites" or "Experts"
Focus Group Interviewing
Interviewing Children
Observing People, Actions, and Events
Taking Field Notes
Making Raw Field Notes Usable
Studying Material Culture
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 8 - Our Characters' Data
Anthony's Data
Field Notes 1
Field Notes 2
Interview 1
Interview 2
Marla's Data
Interview 1
Interview 2
Field Notes 1
Field Notes 2
Ruth's Data
Field Notes 1
Field Notes 2
Interview 1
Interview 2
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Chapter 9 - Issues That Arise in the Field
"How Do I Prepare To Gather Data?"
"How Can I Get Comfortable in the Field?"
"What are the Data?"
"How Do I Turn Sights, Sounds, and Objects Into Data?"
"I'm Bilingual. What Language Do I Use?"
"How Can I Change My Research Plan?"
"What Do I Reflect On?"
"How Do I Leave the Field?"
Using the Principles of Good Practice Using the principles of good practice Using the principles of good practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 10 - Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Analysis Happens
Analysis is Ongoing
Categorical or Holistic Analysis
Quantifying Qualitative Data
Analysis Related to Qualitative Genre
Generic Analysis
Organizing the Data
Our Characters
Familiarizing Yourself With the Data
Generating Categories and Themes
Coding
Interpretation
Searching for Alternative Understandings
Writing the Report
Writing In-process Analytic Memos
Strategies for Analyzing Interview Data
Analyzing Ethnographic Interview Data
Analyzing Phenomenologic Interview Data
Analyzing Socio-communications Data
Strategies for Analyzing Field Notes From Observations
Strategies for Analyzing Material Culture
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Further Reading
Chapter 11 - Our Characters' Analyses
Anthony's Analysis
Analytic Memo: What Participation Means
Ruth's Analysis
On Agency
Marla's Analysis
Memo #1: Collaborative Analysis: The Process and Some Preliminary Thoughts
Memo #2: Taking Action
Using the Principles of Good Practice
Activities for Your Community of Practice
Chapter 12 - Presenting the Learnings
Presentation
Audience and Purpose
Possible Formats
Voice
Organizing the Report
Chronology
Life History
Thematic
Composite
Critical Events
Portraits
Using the Principles of Good Practice to Generate Useful Knowledge
Activities for Your Community of Practice
References
Epilogue
Name Index
Subject Index
About the Authors



Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Social sciences -- Research -- Methodology.
Qualitative reasoning.