Table of contents for Philosophical dilemmas : building a worldview / Phil Washburn.


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Preface


Historical Parallels


Introduction: What is Philosophy?


1. God, Immortality, and Faith


1.1. DOES GOD EXIST?


Yes: Causal Theist. "In the Beginning"


Yes: Design Theist. "Design or Chance?"


No: Atheist. "The Retreat of the Gods"


Methods and Techniques: Arguments


1. IS GOD LIKE HUMAN BEINGS?


No: Abstractionist. "God Is Love"


Yes: Personalist. "The Projection Theory"


Methods and Techniques: Meanings of Words


1.3. CAN GOD ALLOW INNOCENT SUFFERING?


No: Incompatibilist. "There Is No God"


Yes: Compatibilist. "Character and Contentment"


Methods and Techniques: Consistent Beliefs


1.4. IS THE SOUL IMMORTAL?


No: Terminator. "Immortality"


Yes: Survivor. "For and against an Afterlife"


Methods and Techniques: Facts and Concepts


1.5. IS FAITH AN ANSWER?


Yes: Believer. "Accepting Limits"


No: Questioner. "Faith and Its Consequences"


Methods and Techniques: Consequences


Connections: Transcendentalist or Naturalist?


2. Liberty, Equality, and Justice


2.1. IS SOCIETY BASED ON A CONTRACT?


Yes: Contractor. "The Social Contract"


No: Organicist. "The Social Organism"


Methods and Techniques: Models


2.2. IS LIBERTY THE HIGHEST SOCIAL VALUE?


Yes: Libertarian. "Liberty. the Supreme Social Value"


No: Paternalist. "Empty Phrases"


Methods and Techniques: Goals


2.3. IS EQUALITY THE HIGHEST SOCIAL VALUE?


Yes: Egalitarian. "Society and Property"


No: Elitist. "What Elitists Believe"


Methods and Techniques: Means and Ends


2.4. IS CAPITALISM JUST?


Yes: Contributionist. "Capitalism, Democracy, and Justice"


No: Socialist. "Capitalist Society"


Methods and Techniques: Thinking and Emotion


2.5. SHOULD WE ESTABLISH A WORLD GOVERNMENT?


Yes: Internationalist. "Choosing a Peacful Future"


No: Localist. "The Politics of World Government"


Methods and Techniques: Comparing


Connections: Liberal or Conservative?


3. Happiness, Obligations, and Values


3.1. IS PLEASURE THE ONLY VALUE?


Yes: Hedonist. "Hedonism"


No: Pluralist. "A World of Values"


Methods and Techniques: Facts and Values


3.2. CAN WE UNDERSTAND HAPPINESS?


Yes: Definer. "Happiness"


No: Muddler. "The Elusive Dream"


Methods and Techniques: Definitions


3.3. IS MORALITY RELATIVE?


Yes: Relativist. "Moral Relativism"


No: Absolutist. "Right for you, Wrong for Me?"


Methods and Techniques: Ad Hominem


3.4. IS HAPPINESS THE STANDARD OF MORALITY?


Yes: Utilitarian. "Utilitarianism"


No: Formalist. "The Principle of Morality"


Methods and Techniques: Moral Theories


3.5. IS SOCIETY THE SOURCE OF VALUES?


Yes: Functionalist. "An Objective Basis for Morality"


No: Moral theist. "The Current Crisis and Its Solution


Methods and Techniques: Necessary Conditions


Connections: Humanist or Objectivist?


4. Free Will, Mind, and Identity


4.1. ARE WE ALWAYS SELFISH?


Yes: Psychological Egoist. "No Free Lunch"


No: Psychological Altruist. "Is Love Selfish?"


Methods and Techniques: Generalizations


4.2. ARE WE FREE?


No: Hard Determinist. "One World, Not Two"


Yes: Metaphysical Libertarian. "Free Will and Common Sense"


Yes: Soft Determinist. "Verbal Disputes, Facts, and Free Will"


Methods and Techniques: Introspection


4.3. ARE WE RESPONSIBLE FOR OUR ACTIONS?


No: Excuser. "Rejecting Responsibility"


Yes: Judge. "No Excuse"


Methods and Techniques: Infinite Regress


4.4. IS THE MIND NOTHING BUT THE BRAIN?


Yes: Materialist. "Body and Soul"


No: Dualist. "The Inner Life"


Methods and Techniques: Possible and Impossible


4.5. CAN COMPUTERS THINK?


Yes: Mechanist. "Can Computers Think?"


No: Mentalist. "People vs. Machines"


Methods and Techniques: Analogies


4.6. CAN I CREATE MY IDENTITY?


No: Role player. "Being Authentic, Playing a Role."


Yes: Individualist. "Self-Reliance"


Methods and Techniques: Identity


5. Knowledge, Science, and Truth


5.1. CAN WE KNOW ABOUT THE EXTERNAL WORLD?


No. Internalist. "Knowledge of the External World"


Yes. Perceiver. "The Limits of Ignorance"


Methods and Techniques: Philosophy and Imagination


5.2. DOES SCIENCE GIVE US REAL KNOWLEDGE?


Yes: Positivist. "Science as Knowledge"


No: Romantic. "What Kind of Understanding?"


Methods and Techniques: Making Assumptions


5.3. IS EXPERIENCE THE SOURCE OF ALL KNOWLEDGE?


Yes: Empiricist. "The Source of Knowledge"


No: Rationalist. "The Strange Case of the Mathematician"


5.4. IS CERTAINTY THE STANDARD OF KNOWLEDGE?


Yes: Foundationalist. "Certainty"


No: Pragmatist. "The Test of Knowledge"


Methods and Techniques: Searching for Foundations


5.5. IS TRUTH SUBJECTIVE?


Yes: Subjectivist. "Truth is Subjectivity"


No: Representationalist. "True Beliefs and False Beliefs"


Methods and Techniques: Ten Theses on Language


Connections: Intuitionist or Externalist?


Glossary


Index


Key Concepts and Critical Questions follow each argument


Each subchapter ends with section on Understanding the Dilemma





Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Philosophy -- Introductions.