Table of contents for The human potential for peace : an anthropological challenge to assumptions about war and violence / by Douglas P. Fry.

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Foreword by Robert A. Hinde


1. Questioning the War Assumption

A Preview of Coming Attractions

2. The Peace System of the Upper Xingu

A Peace System

Social Organization

3. Taken for Granted: The Human Potential for Peace





Cultural Beliefs and Aggression Prevention

Points to Highlight

4. Making the Invisible Visible: Belief Systems in San Andr'es and La Paz

So Near and Yet So Far

Different Learning Environments

Multicausality and Multidimensionality

Some Broader Implications

5. The Cross-Cultural Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum

A Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum

Growing Interest in Peaceful Societies

Peaceful Societies: Not Such a Rare Breed After All

6. Peace Stories

The Semai of Malaysia

Ifaluk of Micronesia

Norwegians: A Nation at Peace

Returning to Hidden Assumptions

7. A Hobbesian Belief System? On the Supposed Naturalness of War

Warfare and Feuding from a Cross-Cultural Perspective

Nonwarring Cultures

8. Social Organization Matters!

Types of Social Organization

The Link betwen Warfare and Social Organization

Social Organization and Seeking Justice


9. Paradise Denied: A Bizarre Case of Skullduggery

The Unmaking of the Myth-Weaver

10. Re-Creating the Past in Our Own Image

Assumptions Come Tumbling Down

The Earliest Evidence of War

11. Cultural Projections

12. Aboriginal Australia: A Continent of Unwarlike Hunter-Gatherers

The Paucity of Warfare

Conflict Management

Summing Up

13. War-Laden Scenarios of the Past: Uncovering a Heap of Faulty Assumptions

Making the Implicit Explicit

The Patrilineal-Patrilocal Assumption

The Assumption of the Tight-Knit, Bounded Group

The Assumption of Pervasively Hostile Interband Relations

14. More Faulty Assumptions

The Assumption of Warring over Scarce Resources

The Assumption of Warring over Land

The Assumption of Warring over Women

The Assumption of Leadership

Summing Up

15. Much Ado about the Yanomam"o

The Famous Yanomam"o Unokais

Broader Issues

Methodological and Analytical Issues: Questioning the "Obvious"

The Heart of the Matter

Why So Much Ado?

16. Windows to the Past: Conflict Management Case Studies




Netsilik Inuit


Lessons from the Case Studies

17. Untangling War from Interpersonal Aggression

Natural Selection

Natural Environments and the EEA Concept

"Flexible" Adapatations, Sexual Selection, and Sex Differences in Aggression

The Costs and Benefits of Aggresion to Individual Fitness

Inclusive Fitness

18. An Alternative Evolutionary Perspective: The Nomadic Forager Model

Human Hawks, Doves, and Retaliators

Costs and Benefits of Aggression


Inclusive Fitness

Assessing the Overall Patterns and Recurring Themes

Warring as an Adaption? The Twin Problems of Confusing Function with Effect and Aggression with Warfare


19. Weighing the Future

20. Enhancing Peace

A Macroscopic Perspective: The Human Capacity to Move beyond War

Specific Insights for Keeping the Peace


Appendix: Organizations to Contact




Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Social control.
Intergroup relations.