Table of contents for The human potential for peace : an anthropological challenge to assumptions about war and violence / by Douglas P. Fry.


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Foreword by Robert A. Hinde


Preface


1. Questioning the War Assumption


A Preview of Coming Attractions


2. The Peace System of the Upper Xingu


A Peace System


Social Organization


3. Taken for Granted: The Human Potential for Peace


Avoidance


Toleration


Negotiation


Settlement


Cultural Beliefs and Aggression Prevention


Points to Highlight


4. Making the Invisible Visible: Belief Systems in San Andr'es and La Paz


So Near and Yet So Far


Different Learning Environments


Multicausality and Multidimensionality


Some Broader Implications


5. The Cross-Cultural Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum


A Peacefulness-Aggressiveness Continuum


Growing Interest in Peaceful Societies


Peaceful Societies: Not Such a Rare Breed After All


6. Peace Stories


The Semai of Malaysia


Ifaluk of Micronesia


Norwegians: A Nation at Peace


Returning to Hidden Assumptions


7. A Hobbesian Belief System? On the Supposed Naturalness of War


Warfare and Feuding from a Cross-Cultural Perspective


Nonwarring Cultures


8. Social Organization Matters!


Types of Social Organization


The Link betwen Warfare and Social Organization


Social Organization and Seeking Justice


Implications


9. Paradise Denied: A Bizarre Case of Skullduggery


The Unmaking of the Myth-Weaver


10. Re-Creating the Past in Our Own Image


Assumptions Come Tumbling Down


The Earliest Evidence of War


11. Cultural Projections


12. Aboriginal Australia: A Continent of Unwarlike Hunter-Gatherers


The Paucity of Warfare


Conflict Management


Summing Up


13. War-Laden Scenarios of the Past: Uncovering a Heap of Faulty Assumptions


Making the Implicit Explicit


The Patrilineal-Patrilocal Assumption


The Assumption of the Tight-Knit, Bounded Group


The Assumption of Pervasively Hostile Interband Relations


14. More Faulty Assumptions


The Assumption of Warring over Scarce Resources


The Assumption of Warring over Land


The Assumption of Warring over Women


The Assumption of Leadership


Summing Up


15. Much Ado about the Yanomam"o


The Famous Yanomam"o Unokais


Broader Issues


Methodological and Analytical Issues: Questioning the "Obvious"


The Heart of the Matter


Why So Much Ado?


16. Windows to the Past: Conflict Management Case Studies


Siriono


Montagnais-Naskapi


Paliyan


Netsilik Inuit


Ju/'hoansi


Lessons from the Case Studies


17. Untangling War from Interpersonal Aggression


Natural Selection


Natural Environments and the EEA Concept


"Flexible" Adapatations, Sexual Selection, and Sex Differences in Aggression


The Costs and Benefits of Aggresion to Individual Fitness


Inclusive Fitness


18. An Alternative Evolutionary Perspective: The Nomadic Forager Model


Human Hawks, Doves, and Retaliators


Costs and Benefits of Aggression


Restraint


Inclusive Fitness


Assessing the Overall Patterns and Recurring Themes


Warring as an Adaption? The Twin Problems of Confusing Function with Effect and Aggression with Warfare


Conclusions


19. Weighing the Future


20. Enhancing Peace


A Macroscopic Perspective: The Human Capacity to Move beyond War


Specific Insights for Keeping the Peace


Conclusions


Appendix: Organizations to Contact


Notes


References


Index





Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Violence.
War.
Peace.
Social control.
Intergroup relations.