Publisher description for The power of critical thinking : effective reasoning about ordinary and extraordinary claims / Lewis Vaughn.


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Enhanced by many innovative exercises, examples, and pedagogical features, The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims provides a clear-cut introduction to the subject. Author Lewis Vaughn explores the essentials of critical reasoning, argumentation, logic, and argumentative essay writing while also incorporating material on important topics that most other texts leave out. Offering comprehensive treatments of core topics, The Power of Critical Thinking includes an introduction to claims and arguments (Chapter 3); discussions of propositional and categorical logic (Chapters 6 and 7); and full coverage of the basics of inductive reasoning, including Mill's methods, enumerative and analogical induction, causal arguments, and opinion polls (Chapter 8). Building on this solid foundation, the book also delves into areas neglected by other texts, adding extensive material on inference to the best explanation and on scientific reasoning; a thorough look at the evaluation of evidence and credibility; and a chapter on the psychological and social factors that can impede critical thinking. Additional notable elements are a chapter on moral reasoning, advice on how to evaluate Internet sources, and guidelines for evaluating occult, paranormal, or supernatural claims. Designed to help students move from passive to active learning, The Power of Critical Thinking contains many helpful pedagogical features including: Hundreds of diverse exercises, examples, and illustrations drawn from a broad spectrum of sources Progressive, stand-alone writing modules that encourage students to develop effective writing skills Numerous informative and provocative text boxes in three types: Review Notes, Highlights of Previous Chapters, and Further Thought Opening "reminder" sections (brief sketches of preceding chapters) and end-of-chapter summaries Step-by-step guidelines for evaluating claims, arguments, and explanations A glossary of important terms A companion website that includes a student study guide with notes, quizzes, additional exercises, and other materials A printed Instructor's Manual with Test Bank Instructor's Manual CD-ROM with Computerized Test Bank coming soon Written in a student-friendly style and enhanced by humor where appropriate, this unique text makes critical thinking engaging and applicable to students' lives without oversimplifying the material or avoiding difficult issues. Featuring a modular structure that allows instructors to teach the chapters in almost any order, it is an ideal text for courses in critical thinking, introduction to logic, informal logic, argumentative writing, and introduction to argumentation.


Library of Congress subject headings for this publication:
Critical thinking.