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Lance Hill offers the first detailed history of the Deacons for Defense and Justice, who grew to several hundred members and twenty-one chapters in the Deep South and led some of the most successful local campaigns in the civil rights movement. In his analysis of this important yet long-overlooked organization, Hill challenges what he calls "the myth of nonviolence"--the idea that a united civil rights movement achieved its goals through nonviolent direct action led by middle-class and religious leaders. In contrast, Hill constructs a compelling historical narrative of a working-class armed self-defense movement that defied the entrenched nonviolent leadership and played a crucial role in compelling the federal government to neutralize the Klan and uphold civil rights and liberties.
Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Deacons for Defense and Justice History, African American civil rights workers Louisiana Jonesboro History 20th century, Self-defense Political aspects Southern States History 20th century, Political violence Southern States History 20th century, Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) History 20th century, African Americans Civil rights Southern States History 20th century, Civil rights movements Southern States History 20th century, Southern States Race relations, Louisiana Race relations, Mississippi Race relations