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Parent bases his argument on three historical developments: the expropriation of Powhatan lands, the switch from indentured to slave labor, and the burgeoning tobacco trade. He argues that these were the result of calculated moves on the part of an emerging great planter class seeking to consolidate power through large landholdings and the labor to make them productive. To preserve their economic and social gains, this planter class inscribed racial slavery into law. The ensuing racial and class tensions led elite planters to mythologize their position as gentlemen of pastoral virtue immune to competition and corruption. To further this benevolent image, they implemented a plan to Christianize slaves and thereby render them submissive. According to Parent, by the 1720s the Virginia gentry projected a distinctive cultural ethos that buffered them from their uncertain hold on authority, threatened both by rising imperial control and by black resistance, which exploded in the Chesapeake Rebellion of 1730.
Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Slavery Virginia History 17th century, Slavery Virginia History 18th century, Plantation life Virginia History, Plantation owners Virginia Social conditions, Slaves Virginia Social conditions, Elite (Social sciences) Virginia History, Social conflict Virginia History, Virginia Race relations, Virginia Social conditions 17th century, Virginia Social conditions 18th century