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At America's Gates is the first book devoted entirely to both Chinese immigrants and the American immigration officials who sought to keep them out. Erika Lee explores how Chinese exclusion laws not only transformed Chinese American lives, immigration patterns, identities, and families but also recast the United States into a "gatekeeping nation." Immigrant identification, border enforcement, surveillance, and deportation policies were extended far beyond any controls that had existed in the United States before.
Drawing on a rich trove of historical sources--including recently released immigration records, oral histories, interviews, and letters--Lee brings alive the forgotten journeys, secrets, hardships, and triumphs of Chinese immigrants. Her timely book exposes the legacy of Chinese exclusion in current American immigration control and race relations.
Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Chinese Americans Social conditions 19th century, Chinese Americans Social conditions 20th century, Chinese Americans Legal status, laws, etc, History, Immigrants United States History 19th century, Immigrants United States History 20th century, United States Emigration and immigration History, China Emigration and immigration History, United States Emigration and immigration Government policy, United States Race relations