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Jonathan Phillips lectures at the Royal Holloway, University of London.

Martin Hoch is based at the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Sankt Augustin.

Library of Congress subject headings for this publication: Crusades Second, 1147-1149, Jerusalem History Latin Kingdom, 1099-1244, Europe Church history 600-1500, Papacy History, Lisbon (Portugal) History Siege, 1147